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Prison Compare and Contrast
Transcript of Prison Compare and Contrast
"Homicide Trends in the U.S." Bureau of Justice Statistics. Bureau of Justice, n.d. Web. 1 Dec.
"Statistics on Women Offenders." Corrections.com. The Corrections Connection, n.d. Web.
1 Dec. 2012. <http://www.corrections.com/news/article/30166-statistics-on-women-
<a href="http://law.jrank.org/pages/1249/Gender-Crime-Similarities-in-male-female-offending- rates-patterns.html">Gender and Crime - Similarities In Male And Female Offending
Rates And Patterns</a>
• “Prisoner Abuse: How Different Are US Prisons?” http:/www.hrw.org/news/2004/05/13/prisoner-abuse-how-
• Fleischer, Matthew “The Good News About Prison Rape”
• Glaze Lauren E. ; James, Doris J. “Mental Health
Problems of Prison and Jail Inmates” http://www.bjs.gov/
• Bedard, Laura E., Ph.D. "Female vs. Male Inmates: The Rewards and Challenges of Managing Both."
CorrectionsOne.com. CorrectionsOne, 2012. Web. 10 Dec. 2012. Both:
Beaten with fists and batons, stomped on, kicked, shot, stunned with electronic devices, doused with chemical sprays, choked, and slammed face first onto concrete floors by the officers
Nearly 1 in 10 inmates in America sexually assaulted in custody out of prison population of 2.3 million
Both (especially women) face staff rape and sexual abuse.
Correctional officers will bribe, coerce, or violently force inmates into granting sexual favors, including oral sex or intercourse
Ex: Fluvanna Correctional Center for Women, a maximum-security state prison in Troy, Virginia: 1,200 women confined there
6.0 percent said they’d been sexually abused by staff Treatment of Prisoners by Guards
Nearly a quarter of both State prisoners and jail inmates who had a mental health problem, compared to a fifth of those without, had served 3 or more prior incarceration
Jail inmates who had a mental health problem who had received treatment since admission:
State Prison:1 in 3
Federal Prison: 1 in 4
Local Jails: 1 in 6
72% suffer from two or more mental health disorders
Tend to externalize stress produces more physical aggression and combative behavior
Mental Health Female Comparison: Males and females are more likely to kill males than females.
Homocide rates for both are relatively low
Men are ten times more like to commit homicide and are also more likely to be killed
Females are 6 times more likely to be victims of homicide by their spouse Homicide Comparison:
Both males and females seem to enjoy conjugal visits ;) Visitation by Gender Gender and Prison Bureau of Justice Statistics records from adult and juvenile facilities at State and local levels.
more than 8,000 male, female, and juvenile inmates reported being victims of sexual violence while incarcerated.
There is no definite statistics of rape among prisoners because of the fact that many are too fearful to report it. 70% suffer from two or more mental health disorders
Tend to internalize stress
may explain engagement in self-harming behavior (i.e. cutting, carving and burning)
More frequent suicide attempts
Use medical/mental health services more than 2x rate of male inmates
Female inmates had higher rates of mental health problems than male inmates:
State prisons: 73% of females; 55% of males
Federal prisons: 61% of females; 44% of males
Local jails: 75% of females; 63% of males Male Both Prison Rape http://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/200910/women-in-prison?page=2 women are less likely to act out or escape, because many women have children at home women are more likely to commit smaller offenses (drugs, prostitution) than larger ones (murder, robbery), and the increase in incarceration has to do with more laws on drugs The living conditions at a women's prison are somewhat more pleasant, but there is often a shortage of programs. Women's prisons are usually less security-conscious. Neither the inmate code nor the hidden economy is well-developed. Rather than form gangs, women tend to create pseudofamilies, in which they adopt various family roles -- father, mother, daughter, sister -- in a type of half serious, half play-acting set of relationships. Some of these roles, but not all of them, involve homosexual relationships. http://www.d.umn.edu/~jmaahs/Correctional%20Continuum/Online%20Readings/prison%20gangs_decker.pdf Gray and other scholars argue that men and women respond to stress differently as well. Men tend to externalize stress, which in prison produces more physical aggression and combative behavior.
Women tend to internalize stress, which may explain why female inmates engage in self-harming behavior such as cutting, carving and burning; women have more frequent suicide attempts and use medical and mental health services at more than twice the rate of male inmates. Female inmates also form surrogate families while incarcerated. (These families are for social more than sexual contact, although sexual relations can be a part.) Such families are not seen in male facilities.
Males may bond as teams, which can manifest as gang activity either formal (Crypts, Bloods, MS13) or informal (by geographic location, racial or ethnic background or common criminal activity). “I have found females to have intense personal issues. [The women] know they need to rehabilitate if they want to see their children again. This is a motivator for change.”
Arnold recognizes the emotional needs of female inmates as well. She recalls that through their incarceration, many female inmates find out who they are for the first time in their life because they are not being abused; they do not have a john or a pimp lurking around the corner waiting to use or abuse them.
Male inmates, on the other hand, have to prove themselves. They are hostile and often blame others for the situation in which they find themselves. And of course, Arnold said, they are rarely open to accepting help.
“The male ego often gets in the way with making progress in prison,” Arnold said. “Men view seeking change as an admission that something is wrong. That admission shows weakness, which is something you do not want to do in prison.”
The warden’s experience suggests that violence, hostility and drugs are more prevalent with the male population. She finds working with female inmates to be easier and more rewarding. https://www.ncjrs.gov/spotlight/wgcjs/facts.html http://www.correctionsone.com/corrections/articles/1843155-Female-vs-male-inmates-The-rewards-and-challenges-of-managing-both/