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The Youth Rebellion of the 1960's: positive or negative?
Transcript of The Youth Rebellion of the 1960's: positive or negative?
Hippies and "Flower Children"
Young people questioned American materialism, and cultural/ political norms
The concept of "Free Love"
Experimentation with sex and drugs (marijuana and the newly introduced LSD)
Psychedelic drugs "exand the mind's conciousness" What? The youth rebellion of the 1960's was a time of social uproar in North America. During this era, America was facing many controversial issues including Civil Rights, the Vietnam War, Nuclear Arms, and Non-Conformity. This was also the time period when America was exploring space discovery, and "The Man on the Moon". Unhappy with their current political and cultural standards, American youth began to express their desire for freedom, peace and love. Unwilling to conform, they demanded these rights; and so began the rebellion. How? What is a culture built upon? Language: the ability to receive and convey a message in a manner that your social peers can understand. In the 1960's, music became the leading form of communication. You don't have to have an education to understand music, so it was the perfect medium for rebels to target the government, express their opinions, and influence others through song
Religion: exploration outside of Christian tradition
Values: free love, harmony, peace
Arts: artistic developments reflect the social/ political situation of the times, and greatly influence the attitude of the people (eg. art and architecture in the Renaissance)
In America and Canada, music is one of the largest media influences.
expresses the passion of the artist, and reflects the societal situation of the time Music
Openly expressed alternate lifestyle Positive? Negative? Wars of the 1960's FREEDOM LOVE PEACE HARMONY Politics The movement gained enormous amounts of publicity and popular interest.
Contributed to changes in American culture.
-A willingness to challenge authority, greater social tolerance
-the sense that politics is personal, environmental awareness
-changes in attitudes about gender roles, marriage, and raising children
-The Cuban Missile Crisis (October 1962) – a near military confrontation between the U.S.
and the Soviet Union about the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba.
-After an American Naval (quarantine) blockade of Cuba the Soviet Union under the leadership
of Nikita Khrushchev agreed to remove their missiles in exchange the US would remove its missils
-On October 16, 1964 China detonated its first atomic bomb. China possessed a hydrogen bomb by
1967. President Johnson secretly considered a preemptive strike on China's nuclear facilities, but
then dismissed the idea as too risky. Vietnam War 1961 – Substantial (approximately 700) American advisory forces first arrive in Vietnam in 1961.
1962 – By mid-1962, the number of U.S. military advisers in South Vietnam had risen from 700 to 12,000.
1963 – After the overthrow of the Diem Regime in early November 1963, Kennedy increased the number of U.S. military advisers from 800 to more than 16,000 to cope with rising guerrilla activity in Vietnam.
1964 – In direct response to the minor naval engagement known as the Gulf of Tonkin incident which occurred on August 2, 1964, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, a joint resolution of the U.S. Congress, was passed on August 10, 1964. The resolution gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of military force in Southeast Asia. The Johnson administration subsequently cited the resolution as legal authority for its rapid escalation of U.S. military involvement in the Vietnam War.
1966 – After 1966 with the draft in place more than 500,000 troops are sent to Vietnam by the Johnson administration and college attendance soars. WOODSTOCK Woodstock enabled thousands of middle-class young people to experience the communal spirit. For the first time, these young people felt empowered by their numbers. Politicians and manufacturers in the music and clothing industries took note of the potential of a growing youth market.
Americans were moved by the Vietnam War, racial injustice, fear of nuclear annihilation, and the rampant materialism of capitalist society. Many were inspired by leaders such as John F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King Jr. Masses gathered in the nation's cities to protest what they saw as America's shortcomings.
Many members of the counterculture saw their own lives as ways to express political and social beliefs. Personal appearance, song lyrics, and the arts were some of the methods used to make both individual and communal statements. Though the specifics of the debates were new, arguments for personal freedom, free speech, and political reform go back to the foundations of American society. Four days of generosity, peace, great music, liberation, and expanding conciousness. Four days of self-indulgence, noise, promiscuity, and illegal drug use. The Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961) – an unsuccessful attempt by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba with support from US government armed forces, to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974) – the war was fought between Portugal's military and the emerging nationalist movements in Portugal's African colonies. It was a decisive ideological struggle and armed conflict of the cold war in African (Portuguese Africa and surrounding nations) and European (mainland Portugal) scenarios. Unlike other European nations, the Portuguese regime did not leave its African colonies, or the overseas provinces, during the 1950s and 1960s. During the 1960s, various armed independence movements, most prominently led by communist-led parties who cooperated under the CONCP umbrella and pro US groups, became active in these areas, most notably in Angola, Mozambique, and Portuguese Guinea. During the war, several atrocities were committed by all forces involved in the conflict. MUSIC Prominent political events
1960 – United States presidential election, 1960 – The key turning point of the campaign was the series of four Kennedy–Nixon debates; they were the first presidential debates held on television.
1961 – Newly elected President John F. Kennedy and Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson take office in 1961; Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.
1963 – Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech in Washington, D.C. on August 28.
1963 – President Lyndon Johnson becomes president and presses for civil rights legislation.
1964 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson is elected in his own right, defeating United States Senator Barry Goldwater in November.
1964 – Civil Rights Act of 1964 signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson. This landmark piece of legislation in the United States outlawed racial segregation in schools, public places, and employment.
1964 – Wilderness Act signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on September 3.
1965 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey take office in January.
1965 – National Voting Rights Act of 1965 signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson. Outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the United States.
1968 – U.S. President Richard M. Nixon is elected defeating Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey in November.
1969 – U.S. President Richard Nixon is inaugurated in January 1969; promises "peace with honor" to end the Vietnam War.
The Quiet Revolution in Quebec altered the province into a more secular society. The Jean Lesage Liberal government created a welfare state (État-Providence) and instigated the rise of active nationalism among Francophone Québécois.
On February 15, 1965, the new maple leaf flag was adopted in Canada, after much acrimonious debate known as the Great Flag Debate.
In 1960, the Canadian Bill of Rights becomes law, and Universal suffrage, the right for any Canadian citizen to vote, is finally adopted by John Diefenbaker's Progressive Conservative government. The new election act allows first nations people to vote for the first time. Influential artist of the time...
Janis Joplin Overall, the youth rebellion was Hippies considered the governing culture, “The Man”, as a corrupt, close-minded entity that implemented unjustifiable control over most peoples’ minds and their lives. The Hippie opposition to “The Man” spread around the world to Canada and some parts of Europe.
They held many protests to end the war in Vietnam.
Hippies did not follow the teaching of their elders
vast majority from wealthy middle-class families and ran away for multiple different reasons; (rejected their parents ideas, wanted to get away, or were an outcast and thought they’d fit in with the Hippies.)
Sexual promiscuity -"swingers".
The introduction of the birth control pill gave many adults and teenagers the freedom to experiment with sex without the fear of pregnancy. (praised among females.)
marijuana, LSD, and cocaine were easily accessible... risky drug behavior in order to achieve a euphoric state of mind. Overdose was common
known for their love and compassion for others.
The 1960's were a time or racial divide among Americans, schools were segregated and people of different races had an unconcealed hate for one another. As for hippies, because they believed in love and peace, they would accept everyone regardless of race, faith, or sex.
helped end segregation, which is why many took part in historic movements such as the March on Washington.
The hippy culture in the 1960’s protested the war and support the black power and feminist movements.
The hippy movement got away from main stream society
promoted individuality HIPPIES