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Aboriginals and the Metis
Transcript of Aboriginals and the Metis
Cultre Metis European: Aboriginal: Many spoke French Knew at least
1 Aboriginal language Knew many languages Knew many languages http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/818.html Way of life Buffalo hunts for food Live in tents and wooden huts Buffalo hunt European clothing Hunt on horses Hunt using guns Live near the red river settelment or Winnipeg, Manitoba Buffalo Hunt Metis Occured once
a year Preparations like getting weapons, choosing 10 captains were made every hunter had to obey the captain's rules on how to kill buffalo Horses were used with
Red River Carts
because of their speed Buffalo meat and carcasses cut to be dried to form pemmican Pemmican important trading good Pemmican goes years without going bad gaining settlers' interest Buffalo or bison extremely important Metis depended on buffalo fur survival Without buffalo, Metis would starve without meat or carcasses Without buffalo, no pemmican Without pemmican, less money Without money, difficult to buy other food Situation has occured where Metis had sparse buffalo This occurred in 1885, in Saskatchewan Settlers were arriving and Metis losing more and more buffalo Which led to
North-West Rebellion Battle of Fish Creek One of many North-West Rebellion battles Red River Cart The Metis way of travelling with either a horse or ox at front for movement, usually ox Made entirely of wood, used before Underground Railroad Carried buffalo meat, garments, furs, and more Made a lot of noise!! Sounded worse than nail screeching chalkboard when moving HUGE FLAW Loud noises frustrated
Metis using cart Fun Facts over 500 Red River
carts can be seen
together, Many carts
like train Wheels of cart can be taken off to float over water Oxen's used for
because of strength, strongest animal for Metis usage Ox can carry
450 kg Wheels exactly 2m apart, perfect for preventing cart to tip Fort Garry
1863 Famous york boats Use of Travelling Awesome Trading York Boats Boats used to
ravel supplies These boats used to travel to Manitoba and Saskatchewan When in Saskatchewan and Manitoba, fur trade done York boats used along Red River easy to go to and from Manitoba to Fort Garry or Saskatchewan to Fort Garry. Many goods can be
of different lands The Red River
Rebellion!! One of the two major rebellions This rebellion was beginning of Metis struggles It all began with settlers wanted to live in west Settlers had
Bay Company This company had control over fur trade when Canada wanted it, so Canada took them over Settlers hopes rose especially the Orange Order Orango Order are gruop of people hating Metis and Aboriginals Louis Riel,
of the Metis Settlers thought having
HBC meant easy to get
to west He got frightened, made provisional government took Fort Garry Provisional Government gave Metis control, no havoc Helped Metis take Fort Garry, the real rebellion now begun! John A. Macdonald, governor of Canada Didn't know how to stop Metis Britain controlled North-West Territories, Metis didn't break laws Treaty for North-West Territories not signed Military force couldn't be sent to fight Riel because middle of winter Military force would have to travel from Ottawa to North-West Territories, very far no railway Manitoba born in 1870 100 000 settlers now could move west to Manitoba They want to get to west, and this will help great news for Macdonald trying to answer settlers wishes Controlling Manitoba meant Metis land couldn't be taken lots of land metis they couldn't be imprisoned or given punishment One year ago, Louis Riel sent Canadians to prison anyone coming to Fort Garry imprisoned 12 men escaped, one being Thomas Scott Biggest mistake of Riel's life He shot Thomas Scott, March 4, 1870 You'll know why this mistake was so terrible afterwards Manitoba men fought Metis for death of Thomas Scott Settlers, all Canadians were depressed of Scott death Riel fled to USA North-West Rebellion Settlers began arriving in 1885
to Saskatchewan Metis starving from lack of buffalo, more settlers made it worse Metis afraid of losing land, after losing Red River Metis sent letters asking for help, with agriculture, ignored desperate needs not answered, began rebellion Louis Riel called, came from USA Riel captured Batoche, when returned forming other provisional government John A. Macdonald better position than Red River Rebellion Macdonald had soldiers in 1873 close to Batoche CPR almost complete, soldiers could fight Riel from far Macdonald attacked Metis quickly Louis Riel sensed danger coming uh-oh Gabriel Dumont appointed for guerilla tactics Guerilla tactics are ambushes and attacks Massacre at Frog Lake Cree fought Canadians, not Metis, surprising Metis Guerilla tactics used by Dumont police attacked 20km from Batoche more soldiers arrived after first attack, both sides fled Battle of Fish Creek Battle of Cut Knife battle by cree not Metis soldiers surrounded soldiers forced to evacuate Battle of Batoche!! The battle to end all battles The end of the rebellions Who will win? The Canadians again or the Metis!? Louis Riel frustrated of Gabriel Dumont Guerilla tactics ended, and an all-out battle occurred 1200 men fought for their lives in Batoche 300 Metis............and 900 Canadians Within three days, the battle was over, Metis lost Louis Riel died on November 16,1885
from being hanged by Magistrate Richardson
allowed by Macdonald Louis Riel arrested and Dumont fled to US A sad ending for the Metis Their lives must have been difficult
in years to come All these pictures demonstrate
the Metis Way of Life Thank you, goodbye!