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Learning Styles & Procrastination

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Isabel Herrmann

on 30 March 2017

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Transcript of Learning Styles & Procrastination

What is Procrastination?

“Procrastination is a complex psychological behavior that affects everyone to some degree or another. With some it can be a minor problem; with others it is a source of considerable stress and anxiety. “
(Student Academic Services, Academic Skills Center, Cal Poly )
Which Type of Procrastinator Are You?
The ones who just have this bad habit and do not know how to resolve or control it
The ones who just wait until the last minute because they thrive on the adrenaline rush, believing that they do better in cramming
Procrastination is the thief of time.
— Edward Young (1683-1765)

“If you love life, then do not squander time, for that is the stuff that life is made of.”
— Benjamin Franklin

Physiological Definition

Psychological Definition
- implies that this kind of procrastination can be caused by lower self-esteem developed by an individual, due to the anticipated poor outcome for their assignments

How to Avoid procrastination
Learn to focus on small tasks
“Nobody is Perfect”
Periodic Assessment
Establish a deadline
Set SMART goals

Student Success Center
Learning Style and Procrastination

Thank you!
Learning Styles
Characteristics of Auditory Learner
- learn by hearing and listening.
- understand and remember things you have heard
-store information by the way it sounds, easier to understand spoken instructions
- often learn by reading out loud

As an auditory learner, you probably hum or talk to yourself or others if you become bored. People may think you are not paying attention, even though you may be hearing and understanding everything being said.
Tips for Auditory Learners
Sit where you can hear.
Make sure your hearing is not obstructed.
Use flashcards to learn new words; read them out loud.
Read stories, assignments, or directions out loud.
Record seminars, yourself, or watch videos with sound.
Have test questions read to you out loud.
Study new material by reading it out loud.
Group study and have others read aloud to you.
Characteristics of Visual Learners
- learn by reading or seeing pictures
- understand and remember things by sight
- picture what you are learning in your head
- like to see what you are learning.

As a visual learner, you usually like things neat and clean. You often close your eyes to visualize or remember something, and you will find something to watch if you become bored. You may have difficulty with spoken directions and may be easily distracted by sounds. You are attracted to color and to spoken language (like stories) that is rich in imagery.
Tips for Visual Learners

•Sit near the front of the classroom or somewhere you can see.

•Have your eyesight checked on a regular basis.

•Use flashcards to learn new words - just looking at the flashcards should be sufficient

•Try to visualize things that you hear or things that are read to you.

•Write down key words, ideas, or instructions.

•Draw pictures to help explain new concepts and then explain the pictures.




•Avoid distractions during study times.
Characteristics of Tactile Learner
- learn by touching and doing
- understand and remember things through physical movement
- "hands-on" learner who prefers to touch, move, build, or draw what you learn
- tend to learn better when some type of physical activity is involved
- need to be active and take frequent breaks
- often speak with your hands and with gestures
- may have difficulty sitting still

As a tactile learner, you like to take things apart and put things together, and you tend to find reasons to tinker or move around when you become bored. You may be very well coordinated and have good athletic ability. You can easily remember things that were done but may have difficulty remembering what you saw or heard in the process. You often communicate by touching, and you appreciate physically expressed forms of encouragement, such as a pat on the back.
Tips for Tactile Learners

•Participate in activities that involve touching, building, moving, or drawing.

•Do lots of hands-on activities like completing art projects, taking walks, or acting out things.

•It's OK to chew gum, walk around, or rock in a chair while reading or studying.

•Use flashcards and arrange them in groups to show relationships between ideas.

•Trace words with your finger or underline sentences with your finger.

•Take frequent breaks during reading or studying periods (frequent, but not long).

•It's OK to tap a pencil, shake your foot, or hold on to something while learning.

•Use a computer to reinforce learning through the sense of touch.
- involves the brain prefrontal cortex from where the decision making abilities are developed. If the desired control is not developed, then it may result in lack of concentration on the tasks completion
Poor time management
Difficult or time- consuming task to handle
Lack of knowledge or skills
Poor performance
Fears or lack of self-confidence
Unsolved problems

Reasons Why We Procrastinate
of Procrastination
Procrastination can actually calm us down
Temporarily relieve stress
Help us approach tasks more efficiently when we begin them.  
Better use of time

How to Avoid Procrastination

Learn to focus on small tasks
“Nobody is Perfect”
Periodic Assessment
Establish a deadline

Paper Airplane Activity
We are going to build a special airplane using three different methods

Each method corresponds with a learning style

Please be aware of how you respond during each method, as it relates to how you respond in class
What's the BEST way to use learning styles?
Use All Three!!
When Studying:
- Visualize the information
- Say it out loud or watch a video on it
- Move around, write and re-write
When in Class:
- Listen to the professor's words
- Write down important information
- Look at the visual aid
When Reading:
- Read the words and draw diagrams
- Say the words outloud
- Move around while you read
Make you unproductive and inefficient
Encourages laziness
Lowers self-confidence
Makes you anxious and worried
Lack of motivation
 Procrastination Advice: Definition of Procrastinate. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.procrastinationadvice.com/
 Lux, T. (2008). Why Do We Procrastinate. The Toolbox. Retrieved from http://deltatoolbox.wordpress.com/ 2008/11/25/why-do-we-procrastinate/
 The Power of Procrastination – OutWill It! Retrieved from http://timemanagementtoolbox.com/blog/category/procrastination/
 Procrastination. University of Florida: Counseling & Wellness Center. Retrieved from http://www.counseling.ufl.edu/cwc/procrastination.aspx
 What's your learning style? (2011). Education Planner, The Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency. Retrieved from http://www.educationplanner.org/students/self-assessments/learning-styles-styles.shtml

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