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Mythology

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Ashley Tomlinson

on 11 January 2013

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Transcript of Mythology

by:Ashley Mythology Mythology really means to tell a story. It
originated from two greek words: "mythos"
meaning story and "logos" meaning talk. The Three Main Gods Zeus Where do gods live? Myths have stated that most Goddesses and Gods live on Mt. Olympus. Some may live on earth or in the underworld. Titans live on Mt. Othrys but because they were giants their thrones were the Greek mountains. What is Mythology? God Of: The Sky Symbol: Scales and lighting bolt Sacred Animal: Eagle Here are some Gods and Goddesses Iris Goddesses Gods Athena Aphrodite Artemis Demeter Hekate Hera Hestia Goddesses of: 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8. warfare, wisdom and domestic crafts love and fertility rainbows and messenger to the Gods hunt, nature and birth. harvest wild places and the crossroads. She is
closely associated with magic. marriage and birth. Greek Pantheon 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8. Zeus Poseidon Hades Underworld Apollo Ares Dionysus Hephaestus Hermes Gods of: sun, prophecy, music and healing wine war fire and blacksmiths travelers, merchants, and the messenger for the gods sea sky God Of: The Sea Symbol: Trident Sacred Animal: Horse Are all gods related? Yes, all Greek gods are related in some way, shape or form. Poseidon Hades God Of: The Underworld Symbol: Helm of Darkness Sacred Animal: Ram Monsters and Beasts Cerberus: A three headed Rottweiler
twice the size of a wooly mammoth,
with three heads Cerberusis the hound
of Hades What do the Planets have to do with Greek gods? Manticore: Has a body of a lion, face of a
human and a leathery spiky tail that shoots
out deadly thorns. Sphinx: Monster with the body of a huge
lion and the head of a woman. Huge paws
have claws like stainless steel. Typhon: An enormous monster once
trapped by the gods under a mountain.
Human-shaped with molted green skin,
human hands, the talons of an eagle and scaly,
reptilian legs. These three gods are brothers Goddesses Aphrodite Athena Artemis Demeter Hekate Hera Hestia Iris Here is some information about the origin of greek goddesses names. Fun Fact The stories from Greek Mythology are virtually endless, there are creation stories, popular myths about all the various relationships the Titans and Gods had. There are endless tales of the Hero’s and their interaction with the various Gods, and there are also many myths regarding the Gods interacting with humans. Another Fun Fact The first written evidence of the stories was found in the works of the two most prominent Greek storytellers, Homer and Hesiod, dating as far back as the 7th or 8th century B.C and even though they are as old as they are, they still remain incredibly popular, and are often retold in popular culture using various media. There have been many modern television series that have influences or story lines taken directly from Greek Mythology: some of these include; “Xena Warrior Princess” "Hercules: The Legendary Journeys” “Jim Hensons “Storytellers”
Even more popular are Feature Films that have been made in the last 40 years that use Greek and Roman Myths to make action packed adventures with epic storylines. Many of these are quite mature and not really meant for kids under the age of 14-16, but many were also produced that are directly made for younger audiences. The following is a list of some of these: “Clash of the Titans” (1981) “Clash of the Titans” (2010) “Wrath of the Titans” (2012) “Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Lightning Thief” “The Immortals” “300” “Helen Of Troy” “The Odessey” Since 1962 there have been about 20 different “Hercules” movies made, including a couple of animated Disney movies!
It is also worth mentioning that Greek and Roman mythology have strongly influenced writing in many different forms, everything from “Graphic Novels” and “Comic Books” . Long form Novels and Short stories have also been written in great numbers” How has Greek Mythology effected the media? Her name means foam born or risen from foam as she was birthed from the churning sea. There are several different theories about the origin of her name, one theory of thought says it comes from an ancient word for “safe” and another argues that it means “strong limbed.” Either way the suggestion is that this maiden Goddess has the strength and ability to protect herself from any unwanted attention. Plato believed her name meant "mind of God" whilst others suggest it comes an ancient word meaning “sharp.” Both these words point to Athena's great intellectual ability to see the true nature of a situation and to develop successful strategies. Her name reflects her nurturing personality, some believe that it means Earth Mother in greek
but I disagree because Gaea or "Terra Mater" means Earth Mother. Her name is said to be originated from the Greek word hekas meaning "far off" describing her unworldly, shamanic nature. The meaning of her Goddess name has been lost. One historian claims her name could be connected to the Greek word for seasons hora, suggesting she is ready for marriage. Her name comes from the Greek word estia meaning "she that dwells or tarries." This reflects the importance of the role that the ancient Greeks attributed to this Goddess in sacrificing her position as an Olympian to guard the fire and maintain a happy home. Her name means rainbow in her native language. With the exception of Earth, all of the planets in our solar system have names from Greek or Roman mythology. •Mercury (Hermes) The planet probably received this name because it moves so quickly across the sky. •Venus (Aphrodite) The planet is named after this goddess since it makes a beautiful sight in the sky, with only the Sun and the Moon being brighter. •Jupiter (Zeus) was the King of the Gods in Greek mythology, making the name a good choice for what is by far the largest planet in our solar system
•Mars (Ares) The planet probably got this name due to its red color. •Saturn (Cronus) is the Greek god of agriculture. Cronos was also known as Saturnis, which may be the reason Saturn was named after Cronus •Uranus is the ancient Greek deity of the Heavens, the earliest supreme god. •Neptune (Poseidon), was the Greek god of the Sea. Given the beautiful blue color of this planet, the name is an excellent choice! •Pluto (Hades) Perhaps the planet received this name because it's so far from the Sun that it is in perpetual darkness. Titans Cronus, Rhea, Oceanus, Tethys, Hyperion, Mnemosyne, Themis, Iapetus, Coeus, Crius, Phoebe and Theia. The Titans, also known as the elder gods, ruled the earth before the Olympians overthew them. The ruler of the Titans was Cronus (some say it was Atlas) who was de-throned by his son Zeus. Most of the Titans fought with Cronus against Zeus and were punished by being banished to Tartarus. Olympians
Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hestia, Hera, Aris, Athena, Apollo,Aphrodite, Hermes, Artemis and Hephaestus. The Olympians are a group of 12 gods who ruled after the overthow of the Titans. They are named after their dwelling place Mount Olympus. What is a myth? A myth is basically a story that has not been
proven to be true or false. Myths are usually made
to explain questions that have not been answered. What is the origin of myths? Where and how did the greek myth originate ? There is no one answer, since myths in general serve many different purposes. The first purpose was to explain the unexplainable.
Since the beginning of humankind's existence, myths have functioned as rationalizations for the fundamental mysteries of life, questions such as: Who made the world? How will it end? Where do we come from? Who was the first human? What happens when we die? Why does the sun travel across the sky each day? Why does the moon wax and wane? Why do we have annual agricultural cycles and seasonal changes? Who controls our world, and how can we influence those beings so our lives are easier? have been answered in myths.


