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FACTORS INFLUENCING SELF- CONCEPT
kellyolds reynoldson 12 December 2012
Transcript of FACTORS INFLUENCING SELF- CONCEPT
will not be same that you reflect on when you are 40, 60 or 80 years old.
Physical, intellectual, emotional and social changes will effect self-concept over time.
Physical capabilities will change as you experience health, fitness, illness and disability at different points in your life.
In western society older people generally are viewed negatively, this is different for some ethnic groups who value age more. AGE A person's physical features, their clothes and their non-verbal behaviour all influence and express aspects of their self-concept.
How we present ourselves and how we believe other see us is particularly important to us as young adults. As we get older appearance and the way we present ourselves tend to have less impact on our self-concept. Appearance Gender refers to the way ideas about masculinity and femininity are applied to men and women in our society. In western society there are a number of gender stereotypes associated with male and female roles, behaviour, images and general social expectations.
Gender stereotypes do not reflect the reality of most people's lives in British society, they can still shape self-image and self-esteen.
Gender stereotypes can be both positive and negative, e.g can induce guilt, a sense of inadequacy and lack of self-confidence, especially if the person is unable or unwilling to match the stereotype of men and woman in a particular situation. Gender Think about Jared's age?????????? Think about Jared's appearance??????????? Think about Jared's gender????? Ethnicity affects self-concept by influencing people's feelings of belonging to a particular culture or social group.
However it can also lead to people being treated differently, perhaps in an unfair or discriminatory way, and thereby effects their sense of self-worth and self esteem. Think about Jared's culture???????????? Relationships People form different types of relationships at different stages of their life. Family relationships tend to be the most important during infancy and childhood. Friendships become more important through adolescence.
A whole range of new personal and working relationships are formed as the individual progresses into adulthood.
Friendships tend to boost a person's self esteem and self-confidence, and help to develop social skills. Overall, friendships make an important contribution to an individual's emotional and social development and the formation of their self-concept. Think about Jared's relationships??? Abuse Physical, emotional and sexual abuse has a damaging effect on an individuals self-concept, particularly their self-esteem. A person who experiences abuse is likely to develop a negative self-image and lower self-esteem. Lack of self-confidence and self-worth may make the person vunerable to further abuse of self-harm. Consider the abuse Jared may have been subjected too? Family and Socialisation The relationship that an individual develops within their family, school or college and at work will have a powerful effect on their self-concept. Early relationships are built on effective attachments to parents and close family members. The sense of security and feelings of being loved that can develop from these bonds are key ingredients in a positive self-concept. Poor family relationships can have a lasting effect,
lack of confidence
low self worth
poor relationship skills Think about Jared's family unit? Income Income in itself may not have a direct effect on an individual's self-concept. However when people live on a low income compare they lifestyle and opportunities with those on a higher income they may feel they are somehow less valued or less capable. Those with a higher income are often able to purchase items to boost their self-esteem. Think about Jared's income???? Media Television and magazines are often criticised for presenting inappropriate stereotyped images of men and woman, which then readers try and copy. Unattainable body images, wealthy lifestyles are often featured on tv. These media images can affect an individuals body image and self-concept if they believe them to be true or very desirable. Think about the media surrounding Jared??? Education Educational experiences can have a major impact on a person's self concept. Teachers and fellow students can effect our self image and self esteem. At this stage children and young people are very open to suggestions about who and what they are like.
School can be again both positive and negative, leaving some individuals feeling incapable, having a negative view of themselves, their skills and self-worth. What about Jared's education??? Emotional health & Well being An individual will generally become more emotionally mature as they age. Often we can recognise our personal strength and limitations. Emotional maturity and self-knowledge play an important part in an individuals ability to establish and maintain close personal relationships as well as working relationships with other Think about Jared's health and well being?????