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Climate Factors

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by

Nerdy Donkey

on 8 April 2014

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Transcript of Climate Factors

Climate Factors
Latitude
Elevation
Mountain
Barriers

Ocean
Currents

Six different climate factors that make the world we have today
Water Bodies

Air
Masses

3 Different
Weather Climates
Tropical climates are hot and are located near the equator. This means hot temperature in every season and a lot of moisture. The Equator is hot because sun rays are closer and more direct. The sun is closest to the equator.
Polar Climates are cold and are located near the North and South poles. This means severe winters and cool summers. The North and South Poles are cold because the sun rays are weak and are far away. The sun is the furthest away from the poles
1 orbit = 940 million km's = 365 days

Axis = 1 spin = 24hrs = day and night
Mountain Climate
Mountains change with altitude and
exposure to the sun. One side of the mountain will receive lots of rain and will get wet and the other side will be receiving solar radiation

For example - Vancouver is wet, Calgary is dry
Hot and Cold places on the Earth
The higher you go the less molecules of atmosphere there are. If there are no molecules to absorb the sun's radiation it will be cold. Therefore the higher you go the colder it gets. Anything over 4000m is half the amount of oxygen. Humans can not survive without oxygen tanks over 8000m.

Because one side of a mountain is cold and the other side is hot, being at places like Vancouver you can hit 2 birds with 1 stone by playing golf and go skiing during the same day!
Two Face is like Mountain Barriers because
him and mountains have 2 different sides.
Polar Climate
Temperate Climate
Tropical Climate
Axis and Orbit
Mountain Climate
Places near large bodies of water
do not experience less extreme
temperatures. For example: The
summer will be warm, not blazing hot and the winter will be chilly, not
freezing cold. This is because large bodies of water will absorb heat in the summer and it will release in the winter and the other way around
Maritime Climate
Continental Climate
The Maritime Climate are places near large bodies of water. This climate has a narrow temperature range because of the water. Also, they receive more precipitation. All in all this means warm summers and cool winters.
Continental Climates are places without a large body of water nearby. There is a wide range of temperatures due to the lack of bodies of water. This means hot summers and cold winters
Latitude specifies a location's position relative to the equator
Temperate climates are found in between the equator and the poles. This is our climate and there is a wide temperature range through different seasons unlike the poles which are consistently cold through the year. This means moderate tempurature conditions year round.
The reason why we get seasons is because the Earth is tilted 23.5 degrees on its axis. This means it is more exposed to sun and heat during summer months and there is less exposure to the sun during winter months
The winds of the planet help circulate the water in the oceans. Currents of warm water flow away from the equator. The currents travel along coastlines of continents. While the warm currents are flowing, cold currents flow back to the equator from polar oceans. This can affect coastal temperatures.
Shows the ocean currents throughout the whole world
There are different air pressures around the equator creating different climates. It is created my air moving around. Heated air rises from the equator which creates a region of low pressure. Farther North and South cooler air sinks which creates a region of high pressure.
Desert Climate
Because the equator is more moist and rainfalls are common there; the air move northward and southward. By the time they reach the desert climate they cool down. The descending air is usually dry so rain and clouds are uncommon. This creates a desert climate.
How to survive in a desert climate :)

Coriolis Effect


The Coriolis is a deflection of an object caused by the rotation of the Earth. The Coriolis effect makes hurricanes spin.
By: Daniel Soetikno
7-1
Full transcript