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Transcript of Rescue Techniques
Rescues As had been stated previously, in attempting any
rescue, self preservation is the key factor. To ensure maximum safety, any lifesaver should consider using, in
priority order, the following methods of rescue:
Row Throw Rescue
Other skills which do not require entry into the water make use of throwing aids. These can be used by weak or non-swimmers. The following aids may by used in throw rescues.
Types of Throw Rescue:
Unweighted rope Row Rescue
It is not possible to perform reach or throw rescues and a wade rescue is not possible because of the depth of the water. This is an effective and safe technique because the rescuer remains clear of the water and the person in difficulty can be made secure quickly and safely. As a wide range of potential rescue craft is now available, the term row is taken to include: Paddling, sailing and driving
Types of Row Rescue include:
Using small craft
Entering small craft from the water Reach Rescue
A reach rescue, being both effective and safe for
the rescuer, should always be considered first in
Types of Reach Rescue include:
Using the arm or leg
Use of rescue aids
Attempts to reach and throw have been unsuccessful and the depth, current and temperature of the water permit a safe entry. This technique brings the rescuer nearer to the person in difficulty and may enable a reach or throw rescue to be attempted
Types of Wade Rescue:
Deep Water Variation
Lifesavers should use a swimming rescue only when all land-based rescues have either failed or are not appropriate, eg. when the person in difficulty is out of reach or is unconscious. It is very important that lifesavers make an effective assessment and recognize their own limitations in order that they do not become involved in a rescue which they are unable to handle. A thorough appreciation and effective application of the rescue principles outlined in Chapter 5 Lifesaving Skills is crucial to the successful performance of swimming rescues. Swimming Rescues Things you need to know for swimming rescues:
Selecting rescue aids
Entry and Landings
Recovery of a submerged person
Contact towing techniques
Rescues of more than one person
A successful rescue requires the person in difficulty to be removed or assisted from the water and moved to a place of safety. The removal from the water should be carried out as quickly as possible with the minimum risk of accident to both the person in difficulty and the lifesaver, and with minimum interruption to the performance of resuscitation should this be required.
Things you need to know about landings
Categories of landings
Selecting the method of landing
Gentle slope techniques
Steep slope techniques