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Crusades Timeline

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Ghada Al sahhaf

on 10 April 2013

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Transcript of Crusades Timeline

The Second Crusade The Fifth Crusade The Sixth Crusade The Seventh Crusade 1187: Saladin begins his call for a holy war against the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.
July 03, 1187: Crusaders march from Sephoria in order to engage Saladin's forces. Crusaders even more miserable because they were tired and thirsty.
1192: Saladin and Richard agreed on a truce. Crusades Timeline 1227: Frederick fell ill and failed to accompany the crusade's fleet when it left Italy

1228: Emperor Frederick II arrives in Cyprus to participate in the Sixth Crusade.

1228 - 1229: The Sixth Crusade is led by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen, King of Jerusalem through his
marriage to Yolanda, daughter of John of Brienne.

March 18, 1229: Frederick II crowns himself king of Jerusalem
April 12, 1229 : A peace treaty formally ends the Albigensian Crusade in southern France. 1247 - Egypt captures Jerusalem.
1249 Nov 20 - Louis leaves queen Margaret in a well fortified Damietta and marches to Cairo.
February 1250- Robert of Artois led a surprise attack on an Egyptian encampment two miles from Mansura. December 1144: Muslim forces who's leader is Zengi recaptured Edessa originally taken by the crusaders.
1145 - 1149 : The Second Crusade is made to regain the territory that was lost to Muslim forces
1147: Second battle of dorylaeum. German crusaders stop at Dorylaeum to rest and are destroyed by Saracens.
May 25, 1148 : Crusaders try to capture damscus but fail. Third Crusade Fourth Crusade 1202: Christian arrive at Venice in the hopes of being transported by ship to Venice, but they don't have the 85,000 marks requiredfor payment.
November 1202: Zara fell and the pope felt terrible about it.
1203: Constantinople fell to crusaders, who had originally come east to save Byzantium.
On April 14, 1204: Constantinople fell to pirate traders and the rusaders, and the greatest city in the world was pillaged by the rank and file, who massacred its inhabitants. 1215: Was launched as an attack on Egypt; was a failure.
May 27, 1218: Crusaders of John of Brienne, king of Jerusalem. lay siege to the city of Damietta; they were outnumbered by 70,000 Muslims. By: Ghada Al Sahhaf and Alina Saif Causes of the Crusades 1. The reason and cause of the crusades was a war between the Christians and the Muslims for the city of Jerusalem and holy places of Palestine.
2. The Christians believed it was a pious and an important war as it was believed that if one did not fight, they would be sentenced for doom in their after-life and would bring shame to their family, community etc. The First Crusade Autumn, 1095- Pope Urban II launched the First Crusade; he called upon fellow Christians to reclaim the Holy City of Jerusalem.
1097- About 40,000 crusaders all together began arriving in Constantinople; most of them were French; the troops soon took over Nicaea.
1098- They routed the Turks at Daryleum.
1099- Seized Antioch. Children's Crusade In 1212, two groups left from France and Germany; but they consisted of only children.
France was led by Stephan of Coyles, a 12 year old shepherd.
It was believed that they would win as their innocence was showed.
Germany was led by Nicholas Reconquista 711: Muslim armies invade Iberia and start pushing inland.
1385: The Portuguese defeat the Castilians in Aljubarrota.
1469: Isabel I of Castile and Fernando II of Aragon are married, which caused the unity of Spain.
1492: The Catholic Monarchs, Isabel and Fernando, take advantage of the last Muslim governors of Spain and complete the Reconquest by taking Granada. Effects of the Crusade 1. The Crusades kept all of Europe in turmoil for two centuries.
2. They cost Christendom several millions of lives.
3. The Crusades were an important part of history.
4. Progressed civilization to a great extent.
5. Major reason for many Christain-Muslim conflicts that are seen in the present era as well. Citations "The Childrens Crusade." Middle Ages. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
Trueman, Chris. "The Children's Crusade." History Learning Site. N.p., 2000-2013. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"Effects of the Crusades." Middle Ages. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"Abrahamic Family Reunion." First Crusade: A Look at the History and Timeline of Events | . N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"Second Crusade." Second Crusade. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"Crusades Timeline." Crusades Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
Littell, McDougal. Ancient World History. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
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