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Transcript of US Religion
IN GOD WE TRUST
- God in Our Nation's Capital
- In God We Trust
- Text book: America In Close-Up
- Picture: flickr.com
EXAMPLES OF RELIGION'S EFFECTS
ON CURRENCY AND ARCHITECTURE
EFFECTS ON CURRENCY
EFFECTS ON ARCHITECTURE
- Was adopted as the official motto of the United States in 1956
- First appeared on U.S. coins in 1864 and has appeared on paper currency since 1957.
- Is also the motto of the U.S. state of Florida & Georgia.
- Appears to have originated in "The Star-Spangled Banner" - America's official national anthem.
The fourth stanza
of "The Star-Spangled Banner"
Oh! Thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand
Between their loved home and the war's desolation!
Bles't with victory and peace, may the heav'n rescued land
Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation.
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto: "In God is our trust."
1861: The Treasury Department was required to add a statement recognising "Almighty God in some form in our coins."
1863: A proposal to Congress for the new designs was presented
1864: The Secretary of the Treasury was allowed to authorize the inclusion of the phrase on one-cent and two-cent coins.
1865: The Mint Director, with the Secretary's approval, was allowed to place the motto on all gold and silver coins.
1873: The Secretary of the Treasury "may cause the motto IN GOD WE TRUST to be inscribed on such coins as shall admit of such motto." according to a Coinage Act made by Congress
1883: The motto disappeared from the five-cent coin.
1908: The motto has started to appear on all gold coins and silver dollar coins, half-dollar coins, and quarter-dollar coins struck since July 1.
Since 1938: all US coins have borne the motto.
1956: The Congress passed a joint resolution "declaring IN GOD WE TRUST the national motto of the United States."
2006: The Senate reaffirmed "In God we trust" as the official national motto of the United States of America.
2011: The phrase was reaffirmed as the official motto of the United States by The House of Representative, in a 396-9 vote.
President George Washington laid the cornerstone for the Capitol in 1793, at the time when The auspicious Caput Draconis was in Virgo.
The religious imagery in the Rotunda: most obvious in three paintings
The Embarkation of the Pilgrims.
Discovery of the Mississippi.
- Baptism of Pocahontas
References to God and faith placed throughout the building
Rotunda was designed as a tribute to one of Rome’s most venerated mystical shrines: The Temple of Vesta.
The Apotheosis of Washington
In the House chamber:
- There is the inscription, In God We Trust.
- Above the Gallery door, stands a marble relief of Moses.
In the Senate chamber:
- East entrance: the words Annuit Coeptis.
- Southern entrance: the words In God We Trust
In the Capitols Chapel is a stained glass window depicting George Washington in prayer under the inscription In God We Trust.
Religion in America is built primarily on the structure of 3 major faiths: Protestantism, Catholicism, and Judaism.
: Has until recent decades occupied a dominant position in the American society.
Puritanism: Is a radical Protestant group. Consisted of people who believed themselves to be "God's chosen people."
Mainstream Protestantism: includes the Congregationalist Church, the Presbyterian, Lutheran, Episcopal, and Reformed Churches.
of the population named Protestantism as their religious preference.
: Second largest religious group.
identified as Catholics.
Jewish: constitute 2% of population. Jewish frequently encountered hostility and resentment.
Both Catholics and Jews encountered hostility and resentment during the 19th century, due to American society being predominantly white Protestant.