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Marxism and the Crucible
Transcript of Marxism and the Crucible
Parris Oppresses the weak to maintain his status thomas putnam Removing people who are causing threats to his position of power ultimately, those who refute this nature are punished! Bourgeoisie Proletariat The owners of production The labourers who produce wealth for owners Reflectionism How literature reflects its society and time period (and vise versa) Interpellation proletariat (lower class) is manipulated to accept the ideology of the bourgeoisie (higher class) Material Circumstance Historical Situation The economic conditions underlying a society Atmosphere created
by materical circumstances Commodification Valueing materials for reputation, not usefulness arx Carl Karl Marx, born in 1818, is a 19th century German philosopher and economist, whose thoughts and ideas formed Marxist theory. Judge Danforth The Proletariat Misuses name of God to gain personal wealth “prove to [the court] that you can faint by your own will.”(107) “I forbid her go, and she raises up her chin like the daughter of a prince and says to me, ‘I must go to Salem, Goody Proctor; I am an OFFICIAL OF THE COURT!’” (52) Willingness to revolt against master in her desire for power. “You are God’s instrument put in our hands to discover the Devil’s agents among us, [...] to help us cleanse this village” (46) Not afraid to accuse other well respected townspeople of Salem “do you know that near to four hundred are in the jails from Marblehead to Lynn, and upon my signature?" (87) “therefore, what is left for a lawyer to bring out?” (100) Abigail convicts the innocent to keep his reputation
Tituba Mary Warren Those who do not want power ignores evidence to keep himself in power twists the law to benefit himself in keeping position “Oh Mary, this is a black art to change your shape, No I cannot, I cannot stop my mouth, It’s God’s work I do (115)” any accusations she makes of witchcraft are legitimized Although Abigail is originally a proletariat, Is Mary Warren really at fault for her actions? Which one is ultimately more important: one’s morals/beliefs or one’s life? to live in integrity and die, or to live but break your integrity? do you think her morals are any different from a bourgeois? Can power ultimately coexist in harmony with morality? “So it is not surprising to find that so many accusations against people are in the handwriting of Thomas Putnam, or that his name is so often found as a witness corroborating the supernatural testimony” (15) Just because there are no consequences, does it mean one should commit an immoral act? What does Putnam ultimately want and what Marxist ideal arises from this? John Proctor Giles Correy Arthur Miller “There are many others who stay away from church these days because you hardly mention God any more”(29) Hanged, for he does not succumb to the thirst for power in this puritan society. “He would not answer aye or nay to his indictment; for if he denied the charge they’d hang him surely, and auction out his property. So he stand mute, and died christian under the law” (135) Abandons his opportunity for power over Putnam for the sake of his friend. 4 Corners Communism is ultimately the solution to capitalism. Humanity’s escape from power hungriness always results in something bad Saving one’s own life justifies any course of action. We cannot escape our innate desire for power. "I don't believe a man has to become an informer in order to practice his profession freely in the United States.” shows his contempt to those who fake their actions and submit to immorality just to obtain the power/position desired