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martha Gelthorn

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teresa scifres

on 14 November 2012

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Transcript of martha Gelthorn

Martha Gellhorn American novelist, travel writer and journalist, considered by The London Daily Telegraph, among others, to be one of the greatest war correspondents of the 20th century. Born: November 8, 1908, St. Louis
Died: February 15, 1998, London When she was a child her mother was involved in the women's suffrage movement. Early Career Gellhorn attended Bryn Mawr College but left in 1927 to begin a career as a writer Moved to work in United Press bureau in Paris. reported on the impact of the Depression on the United States
caught attention of Eleanor Roosevelt
lifelong friends. War Correspondent 1937 Gellhorn was employed by Collier's Weekly
report the Spanish Civil War
While there she started an affair with Ernest Hemingway
Married in 1940 Gellhorn worked for Collier's Weekly throughout the Second World War.

"followed the war wherever I could reach it." Gellhorn also covered the arrival of allied troops at Dachau, the first German Concentration Camp "In their joy to be free, and longing to see their friends who had come at last, many prisoners rushed to the fence and died electrocuted. There were those who died cheering, because that effort of happiness was more than their bodies could endure. There were those who died because now they had food, and they ate before they could be stopped, and it killed them. "I hated Vietnam the most, because I felt personally responsible. It was my own country doing this abomination. I am talking about what was done in South Vietnam to the people whom we, supposedly, had come to save. I'm seeing napalmed children in the hospital, seeing old women with a piece of white sulphur burning away inside of them, seeing the destroyed villages, seeing people dropping of hunger and dying in the streets. My complete horror remains with me as a source of grief and anger and shame that surpasses all the others." Coverage of Vietnam War Coverage of Spanish War I found out about the Spanish war because I was in Germany when it began. The German papers always described the Spanish Republic as "the Red swine dogs." I didn't know anything about it except that, and that was all I needed to know. And it was the only place that was fighting fascism. At Spanish War she met Earnest Hemingway (4th left) whom she later married. Hemingway and Gellhorn Influence to Write about war I didn't write. I just wandered about. I used to write letters to the wounded in the Palace Hotel, and I used to drive a station wagon with blood in bottles to a battalion aid station. Then somebody suggested I should write about the war, and I said I didn't know anything about the war. I did not understand anything about it. I didn't see how I could write it. I only knew about daily life. It was said, well, it isn't everybody's daily life. That is why I started. With $50 of her own money and a knapsack, Gellhorn set out to Spain on her first war correspondent assignment WWII coverage It will be hard to tell you of the wounded, there
were so many of them. There was no time to talk; there
was too much else to do. They had to be fed, as most of
them had not eaten for two days; shoes and clothing had
to be cut off; they wanted water; the nurses and orderlies,
working like demons, had to be found and called quickly to a bunk where a man suddenly and desperately
needed attention; plasma bottles must be watched; cigarettes had to be lighted and held for those who could not use their hands; it seemed to take hours to pour hot coffee, via the spout of a teapot, into a mouth that just showed through bandages. She worked on a hospital ship during WWII covering the wounded and dead. A Legend Dies Passed away at her home in London on February 15, 1998, at eighty-nine years of age. Gellhorn and Hemingway Her second husband
she his third wife
marriage lasted five years
Gellhorn left Hemingway
the only of his wives to do so Her friend and pen pal-Elenor Roosevelt Still going at 81 In 1989
age of eighty-one
she was still out at the front reporting -- on the United States invasion of Panama Ernest Hemingway and Martha Gellhorn had no idea of what they would discover when they set out for Hong Kong, China, and Burma in 1941. The husband-and-wife team of celebrity literati intended to report on the China-Japan war while honeymooning in the romantic Far East. What they found was a maddening, intriguing, colorful world of dictators and drunks, scoundrels and socialites, heroes and halfwits Elanor Roosevelt Achievements a contributor to The Atlantic Monthly for more than three decades
one of the first women ever to work as a war correspondent
writer with an unabashedly personal voice Gellhorn Says that she
was "too old and not
"nimble" enough for
war anymore." War Comes to Bosnia Gellhorn
passes on taking assignment Hemingway and Gellhorn Plot Telling the story of one of America’s most famous literary couples, the movie begins in 1936 when the pair meet for the first time in a Key West bar. He was a famous writer and she was an up-and-coming war correspondent. They ran into each other again in Spain where they were both covering the Spanish Civil War. They were staying in the same hotel on the same floor, and she resisted his advances. However, during a bombing raid, they found themselves trapped in the same room, frightened for their lives, and lust overcame them. They became lovers and stayed in Spain until 1939. In 1940 Hemingway divorced his second wife so that they could marry. Over time she became prominent in her own right. In 1945 she asked Hemingway for a divorce. He credits her with inspiring him to write the novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls.[2] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martha_Gellhorn
http://www.nndb.com/people/310/000125932/ References
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