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Yang Luciano

on 24 April 2013

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AQUASILVICULTURE PROGRAM In line with its mandate under Republic Act No. 8550 or the Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998, BFAR aims to achieve food security, promote sustainable development of fisheries resources, and reduce poverty incidence among fisherfolk and other disadvantaged groups. The Commission on Higher Education (CHED), on the other hand, is mandated, through Section 8 of Republic Act 7752 (the Higher Education Act of 1994), to identify, support and develop potential centers of excellence in program areas needed of the development of world class scholarship, nation building and national development and direct or redirect purposive research by institutions of higher learning to meet the needs of agro-industrialization and development. INTRODUCTION/RATIONALE
In addition, Section 4 of Republic Act No. 8292, otherwise known as the 1997 Higher Education Modernization Act, State Universities and Colleges (SUCs) through their respective Board of Trustees (BOT) are authorized to develop linkages with other institutions and agencies, both public and private, local or foreign, in furtherance of their purposes and objectives.

The Government of the Republic of the Philippines, through BFAR and CHED in collaboration with the academe and local government units concerned , is implementing the “Philippine National Aquasilviculture Program,” which aims to ensure resource sustainability to attain food security and to alleviate poverty. A Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) has been entered by the BFAR and the CHED to implement the said Program. This Guidelines, therefore, outline specific steps and processes to successfully implement the Program and its components. 1. Afforestation – is the establishment of a forest or strand of trees in an area where there was no forest.
2. Aquasilviculture – an environment –friendly enhanced fisheries production in the wild that involves the growing of fish and other aquatic organisms within a mangrove area without cutting down a single tree.
3. Abandoned, undeveloped or underutilized fishponds (AUU) – Fishpond areas covered by an existing FLA which have been determined jointly by DA, DENR and LGUs concerned as abandoned, undeveloped or underutilized portions after five (5) years from the issuance of the FLA, can be reverted to their original mangrove state and that necessary steps should be made to restore such areas to their original mangrove state. Definitions of terms 4. Beneficiary – one who receives anything as a gift; one who receives a benefit or advantage; esp. one who receives help or income.
5. Bonafide – authentic; genuine
6. Community-based Multi-species hatchery (CBMSH) – an integrated, pro-poor aquaculture program which aims to provide adequate supply of quality, world class yet affordable fishery and aquaculture seeds. 7. Habitat – is an ecological or environmental area that is inhabited by a particular species or animal, plant or other type of organism. It sis the natural environment in which an organism lives, or the physical environment that surrounds (influences and is utilized by) a species population.
8. Hatchery – a system and/or building where fish & other aquatic products are reared through their larval stages. 9. Key Biodiverity Area (KBA) – are sites of global significance for biodiversity conservation. They are identified using globally standard criteria & thresholds, and are based on the occurrence of species from all animals and plant groups.
10. Mangrove propagules- The shoot, seed, fruit or structure of mangrove use to spread or propagate (reproduce).
11. NBATRC – National Brackishwater Aquaculture Technology Research Center
12. Reforestatin – is the natural or intentional restocking of existing forests and woodlands that have been depleted, usually through deforestation.
13. Resource Rehabilitation- as referred to in this guidelines pertains to either the reforested or afforested areas identified as recommended for mangrove planting which are the same areas to be utilised for aquasiliviculture. 1. A National Steering Committee (NSC) shall be created to formulate overall policy directions and guidelines for the development/maintenance of community-based multi-species fish hatcheries, site selection, beneficiaries selection, and such other matters related to the implementation of the project.

1.1 NSC Composition
Convenors: DA-Secretary
Co-Chairs: BFAR Director
CHED Commissioner Implementation strategies Members:
3 BFAR Regional Directors as representatives for Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao;
3 SCU Presidents as representatives for Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao;
BFAR-Asst. Director for Technical Services
DENR-FMB Director 1.2. Meetings
The NSC shall meet at least once every six months. The Chair may also call for a special meeting whenever required.
1.3. All necessary expenses including Honoraria for all NSC Members and the Secretariat, travelling, and daily subsistence allowances shall be charged to the programs funds, subject to the usual accounting and auditing rules and regulations. 2. A Regional Steering Committee (RSC) shall also be created in the region, which will supervise policy implementation and oversee the PMOs. It shall be composed of the BFAR Regional Directors and SUC Presidents or his authorized representative in the Region. The Regional Steering Committee shall prepare the development and management plan for the project. 2.1. Meetings
The RSC shall meet at least once every quarter. The Committee Chair may also call for a special meeting whenever required.
2.2. All necessary expenses including travelling and daily subsistence allowances for all RSC Members shall be charged to the Program funds, subject to the usual accounting and auditing rules and regulations. 3. A Project Management Office (PMO) shall be created to oversee the operation and implementation of the Program in the province, which shall be headed by the BFAR Provincial Fisheries Officer as overall Project Coordinator with the following as members: the authorized representative of the SUC President and the Provincial Agriculturist. The PMO shall conduct periodic monitoring and evaluation of the Projects. And submit quarterly reports to the BFAR Central Office, endorsed by the BFAR Regional Director. It shall also ensure the submission of monthly status reports from the project beneficiaries, which include among others: production data, feed consumption and the other relevant data as may be required by BFAR. 3.1 The PMO, in consultation with the local governments, shall engage the services of a Community Organizer in the project area who shall report to and shall be under the supervision of the PMO. The Community Organizer shall receive the minimum wage rate applicable in the province plus thirty percent (30%) thereof to cover allowances. S/he shall also claim reimbursement for travel, subject to the availability of funds and accounting and auditing rules and regulations. 3.1.1 The Community Organizer (CO) shall be responsible for the following: training, dissemination of information, planting, maintenance and general administration of the site assigned to him/her.

