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Hofstede's Dimensions of Culture

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Iqra Butt

on 23 October 2012

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Transcript of Hofstede's Dimensions of Culture

Hofstede's Dimensions of Culture Morocco Individualism Vs. Collectivism Index (IDV): the extent to which people are able to make their own decisions based on education, job etc. Morocco and Canada have similar scores for MAS According to the graph, Morocco's UAI is fairly high
(which means that they cannot deal well with change), with a score of 68.
Morocco’s UAI is high because: When comparing Morocco and Canada by looking at their PDI, we can see the differences in scores, with Morocco having a 70 and Canada obtaining a 39. The PDI's are different because: Canada’s PDI is quite low, with a score of 39. Canada’s PDI is low because: Hofstede's five cultural dimensions Seeing the data provided, we can see Morocco's PDI is quite high, and has a score of 70. Morocco's PDI is high because: Canada's culture is marked by interdependence among its inhabitants. Everyone is looked as an equal, there is a lack of status and/or class distinctions in the society. Morocco has a hierarchy society
Canada is democratic, everyone is equal Morocco is considered a collectivistic society. Which means a giving a group priority over each individual in it. The society fosters strong relationships where everyone takes responsibility for fellow members of their group. Canada has an individualistic culture. This means Canada is loosely-knit society in which the expectation is that people look after themselves and their immediate families. Canadian culture is more change accepting. This way new ideas, innovative products and a willingness to try something new or different, are easily accepted. Whether it be something connecting to technology, business practices, or consumer products. Morocco has a very high preference for avoiding changeable things. In masculine countries people “live in order to work”, managers are expected to be decisive and assertive, the emphasis is on equity, competition and performance and conflicts are resolved by fighting them out. Canadians strive to attain high standards of performance in both work and play. Canadians also tend to have a work-life balance and are likely to take time to enjoy personal pursuits, family gatherings and life in general. Iqra Butt
Mr Hirji
October 22,2012.

Orientation (LTO): the degree of which cultures value long and short term goals Power Distance Index (PDI): measures the difference in
power between people Morocco is a hierarchical society. This means that people accept an order in which everybody has a place and needs no other justification. Canadians earn statuses, whereas citizens of
Morocco are either born with a status, due to wealth or past generations. Canada's IDV has quite a high score of 80. Canada's IDV is high because: As we cam see Morocco's IDV at a low score of 25. It is this low because : Masculinity Vs. Femininity Index (MAS): masculinity
(high score) refers to the degree of which a culture values
assertiveness, competitiveness, accumulation of material
goods and femininity (low score) refers to which cultures
value nurturing, family, relationships and social support
system Uncertainty Avoidance Index (UAI): the way cultures
adapt to change When comparing the two scores, we can see they are different For Canada, in the business world, employees are expected to be self-reliant and display initiative. Also, within the exchange-based world of work, hiring and promotion decisions are based merit or evidence of what one has done or can do. Whereas in Morocco, everyone takes responsibility for fellow members of their group. In collectivist societies offense leads to shame and loss of face, employer/employee relationships are perceived in moral terms (like a family link), hiring and promotion decisions take account of the employee’s in-group, management is the management of groups. Canada’s UAI is fairly low, with a score of 48
Canada’s UAI is low because: When comparing the different UAI scores, we can see they are different because: Canadian culture is not rules-oriented, Canadians are also open to new ideas or opinions from anyone and allow the freedom of expression. For Morocco, there is an emotional need for rules, time is money, people have an inner urge to be busy and work hard, precision and punctuality are the norm, innovation may be resisted, security is an important element in individual motivation. CANADA'S ORIENTATION
(LTO) Canada's LTO has a score of 23, and it quite low.
Canada's LTO is low because: Canada is short-term oriented culture.
It is a culture focused on traditions
A Canadian business entity measures performance on a short-term basis, with profit and loss statements being issued on a quarterly basis.
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