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Metacogntion, Problem Solving, and Critical Thinking

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Nicole Lorenzetti

on 30 November 2015

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Transcript of Metacogntion, Problem Solving, and Critical Thinking

Do Now
How might you go about convincing the class that, in a debate, your way is the right way?
Metacognition and Learning Strategies
Metacognition, Problem Solving, and Critical Thinking
Metacognition – knowledge about your own thinking processes
Executive control processes
Three kinds of knowledge: declarative, procedural, and self-regulatory

The way something is learned greatly influences how readily we remember the information and how we can apply the knowledge later
1.Cognitively engage 2.Focus attention 3.Invest effort
4.Process deeply 5.Regulate and monitor

Learning strategies are about knowing how to approach learning tasks
Skilled learners use a variety of strategies
Production deficiencies - knowing problem-solving strategies but not using them
Problem Solving
3 phases: initial state, a goal, and a path for reaching the goal
Problem solving is creating new situations for problems

Defining goals in order to solve problems
•Focus attention on what is relevant
•Understand the meaning of words in the problem
•Understand the whole problem

Schema-driven problem solving

Two general problem solving procedures: algorithmic and heuristic
Factors that Hinder Problem Solving
•Functional fixedness
•Response set
•Belief perseverance
•Confirmation bias

Divergent thinking
Convergent thinking
Heuristic Strategies
Working-backward strategy
Means-end analysis
Analogic thinking
Verbalization
Critical Thinking
Evaluating conclusions by logically and systematically examining the problem, the evidence, and the solution

General characteristics include:
•Open minded and mindful of alternatives
•Tries to be well informed
•Judges well the credibility of sources and quality of arguments
•Develops and defends a reasonable position
•Formulates plausible hypotheses

Argumentation
Heuristic game: http://facultystaff.richmond.edu/~dforsyth/df/h.htm
Full transcript