3.1.2 The CO shall promote environment awareness, value formation, team building, gender awareness and related technical aspects in the project implementation; 3.1.3 The CO shall help ensure the appropriate, accurate, and timely payment of financial obligations to project beneficiaries. They shall certify or attest as to the correctness of whatever claims for payment that the project beneficiaries might have in relation to the resource restoration. 4. Capacity Building
The Project shall have a training component for all Community Organizers, Project Coordinators and SUC Coordinators, and Program beneficiaries,. The Regional Steering Committee shall oversee the project’s training component. 4.1. The Community Organizers hired under this program, Project Coordinators and SUC Coordinators shall be provided with following trainings:
Resource protection and rehabilitation;
Aquasilviculture technology;
Community-based hatchery operation and management;
Constituency building;
Leadership and value formation; and
Other appropriate trainings. 4.2. The Program beneficiaries shall also be provided appropriate basic trainings on the following:
a. Resource protection and rehabilitation;
b. Aquasilviculture technology;
c. Community-based hatchery operation and management;
d. Constituency building;
e. Leadership and value formation; and
f. Other appropriate trainings. 4.3. The Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources shall. Within 30 days from the promulgation of these guidelines, prepare the training module for this purpose.
4.4. The BFAR-NBATRC shall be designated as the training center and techno-demonstration hub for the Program. The Center is also tasked to establish satellite training stations, in coordination with the Regional Fisheries Training Centers, for Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.
  5. Participation of other Relevant Government Agencies
5.1. The National and the Regional Steering Committees shall enter into agreements and partnerships with other relevant national, regional and local government agencies in the implementation of this Program. 5.2. Such agreements and partnerships may cover:
a. Joint funding counter-parting;
b. Conduct of training and technology transfer;
c. Research, development and extension;
d. Market development and credit facilitation; and
e. Other relevant support for the implementation of the Program. 6. Resource/Habitat Rehabilitation
6.1 Site Selection/Validation
6.1.1 The Project Management Office(PMO) shall pre-identify priority areas for habitat or resource rehabilitation. This will include:
1. Identified priority key biodiversity areas(KBAs) in the province to be recommended by CENRO/PENRO.
2. Abandoned, undeveloped and underutilized FLA areas as identified in accordance with the Joint Administrative Order on the reversion of AUU FLA areas.
3. Areas identified for reforestation/forestation or covered by the tenurial arrangements by the DENR.
4. Areas covered by co-management agreement between DA, DENR, LGUs. 6.1.2 The sites identified under 6.1.1 shall be validated by the PMO in terms of:
1. Willingness to participate by the community;
2. Technical suitability;
3. Mangrove species thriving in the area; and
4. Accessibility 6.2 Standard Planting Design
6.2.1 Spacing and Design
A standard distance of 1.5m X 2m between mangrove propagules shall be observed, provided that at least 3,000 mangrove propagules should be planted in every hectare of Aquasilviculture
Farm, and that no one more than 30% of the area shall be devoted to aquasilviculture. Suggested layout planting design is illustrated in fig. 1 below.

