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Berlin Wall Project

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by

Dan Stevens

on 21 May 2013

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Transcript of Berlin Wall Project

The Berlin Wall The Cold War Symbol Communism Capitalism What was the reason for the erection of the wall? Which individuals were involved? Bibliography Which countries were involved? 1961. East German government built a wall separating East Berlin and West Berlin.
It was built to slow down the flow of East Germans into West Germany, searching for a better life .
It was 42 miles long, and was heavily fortified with armed border guards. Impact The Berlin Wall was erected in order to keep the citizens of the east from fleeing from the tyrannical communism to the west side. Walter Ulbricht(Germany)- General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany who ordered the erection of the wall
Erich Honnecker(Germany)- The secratary for the Central Comittee of security matters who supervised the construction of the Berlin Wall
Dean Rusk(US)- American Secretary of State called the Berlin wall a “flagrant violation” of East-West agreements. He said that there would be a vigorous protest to Russia
Ronald Regan(US)- President of the United States who tore down the Berlin Wall
François Mitterrand (France)- The French president who had anxieties after the fall of the wall and the reuniting of Germany
Nikita Khrushchev (USSR) Soviet premier who gave permission to the East German government to close the borders and stop the flow of traveler. Works Cited"Berlin Wall." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 08 May 2013.

Croan, Melvin. "Berlin Wall." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2013. Web. 6 May 2013.

Duiker, William J., and Jackson J. Spielvogel. World History. Fifth ed. Boston, MA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2007. Print.

Leach, Ben. "Britain and France 'feared fall of Berlin Wall.'" The Telegraph [Britain] 10 Sept. 2009: n. pag. The Telegraph. Web. 8 May 2013.
<http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/margaret-thatcher/6166487/Britain-and-France-feared-fall-of-Berlin-Wall.html>.
Raichelle, Allen. "The Berlin Wall: Another Controversy Erupts: Overview." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO,2013. Web. 6 May 2013.Ratnesar, Romesh.

"Regan's Speech that Ended the Cold War." Time Magazine 9 Nov. 2009: n. pag. Print. The Berlin Wall was a wall built by the German Democratic Republic, the Soviet Satellite state in East Germany. It was built to prevent East Germans from emigrating to West Germany, for the purpose of separating Eastern Europe and Western Europe. Construction The building of the Berlin wall separated many families in different parts of Europe.
It was also hated by both sides of Germany, because the East and West people wanted to unite, and the wall prevented this.
The Western, Capitalist powers were also concerned by the Wall, because they were worried about what would happen if the Soviet Union had control of Eastern Europe, and were further scared because of the efforts of the U.S and Great Britain to warn people of communism.
The wall represented the struggle between capitalism and communism. From the capitalist point of view, the Berlin wall was a sign of the Soviet's attempt to dominate Eastern Europe, and the US didn't want this to happen because it followed the domino effect, which claimed that communism would slowly spread, knocking one country down after another, like a domino, so the US and Great Britain introduced policies to slow the spread of communism. West Germany was known as the Federal Republic of Germany The Soviets supported their Satellite state, the German Democratic Republic building the Berlin Wall, because they claimed it was to build a Socialist State in Germany and separate the free side from the Communist side, but it was truly so that they could assert their dominance in Eastern Europe without Western Interference. Soviet Union
France
Germany
United States
Great Britain Why is it considered a symbol of the Cold War? It was a physical representation of the Iron Curtain. It represented the division of Eastern Europe and Western Europe, of capitalism and communism.
The Western Powers were alarmed at this, because it was a Soviet attempt to consolidate their power in Eastern Europe, which the Western powers responded to with many policies that had a deliberate attempt to combat the spread of communism.
These were the roots of the cold war, because it separated communism and capitalism, and caused them to be much more hostile to one another, and bring the US and Russia to the brink of war What Impact did it have on Germany and the German People? Before, many people who wanted to escape the communist rule and free themselves for better life, simply crossed over to West Berlin. Soviets, who did not want the emigration of the Germans, built a wall to block them. Germany was divided into two big sections, one free and another under strict rules of Communism. The escape became very difficult and many lost lives trying to cross over the wall. Around 200 lost lives, shot by the border guards. The people were divided in two and both East and West Berlin people detested the wall. West Berlin wanted the people from East to be able to escape and join them, and East Berlin wanted to free themselves from Communism. Nationalism rose as Soviets took control with the wall. when the wall was destroyed in 1989, both sides eagerly dismantled the wall and it symbolized the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe.
It also separated many families who were in different parts of Europe, by creating a border between Eastern Europe and Western Europe.
The isolation allowed East Germany to build a strong economy. Walter Ulbricht Erich Honnecker
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