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How Digital Tools Shape the Way Architects Think

The Digital Design Process in Architecture
by

Benjamin Stangl

on 18 June 2013

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Transcript of How Digital Tools Shape the Way Architects Think

How Digital Tools Shape the Way Architects Think
The Digital Design Process in Architecture
WHY CAAD?
STAGES
EFFECTS
CONCLUSION
efficiency
new operations
"fashion"
(James A. Love, 1985)
pre-digital
imitation
generative use
Mies van der Rohe
Glen Murcutt
Frank Gehry
David Chipperfield
Table: General characteristics of a conventional (manual) versus an idealized computer-aided design process
resource allocation
design in scale 1:x
2D = 3D
new architectural geometry
'making of form' -> 'finding of form'
design for production
(Bijl, 1989)
(efficiency)
(new operations)
Release dates of CAD software between 1960 - 2010 (selection)
(compilation based on various sources)
Sketchpad developed by Ivan Sutherland in 1963
cultural & design discourse
Basis
(Füssler, 2008)
^
Bezier, B-spline, NURBS curves and NURBS surfaces
Challenges ahead
'design by tool design'
role of architect
-> interactive process
empowering tools
(Mitchell, 1977)
Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Museum (1997) Bilbao
Types of developable surfaces
Palladio, La Rotonda, 1570
Frank Gehry, Model of the Walt Disney Concert Hall (2003) Los Angeles
Foster + Partners, Swiss Re (1998) London
Antonio Gaudi, Catenary hanging model of the Cathedral Sagrada Familia (1882-) Barcelona
Foster + Partners, City Hall (2002) London
Solar studies for the City Hall building
Acoustical analysis of the City Hall debating chamber
Frank Gehry, Vila Olimpica (1992) Barcelona
'reverse engineering'
parametric design
performative design
straightedge
scale ruler
parallel bar
protractor
compass
divider …
EXIKON arc & dev, roof construction (2010) Leopoldsdorf, Austria
experimentation
optimization
rationalization
ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2012
morphing,
dynamic,
motion,
animate form …
Medium of expression
Shigeru Ban, Centre Pompidou (2010) Metz
Renzo Piano, Zentrum Paul Klee (2005) Bern
Autodesk Architectural Desktop
Bernhard Franken and ABB Architekten, BMW Exhibition Pavilion (1999) Frankfurt
KLAURA KADEN + PARTNER, Aussichtsturm Pyramidenkogel (2013) Keutschach am See
designer vs. 'implementer'
BIM adoption by architects in North America (2009) vs. Europe (2010)
(Source: McGraw Hill Construction, 2010)
North America
Europe
47%
58%
Solar studies for the London City Hall (Foster + Partners)
Full transcript