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Yellow river valley ancient Civilization
Transcript of Yellow river valley ancient Civilization
Yellow River Valley
Government was Authoritarian, the current leader decided on everything
Strict regime helped to unify China and expand it's empire across the continent
Rulers were morally constrained to do the right thing
impressive economic and social development records when compared to comparable governments in Latin American, Africa or the Middle East
Yellow River in Winter
Roles of Women
Relatively flat land between the great rivers made it possible to move goods from north to south and eventually led to the construction of the Grand Canal
Utilized huge labor force to build grand things
China gave the world woven silk, fireworks, playing cards, pasta, fishing reels, whiskey, poison gas, paper, wood block printing, lacquer, the compass, and the wheelbarrow.
Chinese mathematicians invented the decimal point, and are also believed to have developed the concept of zero
Chinese may have began using coal as early as 1000 B.C. Coal was first mined for fuel in Europe around A.D. 1250.
The world's first cast iron products were made in China around 500 B.C. By the 3rd century B.C., the Chinese were using blast furnaces to produce cast iron
Gunpowder was made when Chinese alchemists where trying to discover the secret of immortality
Invented the crossbow
it's main line length is 2,150 miles, with an additional 2,195 miles of branches and spurs
Longest wall in the world
The Great Wall of China is as long as the Nile River
The Great Wall is many different walls built at different times by different dynasties, composed of hundreds, if not thousands of disconnected sections.
The Great Wall is made of packed earth, bricks and mortar, fieldstones and quarried rock
Messages were relayed using signals made from fire, smoke, and gunpowder.
The Grand Canal is largest ancient artificial waterway in the world and an engineering marvel
It connects Beijing and Xian in the north with Shanghai in the south, and links four great rivers—the Yellow, the Yangtze, Huai and Qiantang.
The Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming dynasty to the end of the Qing dynasty. It is located in the center of Beijing, China
referred to as the forbidden city because no one could enter without the emperors permission
-Developed by Confucius. He believed that humans are good, not bad. He also believed in five basic relationships:
Ruler to Ruled
Husband to Wife
Father to Son
Elder Brother to Younger Brother
Friend to Friend
They were polytheistic, meaning they worshipped many gods, but their main god was Shang Di
Food sacrifices were common.
Only royalty could communicate with them, so commoners prayed to their ancestors
They also believed in Dualism, which was the concept that there were equal parts light and dark in the world. This is what the Yin and Yang symbol stands for. It also shows harmony and balance.
A Shaman was a person in the Chinese religion who acts as a connection between the supernatural world and the mortal world as a healer. Also known as a medicine man.
Oracle bones, the earliest form of writing, were used to tell fortunes and the future.
Religion was based on living up to ancestors` expectations.
Emperors, also known as Sons of Heaven, held a godly status.
The Mandate of Heaven- accepted the idea that “freed” China of unworthy and undependable rulers.
by 2000 BC they were writing by using a complex system of pictures called ideograms
They were the first to use Oracle bones for writing
they then used wooden blocks for printing which was ahead of most civilizations, but later invented mobile printing
one major advantage was that all parts of Chinas could read the same system of writing, even if they spoke different languages. This made communication easier.
They speak Chinese
The father of the household decided how much education his children would receive.
They had an elaborate idea of their distant origins.
The Chinese had a breakthrough in astronomy.
They had four books: The Book of History, which was the actual history of the Zhou, The Book of Change, which is the manual of Diviners, the Book of Rites, which is the manual of etiquette and rituals for aristocrats, and the Book of Songs, which tells about the condition and early Zhou and is the most notable of the classics.
Women were considered temperate and sub servant
Higher class women had more rights
Marriages were arranged
Wives would move in with her husbands family
Wealth had little to do with who you could marry
Paintings of women were to look at, not to respect or honor the women in the pictures
Women worked on the farms with men
Different colors had different meanings
Only nobility could wear yellow
Silk was for the wealthy
Poor people wore hemp fabric until the Huns invaded and introduced cotton
Loose fitting clothing for men and women
Peasant men wore pants
because of their location early settlers had to supply their own food, which caused them to be great farmers
They used advanced flooding control and irrigation projects, so food such as rice grew abundantly
in their free time, they enjoyed making jewelry and religious items
They also make dolls and paint them
they had a huge interest in music, and made art with detailed designs
they also made silk which would later be used of trade
For a long period of time the people of the yellow river valley lacked a written language so not much is known about their economics but what we do know is that they used a simple bartering system
Later, Shi Huangdi instituted a uniform weights and measure system and standardized the road width so carts could bring trade goods from one region to the next
China would trade goods through the famous Silk Road which linked China to regions as far away as Greece
The Yellow river runs through all of China and even enters other countries. It starts in the Bayan Har Mountains of western China and empties into the Bohai Sea the yellow river basin has an extent of 290,349 sq mi and the river has a length of 3,395 mi
The dry mountains and plateaus on the west side of China caused the people to settle in the east where fertile soil lies.
The mountains and deserts also isolate China from the rest of Asia and provides a natural security system for China
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3500 BCE- Early settlers in the Yellow River Basin.
2500 BCE- Use of jade bi and cong for ceremonial purposes.
2200 BCE- Xia Dynasty
1500 BCE- Shang Dynasty
1300 BCE- Anyang became Shang capital
1050 BCE- Zhou conquest of the Shang dynasty
1050 BCE- Western Zhou Dynasty
770 BCE- Zhou flee Luoyang, the Zhou Dynasty declined
770 BCE- Eastern Zhou Dynasty
600 BCE- Confucius Born
221 BCE- Qin Dynasty, Qin Shi Huangdi is Emperor
210 BCE- Death of Qin Shi Huangdi
210 BCE- Han Dynasty
200 AD- Period of Disunity, no Dynasty
580 AD- Sui Dynasty
600 AD- Tang Dynasty
700 AD- Gunpowder Discovered
900- 950 AD- 5 Dynasties
950 AD- Song Dynasty
1200 AD- Genghis Khan invades Northern China
1280 AD- Yuan Dynasty
1370 AD- Ming Dynasty
1620 AD- Qing Dynasty
1908 AD- Last Emperor Puyi gains the throne
1949 AD- People's Republic of China
1976 AD- Mao Zedong dies