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Zakaria Brihi

on 8 January 2014

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Transcript of MUSIC

MUSIC in the USA
the evolution of music
the influence of music
musical centers
smaller cities
: Asbury Park, New Jersey
cajun and creole in louisiana
blue grass of the southeastern
use of asymetrical rhythms,long irregular melodies
wide open geography
sense of personal freedom characteristic of the american life
desire of rebellion and emancipation
social identity
social class
ethnicity and geography
folk music
popular music
classical music
european classic music

incorporation of variety of Latin, Caribbean, African American, Cajun and Creole musics
Gottschalk's music
native america tribes(flute , like drums, rattles and shakers)
west african music
european styles -french spanish english-
musical trade during the civil war
bluegrass, country music, gospel, old time music, jug bands, Appalachian folk, blues, Cajun and Native American music
expression of religious faith of the slaves
spread of spirituals 19th century
African work songs, field hollers and shouts
Other immigrant communities
marriachi and corrido
popular music
early popular music
80's and 90's
Popular jazz (1920–1935) and swing (1935–1947)
African-American communities of the Southern United States
blue notes, improvisation, polyrhythms, syncopation and the swung note
national, regional and local musical cultures,
distinctive styles
louis armstrong , paul whiteman
Blues diversification and popularization
1920'sThe migration of African Americans to the urban industrial centers of Chicago, Detroit, New York, Los Angeles and elsewhere
fusion of blues and anglo celtic song
-version more energetic
very popular 1940's and the 1950's
the term "R&B" became used to refer to music styles that developed from and incorporated electric blues, as well as gospel and soul music
Country music
Created during the 1920
South East Nashville, Tennessee
Influences : folkloric music from immigrants (celtic music)
Many female artists
Popularized by western movies in the 1930

soul music
traditional African-American gospel music , rhythm and blues and jazz
popular for dancing and listening
influencing rock music and the music of Africa.
Ray charles, etta james,james Brown
Born in the 1970

Influences from blues, classical and hard rock

Characteristics : heavy rhythm, guitar distorsion, drums (double bass), vocals (growl)

Various subgenres

Social clichés : satanism, death wishes, violence, headbanger...
Rock n Roll
Born in the 1950

Origins from rythm and blues, folk, country, jazz

Quatuor : electric guitat, bass, drums, singer

Firstly played by white people to dance

Psychedelic Rock
Engaged lyrics

In the 1970 advent of the hippie movement

New philosophies : music as a way of life and a way of thinking

Woodstock in 1969
born during the 1970
new york scenes
engaged lyrics
Born in the 1980


Punk, rock, blues, heavy metal influences

Philosophy close to Punk
during the 1990s
Music used as a political protest

Gospel stars like Mahalia Jackson in the Civil Rights Movement

Hippie and Punk movement counterculture

Opposition to the Vietnam War

Protest songs

500 000 participants

3 death, 2 birth

Biggest trafic jam in the history

Other editions in 1994 and 1999
Economics and Industry
Industry revenue of 40 billion $ worldwide, 12 billion $ in the US

Major record companies : Universal, Warner...

Music media : MTV, Rolling Stone, Billboard...

Indie labels
Education and Holydays
Marching bands

Christmas songs

Other holyday songs
Social behavior
Trends, dressing, way of living

Economic and social classes separates music

Geographic classes

Ethnic classes
80's pop
Contemporary R&B arose
sultry funk singers: Prince
dance-oriented pop stars: Michael Jackson and Madonna
in the South Bronx and Harlem in New York City among black and Latino youth during the 1970s
rap music (oral), turntablism or "DJing" (aural), breaking (physical) and graffiti art (visual)
specific language
controversy and censorship
New York City-area Cuban and Puerto Rican immigrants
percussion(along with guitar, trumpets, trombones, the piano)
Full transcript