The Cyclopes gave Zeus the power over thunder and lightning. Then gave the helm of darkness to Hades and to Poseidon they gave a trident (three-pronged spear). Hades used the helm of darkness to steal away Cronus’ weapons and Poseidon came at him with the trident. The distraction allowed Zeus to strike with lightning, and he downed Cronus. With the defeat of Cronus and the added power of the Cyclopes and Giants, the Olympians were able to defeat the Titans. The Titans who participated in the war, were imprisoned in Tartarus. Atlas was given a special punishment for his role in the war. He was required to hold up the sky. Titans vs. Olympians Zeus grew up on the island of Crete. After he became a young man, he obtained a potion that induced vomiting from a female Titan named Metis. Zeus had his mother Rhea arranged for him to become his father’s cupbearer. He slipped the potion into a drink causing Cronos to spit up his brothers and sisters. The five siblings were so grateful for the rescue that they wanted Zeus to become the leader of the Olympians. Cronos feared the rising power of Zeus. He tried to rally the Titans to join him to defeat Zeus and his siblings. He was not able to get the Titan women to join him. Two of the men, Prometheus and Epimetheus actually joined the Olympians against their fellow Titans. The rest of the Titan men chose Atlas to lead the battle against the Olympians. For ten years, the Titans and the Olympians fought with neither side able to gain a lasting advantage. Gaia advised Zeus to free the Cyclopes and the hundred headed Giants from Tartarus (a place in the underworld) and persuade them to join his side. Zeus went down to Tartarus, killed the monster which guarded the prisoners, and released them. In return for their freedom, the Cyclopes and the Giants became allies with Zeus tipping the scale of power to the Olympians. Hekate is also the goddess of 3
faces: as the day progresses
Hekate grows older. She wakes as a
young girl and and sleeps as an elderly
woman. The End Hope you liked it The End I hope you liked it!
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