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Hannah Hoch and her artistic works

A description of how gender issues come about in Hannah Hoch's work
by

Lindsey Phelan

on 19 February 2011

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Transcript of Hannah Hoch and her artistic works

Höch's photomontages & Artwork pieces
display issues revolving Gender by Lindsey Phelan
Women/Gender/Art Studies
Professor Lent
Term Presentation
8 February 2011 Hannah Höch Höch studied art in Berlin 1912:
Kunstgewerbeschule, Berlin Charlottenbourg (English Translation: Teaching Institute of Arts Museum in Berlin) 1915:
Staatliche Kunstgewerbemuseum
(in Berlin)
under Emil Orlik
Höch's
photomontages

A pair of legs with money and a man's eye placed in between them is the main focus of the image.
a machine symbolizes $ with a gymnast symbolizing the modern athletic woman.
Left side- a bare backed woman playing an instrument symbolizes women's femininity.
Das Schöne Mädchen So, who is Hannah Höch?
Fought for her right to learn a profession that did not involve becoming a teacher or a secretary,
Hoch wanted to study art and become a painter Background Facts: Changed name to Hannah a major Berlin newspaper &magazine publisher
Höch worked here from 1916-1926
Obtained access to photographic & print materials through them for her future artwork Ullstein Verlag: dated Raoul Hausmann-founding member of Dadaists So..What is Photomontage? A photomontage is a “distinctive art form developed by the Berlin Dadaists [which is] a step further than collage” (Hemus 96) "The process itself, of cutting out, collecting and assembling chosen fragments, is apparent in the resulting composition. In its use of mass-produced ready-made images, and text, the photomontage manifests new attitude by, and towards, the artist. The artwork is not seen as the vehicle for an individual’s expression of her unique insight, creativity and skill. It is in the selection and assembling of material that the artist produces a piece of work" (Hemus 99). Hannah Höch stated:
“photomontage is based on photography and has developed from photography”
(Hemus 99). The Dadaists
Rallied against these issues within the Dada group:
war, contemporary politics, the dehumanizing impact of industrialization, and the capitalism and consumerism of modern Weimar in this piece Cut the Kitchen Knife Dada through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch of Germany
1919-1920 114x90cm collage
This is a huge montage composed of images cut out from variety of magazines and newspapers, contrasting in size, color and position. Phrases, words and letters, with typography and various scales are scattered all over the images giving it new meaning by removing the original context.
Photographs of famous persons are also included in this photomontage such as: Albert Einstein, General von Hidenburg, Lenin, film actress Asta Nielson, and poet Else Lasker-Schüser
recognized as an anarchistic genre due to her artistic structure in her photomontages

presentation was different due to Höch's "calculated placements of the representatives of the Weimar Republic against the Dada forces" in this photomontage

Photomontage mainly about Höch's upbeat attitude about Weimar women in the future

Several themes are recognized here such as: female pleasure, the female body, emancipation, utopianism, class, technology, identity, & politics

more important as a piece that introduced Höch's obession regarding women's place in contemporary society The German title is "Das Schöne Mädchen", while
translated to the English it is "The Beautiful Girl" “She is made up of disparate body parts: hair, face, body, and one hand stretched out holding a pocket watch”
(Hemus 109). This photomontage's purposes was to create
the modern woman, hinting through critique and celebration Da-Dandy created in 1919
Photomontage,
11 13/16 x 9 1/16 inches

draws attention to gender, clothing & dress
mocks stereotypes of femininity and masculinity and it’s ideals Dada-Tanz (Dada-Dance)
-1922

related to gender
sexual and race identity?
shoes on right figure are the same as seen in Da-Dandy- (reinforces the importance of femininity) Dada Ernst modern images (symbolizing machinery)
against
the woman's flesh (symbolizing femininity)

Is Hoch regarding women's sexuality in the modern world under the male's gaze?

Hoch addresses the hopes and fears of the new woman here. Hannah Höch and Raoul Hausmann at the Dada Fair in Berlin, 1920 http://www.db-artmag.com/archiv/05/e/magazin-hoech.html http://www.dadart.com/dada-media/Hannah-Hoch-DaDandy-1919-p.jpg Birth name: Anna Therese Johanne Höch
Birth Place: Gotha, Germany
Birth date: 1 November 1889
Family background:
raised eldest out of 5 children
father- worked for insurance company
mother- a homemaker
Höch left high school at 15 to care for her youngest sister Hannah Höch with her Dada Dolls, 1920
http://weimarart.blogspot.com/2010/08/hannah-hoch-brushflurlets-and-beer.html http://weimarart.blogspot.com/2010/08/hannah-hoch-brushflurlets-and-beer.html http://www.yellowbellywebdesign.com/hoch/dada.html http://www.yellowbellywebdesign.com/hoch/madchen.html http://artoftheweek.tumblr.com/post/742776801/christinecarreira-hannah-hoch-dada-dance http://venetianred.files.wordpress.com/2010/01/hannah-hoch-ullstein-id-card.jpg Her ID card ca. 1920's http://philandfem.blogspot.com/2010/04/hannah-hoch-feminist-artist.html
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