1 HA 1 HA 1HA
1 HA

Figure 1. Proposed layout /design for mangrove site plantations with area allowance for aquasilviculture 6.2.2 Planting Procedure
Illustrated in Figure 2 is the suggested planting procedure showing the full grown
propagule (Figure 3) 6.3 Budgetary Requirement and Payment Scheme
The standard costs for resource/habitat rehabilitation are s follows:
a. P1.50 per mangrove propagule gathered by the beneficiary ready for planting;
b. P2.00 per mangrove propagule planted with the corresponding support stake with a length of a feet and width of 2 inches
c. P2.50 for each fully grown and live mangrove tree; 6.4 Selection of Beneficiary
The PMO, in consultation with the local government units and the FARMCs shall identify and maintain a list of qualified project beneficiaries guided by the following criteria:
Bonafide resident fisherfolk in the area/project site;
Willing to participate in the Program and abide by the terms and conditions therein;
Preferably, they were identified and included in the list of marginal sector of the DSWD;
  7. Aquasilviculture project
7.1 Site Selection/Validation
Areas identified under 6.1.1 for Aquasilviculture shall be validated by the PMO as to its appropriateness and suitability for such purpose.  
7.2 Standard Size and Design
No more than 30% of the area planted with mangrove shall be devoted to Aquasilviculture. The suggested location, layout, shape and size of aquasilvi farm in relation to the mangrove trees planted are illustrated below as Figure 4. For existing AUU areas, however which could be utilized for aquasilvi farm, the recommended design is also shown in Figure 5. c. Portion of the farm inputs ( seed stocks and feeds)
7.4 Selection of Beneficiary
Those who participate in the resource rehabilitation activity shall be the primary beneficiaries of the aquasilviculture project.
7.5 The commodity species for aquasilviculture production will be determined after the conduct of site suitability evaluation. 8. Community - based Multi-species Hatchery (CBMSH)
The CBMSH is a strategy intended to:
a. Conserve, save and protect eggs of various species that are gravid when capture from the wild;
b. Take advantage of the natural productivity of the environment in the post-larval rearing and nursery of targeted species;
c. Increase the population of targeted species in the wild trough stock enhancement;
d. Utilized the abundant seed supply of targeted species for use in aquaculture. 8.1 Site Selection/Validation
The PMO in collaboration with the SUC shall identify priority hatchery areas based on the following:

8.1.1 Hatchery Options (SUC-based):

a. Existing/Operational Hatchery – shall continue to operate utilizing the project fund to augment the operation giving priority to the multi-species hatchery project;
b. Existing/Non-operational Hatchery – shall be put into operation utilizing the allocated funds with a counterpart funding from SUC as per MOA including manpower complement; c. Non-existing Hatchery- shall be established following the suggested design utilizing fully the allotted funds for the purpose with the counterpart contribution from the SUC as per MOA and by considering the following criteria;
. Required area/Site – not less than 1,000 sq. m. with at least flat/plain terrain
. Availability of unpolluted marine water
. Availability of sea water with stable salinity not lower than 35 ppt.
. Availability of spawners/breeders
. Near aquasilvi production areas
. With existing electricity
. Accessible to land and water transport
. Availability of freshwater for domestic use Suggested Hatchery Design

The suggested design for the CBMHS is shown in Figure 6 below.
Materials to be used in the construction of the community-based
Multi-species hatchery may include the following:

Plastic drum
Fiberglass tanks
Marine plywood
Nipa shingles
Etc. Figure 6. Prototype small –scale Multi-Species Community-Based Marine Hatchery 8.1.2 Hatchery/Nursery Lying-in Concept
This will be done through the introduction or development of a system of collecting gravid target species from fishermen, allowing them to spawn and nurse the larvae in a designed structure under controlled condition, until they reached the stage where they can be released in the natural habitat.
This will be part of the project component funded under CBMSH option to be supervised jointly with BFAR-PMO on a trial-demonstration as basis for technology adaptation and promotion as shown in Figures 7-9. LYING - IN
COMPARTMENT Stock with gravid fish/berried crab NC 1 NC2 NC3 NC4 NC = Nursery Compartment TC 1 TC2 TC = Transition Compartment GROW-OUT
NATURAL SEEDING AQUASILVI FARM Figure 7. Lying – in Hatchery/Nursery Concept (sea based) Broodstock/ Spawning
Tank Larval Rearing Tank Natural Food Tank Nursery Tank/Pond Aquasilviculture site Figure 8. Operational Flow diagram Figure 9. Suggested structural design for lying-In Hatchery
(Marine – Based) 8.2 Budgetary Requirement and payment Scheme
The total amount of 1,200,000 pesos shall be allocated as support for the establishment of individual community-based multi-species hatchery . SUC will provide counterpart funds for the establishment, operation and maintenance of the multi-species hatchery, as provided for under Article 2, Section B, 4 of the Memorandum of Agreement. 8.3 Project Beneficiary SUCs who are signatories to the Memorandum of Agreement shall be the beneficiaries of the community-based multi-species hatcheries. 9. Project Award
The participation of any individual in this project does not provide any additional tenurial right. The existing tenurial arrangement in the area, if any, shall prevail. The award shall be limited to:
a. The nets, post, and other farm inputs;
b. Counterpart labor cost provided by the project in the resource rehabilitation and in the Aquasilviculture components.
c. Initial production inputs for the aquasilviculture
d. The community-based multispecies hatcheries to SUCs 10. Effectivity and Duration
This Guidelines shall take effect immediately and shall be used in the entire duration of t he Philippine National Aquasilviculture Program. Noted and Endorsed:

Director BFAR Commissioner , CHED ANNEX A
Project: Community-Based Multi- Species Natural Hatchery
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