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Intercultural Communication and Education

Speech 7 (Intercultural Communication)

Tammy Nguyen

on 28 May 2014

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Transcript of Intercultural Communication and Education

Intercultural Communication and Education
Educational Goal
What is the purpose of education?

We need to think about the educational goals that various cultures establish.
What kinds of knowledge does an Italian need to acquire to succeed in Italian society?
What kinds of things should a South Korean student study to prosper in South Korean society?
What's different about what American student need to study in order to advance in their society?

Studying Abroad
Many students become “International Students’’, by studying in another country.
Many Universities offer study-abroad programs to give theirs students international experiences. However, study-abroad opportunities are not equally available or taken advantage of all students.
As the global economy changes, where students go to study and which language they choose to study also changes.
Example: As China grows economically, the importance of understanding Chinese culture and language becomes increasingly vital.

Culturally Specific Education
Intercultural Communication in Educational Settings
Education is deeply embedded in culture.
Roles for Teachers and Students
Learning Styles
Grading and Power

In the United States, posting grades in this manner would be a violation of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, known as the Buckley Amendment.

Any other social setting, the classroom is embedded with cultural expectations about power relations.
Admissions, Affirmative Action, and Standardized Tests
Debates over university admissions are not new.

The economic importance of university degrees, admissions are important in empowering and disempowering cultural groups.
I.E. The University of Tennessee
Communication, Education, and Cultural Identity
Education itself is an important context for
Education provides
equal opportunities for all students
, but
in the paths that
students follow reflect differing patterns of treatment.
Even teachers who are
not overtly racist may not have received
the kind of education necessary to incorporate materials into the curriculum that reflect the diversity of their students.
Henry Giroux: "despite the
growing diversity of students
in both public schools and higher education, there are
few examples
of curriculum sensitivity to the multiplicity of
economic, social and cultural factors
bearing on a student's educational life."
Social Issues and Education
Many social issues are played out in the educational context and can influence the educational experiences of students.
Education is an important context for intercultural communication, since students and teachers come from a variety of cultural backgrounds and bring a variety of expectations to the classroom.

Educational Goal
Educational goals for different cultural groups are largely driven by members need to know about themselves and their society.
We are all taught to look at the world through our own cultures framework. i.e. English Channel/La Manche
Our education necessarily frames our worldviews and our particular ways of knowing.
Educational Goals

Colonial Educational System
- Schools established by colonial powers in colonized regions. they often forbade the use of native languages and discussion of native cultures.
"in colonial and neocolonial historical situations, a hierarchy of cultural importance and value is imposed by the colonising power, both on the conquered indigenous societies, and on the white agents of colonial oppression themselves."
Educational Goals
Despite the fact that America is a multicultural society with immigrants all over the world our educational experience in the U.S. reflects the colonial legacy of America and not necessarily the different myriad of cultures that compose America.

The different ways students learn in different cultures.
Teaching Styles
The styles that instructors use to teach.
Communication, Education, and Cultural Identity
Cultural Identity
James Loewan:
Lies My Teacher Told Me -
U.S. students are taught about the past by reviewing U.S. history textbooks for high schools.
In 2005, China had
anti-Japanese demonstrations
"Their students
learn history through government-approved textbooks
that are, especially with nationalism rising in all three countries, useful tools in shaping national identities. Since the textbooks require the central government's imprimatur, they
are taken as a reflection of the views of the current leaders
Saudi Arabia
The government has faced significant pressure from both inside and outside the country to change its schools.
indoctrination begins in a first-grade
text and is reinforced and expanded each year
Their religious obligation includes
waging jihad against the infidel to spread the faith.
Social Issues
- "unwanted, aggressive behavior; is repeated" It can include verbal, nonverbal, and cyber communication
Racial Intolerance
- can affect the educational experiences of international students.
In 2005, which country had anti-Japanese demonstrations?
As you watch the world changing, which languages do you think will become more important in the future? Which languages will become less important?

Also relevant to intercultural communication is the historical rise and development of educational institutions geared toward various cultural groups.

Example: The Morrill Act of 1890 established what are today known as HBCUs, or historically Black Colleges and Universities.

Culturally Specific Education
Other educational institutions were established for White Woman(MUW) and Texas Women’s University, and for Native Americans, such as the College of the Menominee and Dine College.

Example: Chartered in 1884, the Mississippi University for Women was “the first state-supported college for women in America.’’

Culturally Specific Education
The effects of education reverberate across generations, because once languages, costumes, traditions, and religions are lost it is difficult, if not impossible, for subsequent generations to recover them.

Discussions have begun over the education of immigrant children. Unlike earlier segregated schools, immigrant children are entering school systems under pressure from the U.S. federal government’s No Child Left Behind Program, which mandates that all students become literate.

Why don't we study Asian history or African history?

Who benefits from studying colonial history? Who is at a disadvantage?
What can create confusion in the classrom?
After watching the short clip from the TV series Malcolm in the Middle. Should grades be private or public information? What act are we violating if grades were posted in public while some exclaim in joy at the scores and others would be comforted by their friends when they saw their scores?
Studying Abroad
"Studying abroad isn't just an important part of well-rounded educational experience. It's also becoming increasingly important for success in the modern global economy. Getting ahead in today's workplaces isn't just about the skills you bring from the classroom. It's also about the experience you have with the world beyond our borders - with people, and languages, and cultures that are very different from our own." -First Lady Michelle Obama, speaking at Howard University January 2011.
Social Issues and Education
In any case, there are some social issues that we should consider as they bear upon intercultural communication.
- Recognize that the educational process reflects cultural power
- Recognize that the structure of educational institutions, as opposed to the people in them, often plays a significant role in the way that power functions.
- Must be willing to point out cultural differences that are creating problems in the educational process.
Be aware!
not everyone shares the same culture and has the same orientation to learning and teaching.
Structured differently within different cultures, one of the most important social institutions for advancement in any society.
"I am convinced that the progress or decline of humanity rest very largely with educators and teachers, who therefore have a tremendous responsibility" - Dalai Lama
Alejandra Anleu

"What I noticed is that we learned things from other cultures. We don't learn about just our own education history. We also learn about other countries in Central and South American as well as European countries and the influences they have had in Latin America."
Admissions, Affirmative Action, and Standardized Tests
Concerns over the value of trying to predict academic success led the president of the University of California to recommend that the SAT no longer be used in admission.

Recently, changes in the student body profile have led some admissions officers to give preference to men over women.

Preferential admissions are not only about racial differences.
Roles in the classroom are part of cultural influences
The expectations of the educational process is a part of our culture.
Assumptions we have concering how your instructors should behave
A. Cultural Differences
B. Language Barriers
C. Different Teaching/Learning Styles
D. All of the Above
Interrupting, asking, and challenging the material.
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