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Modeling Expert Thinking

teaching students how to think through modeling

Rosanne Kavanagh

on 12 September 2012

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Transcript of Modeling Expert Thinking

do adults just bark the command several times until the baby starts clapping? How do babies learn to clap hands? Of course not! Most likely your mother, father, sister or brother taught you by demonstrating how it is done. Do we assume that they will know how to learn because they are school aged? So why is it that when children go to school, we stop demonstrating how to do things? they need to be taught how to think. As teachers we show them a process for writing, reading and sounding out words, but very rarely do we show them how to think. Whatever the case may be, students need models. When teachers do this we call it modeling and it is very effective for cognitive and metacognitive tasks. Research shows that students learn more
when they have the opportunity to listen to
how the teacher thinks and solves the problem. Modeling includes:
naming the task or strategy
explaining when it is used
using analogies to link new learning to familiar information. Some indicators to look for during teacher modeling include:
Naming a strategy, a skill, or a task
Stating the purpose of the strategy, the skill or the task
Using "I" statements
Demonstrating how the strategy, the skill or the task is used
Alerting learners about errors to avoid
Assessing the usefulness of the strategy or skill Researcher have found it helpful for teachers to watch one another model thinking aloud and talk about how it felt, both as the model and the observer Benefits of modeling for your students:
regular use builds students' familiarity with skills they can use to understand content.
students develop good habits for problem solving and critical thinking
modeling gives students examples, not recipes, to follow <iframe width="960" height="720" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/02fFFjmp7Gc?rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>
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