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Skin Diseases & Disorder

For Anatomy & Physiology
by

Jenny Jeong

on 31 October 2012

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Transcript of Skin Diseases & Disorder

Skin Diseases & Disorders By: Jasmin, Jenny, Mariana Integumentary Disorders Irritation by external substances Athlete's foot Corns and Calluses -Infection by virus, bacteria, or fungus
-Cancer of the skin
-Pigmentation of the skin
-Irritation of the skin by external substances Signs/Symptoms:

- Fair colored skin
Absence of color in the hair, skin, or iris of the eye
Lighter than normal skin and hair
Patchy, missing skin color Signs and symptoms of athlete's foot include:
•Peeling, cracking, and scaling of the feet
•Redness, blisters, or softening and breaking down of the skin
•Itching, burning, or both Albinism Athlete's foot is caused by a microscopic fungus that lives on dead tissue of the hair, toenails, and outer skin layers. The most common fungi causing this infection is trichophyton rubrum. Athlete's foot is treated with topical antifungal medication in most cases. Severe cases may require oral drugs. The feet must be kept clean and dry since the fungus thrives in moist environments. Sources "Leprosy Symptoms, Treatments, History, and Causes." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/guide/leprosy-symptoms-treatments-history?page=2>. What Is It? Irritant Dermatitis Hypopigmentation; Albinism is a genetic condition which causes people who are born with albinism to have little to no pigmentation in eyes, skin, and/or hair. Symptoms:
Corns and calluses are usually thick, hardened, flaky and dry. Causes of Corns and Calluses:
They're usually caused by exposing the skin to constant pressure or friction. They form to protect your skin from the rubbing, and are not a serious condition. The main symptoms of leprosy are:
Disfiguring skin sores, lumps, or bumps that do not go away after several weeks or months.
The skin sores are pale-colored.
Nerve damage that can lead to loss of feeling in the arms and legs and muscle weakness.

Symptoms can appear 20 or more years later after coming into contact with the leprosy-causing bacteria. Leprosy Treatment:
Usually, preventing friction is the only treatment needed. This means changing to shoes that fit properly or wearing gloves. A pumice stone can be used to gently wear down the corn, or a donut-shaped corn pad can be used to protect the skin. If an infection or ulcer occurs in the area of the callus or corn, unhealthy tissue may need to be removed. Other Symptoms:
- Vision problems or functional blindness (not correctable with eyeglasses)
"legally blind"
crossed eyes (strabismus)
light sensitivity (photophobia)
rapid eye movements (nystagmus) Leprosy is caused by a slow-growing type of bacteria called Mycobacteriumleprae.
Leprosy is also known as Hansen's disease. Treatment:
Antibiotics are used to treat the infection, usually from six months to a year. People with severe leprosy may need to take antibiotics longer.
Anti-inflammatory drugs are used to control swelling related to leprosy.
Thalidomide (a medication that suppresses the body's immune system) helps treat leprosy skin nodules. Causes of Disorder:
Type 1 albinism is caused by defects that affect production of the pigment, melanin.
Type 2 albinism is due to a defect in the "P" gene. People with this type have slight coloring at birth.
Other diseases or disorder could cause localized albinism (partial dispigmentation) Corns are thickened skin on the top or side of a toe. Calluses are thickened skin on your hands or the soles of your feet. "Leprosy Symptoms, Treatments, History, and Causes." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/guide/leprosy-symptoms-treatments-history?page=2>. "Skin Fungal Infections: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/guide/fungal-infections-skin>. Symptoms:
Dermatitis caused by an irritant may cause burning or pain. Irritant dermatitis often shows as dry, red, and rough skin. Cuts (fissures) may form on the hands. Skin may become inflamed with long-term exposure. Treatment:
Moisturizers help keep the skin moist, and also help skin repair itself. They protect the skin from becoming inflamed again. Ointments may reduce inflammation. Causes:
Irritant dermatitis is caused by exposure to a material to which you have become extra sensitive or allergic. Treatments:
There is not a definite cure for albinism.
The treatments are only to relieve the symptoms caused by albinism.
-sunscreen, sunblock, special UV-proof clothing to prevent pre-mature aging and/or skin cancer
-glasses, bifocal glasses, dark glasses, and/or eye muscle surgery are some of the treatments for eye problems
Connie Chiu is the first albino supermodel known to have worked with fashion giant Jean Paul Gaultier
"Albinism / Hypopigmentation / Albinos." Medindia. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/how-can-albinism-be-treated.htm>. "What Is Albinism?" NOAH —. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. <http://www.albinism.org/publications/what_is_albinism.html>.
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