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Worldview of the Middle Ages
Transcript of Worldview of the Middle Ages
Feudalism: the system of political organization during the Middle Ages
Feudalism is a hierarchy were people are born in to their level of the Feudal System.
Feudalism is based on land loyalty and duty.
Nobles swore allegiance to the king for land called manors
The social structure in the Middle Ages was Feudalism
The structure of economy in the Middle Ages was Manorialism
In Manorialism peasants lived in extreme poverty and had no freedom but they did get protection.
Towns were centers for farm communities and were built by castles or monasteries
In towns you could learn a trade and join a guild.
Guilds are associations of craftsmen or Merchants
Their belief was Christianity.
People believed with the help of the church they would go to heaven not hell
Religion was the central part in peoples life
People had to pay a tithe to the church. A tithe is a portion of crops or percentage of earnings payed to the church
Christianity is a religion based on the teachings of Jesus Christ
The Roman Catholic Church was a Hierarchy
The Pope was the Bishop of Rome and the head of the Roman Catholic Church.
The Archbishop and Bishops were senior members of the Christian Clergy.
Priests were ministers of the Catholic Church.
Parishioners were the people who went to the church.
Monistaries are places of learning the teachings of Jesus Christ
Jews were not treated well in Christian Europe and could not be in most professions
Knowledge was held in Monistaries.
Men became monks and went to monastaries. Women became nuns and went to convents
To get knowledge you had to learn it in monastaries.
Only knowledge from religious text and teachings were accepted
The Roman Catholic church held knowledge which was valued highly
The monastaries held all of the knowledge and the monks studied that knowledge
The activities in the middle ages were organized by the rising and setting sun, and change of seasons
Knowing exact time wasn't useful except for church members who needed to know when to pray.
The fall of the Roman Empire affected the way of life for Europe because they were scared and resorted to feudalism and manorialism for protection
They valued the divine right of Kings
The divine right of Kings is that Kings and Queens have a god given right to rule so they swear allegiance and obey not obeying them is a sin.
Loyalty: A strong feeling of support
Allegiance: Loyalty to a superior
Obedience: Following orders, requests, or law.
This is a monastery
Hour glasses and water clocks were then used.