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Was Island Hopping the Best Strategy?
Transcript of Was Island Hopping the Best Strategy?
The Beginning of the Pacific War
Island Hopping seems, to historian Wallace B. Black, author of "Island Hopping in the Pacific", the best, most viable option to take control of many islands in the Pacific from Japan.
The first offensive action taken in the Pacific is the Doolittle Raid. This series of air bombings had a very small strategic effect, but was a boost to Allied Moral and detrimental to Japanese Pride.
The Allies began their first land invasion at Guadal Canal on August 7th 1942 thus began a war of attrition between Japan and the Allies.
The Island Hopping Strategy
At General MacArthurs base in Australia, Macarthur and Admiral William Halsey devised a two prong plan of attack into Japanese Territory.
Here is an overview of the War in the Pacific
Four Months after the Attack on Pearl Harbor, General MacArthur was forced to retreat after a fierce battle against Japan to defend the Phillipines; he remarked to a reporter, "I Shall Return".
The Doolittle raid prompted the Japanese into two costly naval battles of Coral Sea and Midway. These battles were won by the Allies because of their air superiority, not ship firepower.
The Atomic Bomb
There was plans for a mainland attack on Japan that troops were preparing themselves for, but the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima August 6, 1945 and on August 9, 1945, a bomb was also dropped on Nagasaki, effectively ending the fighting.
There weren't sources to be found that proposed a reasonable alternative option.
He authored 5 other books on the subject of WW2.
Wallace B. Black is the author of World War II 50th Anniversary series, which also includes: "Iwo Jima and Okinawa", "Battle of Britain", "Hiroshima and the Atomic Bomb", and "Invasion of Italy".
Wallace argues that Island Hopping, while bloody, was necessary for the Allied Powers to take control of the Pacific and win the war.
The writer is directing his writing to students, ages 10 and up, so his writing is clear and factual. It is an accepted library source.
Since the book is aimed at a younger audience, the issue may be a little oversimplified in the name of clarity. Also, Wallace is not a first-hand source.