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GIUSEPPE GARIBALDI (WITHOUT answers)
Transcript of GIUSEPPE GARIBALDI (WITHOUT answers)
"We have made Italy, now we must make the Italians"
HERO OF THE TWO WORLDS
THE ROMAN REPUBLIC 1848
~ ... returned home and offered his service to .........., King of ........
~ 1849 defended Rome from ...... attack
~ July 1849 the city fell. Mazzini and Garibaldi fled north
~ Anita, pregnant and sick from malaria, died during the journey north near Ravenna
~ Retreated first to San Marino, then to Liguria but the Piedmontese imprisoned him and he was forced to leave Italy.
~ Born in ...... in ....... from Italian parents. Became a ......
~ 1831 joined ....... movement
~ .... plot to kill ....
~ fled to ...., met his future wife ...
~ involved in revolutionary movements
~ 1834 moved to ...... , commanded the ... . Led red-shirted guerillas against ...
~ ...... returned home
Tuesday, May 6th, 2014
Focal point for patriotic emotion
Five years of exile
America and the Pacific
~ Brilliant military commander
~ Inspired enthusiasm among his men
~ Conquest of the South in .... element of national unification
~ " ....."
~ believed in national unity more than personal success
~ Weakness = .....
~ Mazzini's comment: " ..."
~ First went to Tangiers and the to New York
~ Lived on Staten Island and worked for Antonio Meucci
~ Travelled to South America, lived in Perù
~ in 1853 lived in Newcastle
~ his five years of exile ended on 10 May 1854 and he sailed to Genoa
~ He bought land on the island of Caprera
GARIBALDI AND HIS THOUSAND
4A LL & 4D LL
~ Massimo D'Azeglio
Mazzini and Garibaldi
"Here we either make Italy or die"
~ May .... with .... red-shirted volunteers G set sail for Sicily.
~ King Francis of Naples had .... troops in Sicily.
~ Garibaldi got the support of the .......
~ During the night of 18-19 August landed on the mainland and headed north. King Francis II fled.
~ 7th Sept. GARIBALDI entered ......
The Kingdom of Italy 1861
Garibaldi, Victor Emmanuel and Cavour
- presented the Kingdom of the two Sicilies to .......
- was offered various titles
- refused them
- retired to ....
~ Defeated the Neapolitan army north of Naples,
~ Advanced on Rome
~ Cavour of Garibaldi's popularity, forced Victor Emmanuel to March south
~ 26 October 1861 Victor Emmanuel and Garibaldi met
EXPEDITION AGAINST ROME. STRUGGLE AGAINST AUSTRIA
~ 1862 Campaign against Papal States
~ In June 1862, he sailed from Genoa and landed at Palermo and then went to Calabria
~ Garibaldi and his men were left alone and defeated at the Battle of Aspromonte, where he was wounded.
~ 1866, with support Italian government took part in the Austro-Prussian war
~ he was ordered to stop his advance to Trento.
~ Garibaldi answered with a short telegram with the famous motto: Obbedisco! ("I obey!") .
THE SUCCESSFUL REVOLUTIONARY
HOW IMPORTANT WAS ITALIAN NATIONALISM
To what extent did Italy unite itself? To what extent did it need outside help"
Some historians think Italy "made itself" They stress the importance of Italian nationalism, the role of iedmont, the work of individuals like Cavour and Garibaldi. Others stress the importance of the favourable international situation. Essentially the question asks you to give your opinion. Write two paragraphs saying why the international situation was favourable. Write two paragraphs stressing that the internal situtaion in Italy ensured the unification process. Reach your conclusion and write six-sentence paragraph summarising YOUR VIEWS.
text book p. 129
Early Years and South American Period