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The Fifth Circle of Hell: Anger

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Sam Webb

on 20 March 2013

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Transcript of The Fifth Circle of Hell: Anger

Dis The city of Dis sits in the center of the fifth circle and contains the last four circles: Heresy, Violence, Fraud, Treachery. All of the circles from Lust to Anger were considered to be passive sins, but the four circles within Dis were active sins. The gates of Dis are guarded by fallen angels and when Dante and Virgil approach, Virgil initially fails to convince the angels to allow them entrance. They are only allowed inside by an angel from heaven who comes down and opens the gate for them. Symbolism Dante's confrontation with Filippo Argenti represents how each soul in hell is perpetually held captive in the state that they have chosen for themselves in life, and how they must suffer for their choices. It also reflects how Dante is becoming aware of his own sins.

Virgil, up to this point, had been able to gain entry to each circle through his words and his ability to use logic and reasoning. However, Virgil's inability to make a way into the city of Dis signifies how philosophy cannot fully understand the sins that lie below. The Fifth Circle: Anger The Wrathful The Sullen The wrathful, or the externally angry, dwell on the swampy surface of the fifth circle. Their sin was allowing their anger to consume them and control their actions in life, so now they take out their wrath upon each other eternally. The Sullen are souls who are internally
angry. They sit beneath the swampy waters
of the swamp and sulk, holding in their own
repressed anger. They are withdrawn into "a
black sulkiness which can find no joy in God
or man or the universe." When Dante and Virgil enter the fifth circle of hell they are greeted by the boatman of the river styx, Phlegyas. Phlegyas is a character from greek mythology who burned down a temple of Apollo out of anger and was struck down by the Sun god. Dante and Virgil proceed to ride his boat through the swampy, miserable waters of Styx and watch the two types of souls that suffer in this realm, the Wrathful and the Sullen. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inferno_(Dante)#Fifth_Circle_.28Anger.29



http://www.poetryintranslation.com/PITBR/Italian/DantInf8to14.htm Along the way, a single soul grabs the side of the boat and begins to harass Dante. Dante recognizes the man as Filippo Argenti, on of Dante's political enemies in Florence. Dante and Filippo, historians believe, had committed offenses to each other out of spite, which is why Filippo suffers in hell's fifth circle. Virgil blesses the Filippo's soul and the other souls around him begin to tear him apart, which Dante admits is a pleasurable sight for him. After this, Phlegyas bring them to the center of the fifth circle, the city of Dis.
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