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How Digital Tools Shape the Way Architects Think
Transcript of How Digital Tools Shape the Way Architects Think
The Digital Design Process in Architecture
(James A. Love, 1985)
Mies van der Rohe
Table: General characteristics of a conventional (manual) versus an idealized computer-aided design process
design in scale 1:x
2D = 3D
new architectural geometry
'making of form' -> 'finding of form'
design for production
Release dates of CAD software between 1960 - 2010 (selection)
(compilation based on various sources)
Sketchpad developed by Ivan Sutherland in 1963
cultural & design discourse
Bezier, B-spline, NURBS curves and NURBS surfaces
'design by tool design'
role of architect
-> interactive process
Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Museum (1997) Bilbao
Types of developable surfaces
Palladio, La Rotonda, 1570
Frank Gehry, Model of the Walt Disney Concert Hall (2003) Los Angeles
Foster + Partners, Swiss Re (1998) London
Antonio Gaudi, Catenary hanging model of the Cathedral Sagrada Familia (1882-) Barcelona
Foster + Partners, City Hall (2002) London
Solar studies for the City Hall building
Acoustical analysis of the City Hall debating chamber
Frank Gehry, Vila Olimpica (1992) Barcelona
EXIKON arc & dev, roof construction (2010) Leopoldsdorf, Austria
ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2012
animate form …
Medium of expression
Shigeru Ban, Centre Pompidou (2010) Metz
Renzo Piano, Zentrum Paul Klee (2005) Bern
Autodesk Architectural Desktop
Bernhard Franken and ABB Architekten, BMW Exhibition Pavilion (1999) Frankfurt
KLAURA KADEN + PARTNER, Aussichtsturm Pyramidenkogel (2013) Keutschach am See
designer vs. 'implementer'
BIM adoption by architects in North America (2009) vs. Europe (2010)
(Source: McGraw Hill Construction, 2010)
Solar studies for the London City Hall (Foster + Partners)