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Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia

Diffusion of literacy, artistic, and cultural traditions - increased cross-cultural interaction resulted in the diffusion of literacy, artistic and cultural traditions.
by

Jessica Ferreira

on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia

Diffusion of literacy, artistic, and cultural traditions Islam in Southeast Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa Southeast Asia At the beginning of the 9th century, Arab merchants started to control the Southeast Asian Trade (Nanhai). However, Islam did not become very popular until the 12th century.

One of the first known converts to Islam in Southeast Asia was Sultan Mudzafar Shah 1 of Kedah Kingdom in 1160.

Most muslims in Southeast Asia are Sunni. Literacy Having literacy in Islam, enabled the religion to have a long lasting impact on its followers. The Book of One Thousand and One Nights was a well known and popular book written in the 10th through 15th Centuries. Artistic Ceramics, glass, textiles, and calligraphy were very important to Islam. There is no human portrayal of the islamic God, because it is a sin according to muslims. Cultural Traditions One popular practice in Southeast Asia is wearing a sarong, which is a long skirt, usually plaid.
Indonesia's motto is " Unity in Diversity"
which is intended for muslims. Sub-Saharan Africa Literacy Artistic Islamic regions in Sub-Saharan Africa built mosques in the style of those found in the core Islamic world. Sub-Saharan traditions influenced the appearance of these buildings in different ways like Saharan house-building techniques, Saharan-style buildings are composed of mud bricks, and feature thick sloping walls, flat roofs, and conical spires.

Islamic Sub-Saharan weaving became very popular.

This is a video of some pictures of the weaving.
Islam first arrived in Northern Africa when muslims fled persecution in the Arabian Peninsula around 630CE. It took centuries for Islam to expand throughout Northern Africa and even longer for it to spread through Sub-Saharan Africa.
It was most likely spread from northern Africa by merchants who came across the Sahara desert to the capital cities. Elites had more contact with the merchants than the rest of the population. They did not only trade goods but religious ideas too. Cultural Sub-Saharan Muslims tended to keep their traditional culture while adding Islam into their practices.

Because Islam does not separate religious authority from political authority, it appealed to tribal leaders because it strengthened the African kingship. Kings who converted had more power and authority. Present Day Today:
62% of the world's muslims live in Southeast Asia
90% of Indonesians are Islamic
60% of Malaysians are Islamic
98% of Somalians are Islamic
29.6% of Sub-Saharan Africa is Islamic. Allah written in Arabic calligraphy. The earliest written Sub-Saharan Literature is heavily influenced by Islamic literature.

Muslims in the Sub-Saharan area wrote in Arabic because that's the language of the Qur'an.

Arabic became as big in Africa as Latin did in Europe.
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