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Valentina Ballesteros

on 23 February 2018

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Transcript of Italy


It is a country located in southern Europe, in the shape of a peninsula, bordered by the Adriatic Sea and by the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is bordered by France to the Northwest, by Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia to the North. The independent countries of San Marino and the City of Vatican are the enclaves within the Italian territory. The enclave Campione d'Italia, located in the Italian-speaking area of Switzerland, also belongs to the country.
The Italian people is the result of a huge diversity of peoples who settled in the Italian peninsula.
For the ethnic background of the Italian people, mainly contributed five groups, the Italic peoples, the Etruscans, the Greeks, the Celts and the Romans. In mountainous regions prevails the alpine type, average or tall, clear, brown or browned haired, blue-gray or green eyes. Predominates in southern mediterranean type, lower, dark, dark hair and eyes.
The demographic density from Italy is quite under than others european countries.
In Italy, christmas celebration lasts about one month, starting on December 8th, the day of the Immacolata, on which traditionally the presepe and the christmas tree are set up, and lasting until the Epiphany, celebrating the visit of the Magi to the infant Jesus on January 6th.Unlike many countries the figure of Santa Claus is not very revered in Italy, instead of him, they have a La Befana, an old witch riding on her broom passes over the houses in the night between the 5th and 6th of January, leaving present (usually toys or sweets) in stockings and shoes of good children and a lump of coal in stockings and children's shoes sleepers.

This tradition is pre-Christian and comes from an old legend that the witch actually was a woman who would have denied shelter and food to the Magi when they passed her house on the way to visit Jesus, and so now try to repair the evil he has done.

Children leave the stockings hanging on fireplaces and shoes by the door. As here and in other countries where small write a letter to Santa Claus, the Italian children write letters and offerings, hiding them in the chimneys so that La Befana the collection
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Originally, the word would have been associated with a chaste behavior of penitents at the beginning of Lent, as a sort of purification before the Paschal rites.
To celebrate Carnival in full freedom, the Venetians wore tunics and vests protecting them from prying eyes and allowed them to commit all kinds of excesses. The mask protected the faces and eliminated the difference between sexes and social classes. The party was completed by the presence of acrobats, musicians, actors, puppets operators, comedians, amestradores animals, which mingled the city, besides the abundance of theatrical and large banquets parts.
One of the most famous attractions of the Venetian carnival is the "Flight of the Colombina" which was actually a slave down by a rope attached to the bell tower of St. Mark's church to the center of the square. Later, the slave has been replaced by an acrobat and finally a dove (in Italian, Colomba) of wood, which threw flowers on the pedestrian excited.


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While some of the most popular dishes associated with the Italian culture include a tempting slice of pizza and a heaping plate of pasta, there is much more to the world of Italian cooking. Throughout the many regions in Italy, the distinctive cuisine of italians shines through in a wide-race of eating habits, styles of cooking, and selection of local ingredients. The changing of the times has also influenced Italian food, as the meals served in the pre-Roman era possess both similarities and differences in the cuisine of today.
The spread of Italian food diversity began after the fall of the Roman Empire when individual city states began to uphold separate identities and traditions. Each region began to display its own unique way of cooking, right down to the formation of a meatball to the characteristic cheeses and wine produced in a locale.The north developed Tuscan beef, while black truffles were very popular in Marches. Provolone an mozzarella cheeses developed in the south, as well as a host of interesting citrus fruits.
Diverse types of bread, variations in pasta, and varying food preparation techniques also differed according to region. The southern regions of Italy embrace hard-boiled spaghetti, while the north often prefers a soft egg noodle. Milan is known for their risotto, while Bologna has a deep history regarding tortelline, and Naples is famous for their pizzas.
Today, the differences in Italian cooking still show through in the distinctions between the north and south. Each region still carries their own traditions in cooking that reflects deep history and culture with a never ending supply
The History of lasagna
the history of lasagna has its roots no more and no less than in Roman times. Obviously, at that time the lasagna was not as we know it today, but consisted of a few pieces of dough, cut into squares, cooked in a pot and eaten with vegetables and cheese.
For many centuries the lasagna continued to be made this way, and was called by the Romans "Lasana" or "lasanum" which in Latin means "vessel, container". This more or less until the fourteenth century. Francesco Zambrini, a scholar of the nineteenth century, discovered ancient recipes in which the lasagna was placed into strips or it could be left intact, stuffed with several layers of cheese.
After this discovery, Zambrini published the recipe in a cookbook and, thanks to him, from then on the lasagna was always done as we know it today, in layers. Over time, the lasagna tranformou It is a very popular dish and loved around the world, thanks to some restaurants Bologna, who created the famous lasagna bolognese and began serving customers in the early twentieth century. But the consecration came in 1935, when the journalist Paolo Monelli cites the dish to your Livo entitled "Il ghiottone wandering". Today the lasagne may have the most diverse types of fillings, from traditional, to homemade inventions.
Tiramisù was created in the sixteenth century to honor the Duke of Tuscany, Cosimo III de Medici, upon his arrival in Siena, that kept a good memory of the city. Confectioners of Siena prepared for the occasion a dessert with the finest ingredients, namely: the mascarpone cheese, chocolate and coffee. Another legend has it that during the Renaissance was considered the Tiramisù as a potent aphrodisiac, which is why the shutters the preparing for their lovers at nightfall, to give them more energy. This indispensable dessert, which is popular in Italy, does not cease to surprise us with derived versions of the original recipe, which takes coffee, both sweet and savory. Currently, the Tiramisù remains a symbol of authenticity and Italian sympathy.
The History of tiramisu
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Elegance is in the Italian blood, and most Italians would unhesitatingly give up comfort in order to achieve it. Italy is a nation that cherishes outward appearances.
Yes, it is great if you have a good heart, but Italians would expect you to have well-groomed hair, an impeccable sense of dressing and a really neat pair of shoes besides. So it is no wonder that some of the world's best sartorial artists are from Italy.
Fashion is almost a national passion, and to see the latest trends one need only glance around the various piazzas, restaurants and streets. Interestingly, these are trends worn to show off the best of the wearer, and imperceptibly conceal any flaws: individual Italians for the most part follow trends that suit them. Besides, few fashion conscious Italians would go for something trendy that is not also durable, classic and genuine.
A svelte Italian woman striding down the cobbled streets in the latest ultra-high wedges without missing a step, hair flying in the breeze, epitomizes an attitude almost all Italians have: of dressing with care and confidence, but seeming artless. And this attitude can only be achieved through a tradition of seduction and refinement handed down through generations. Italians love to show off, but mostly in an individualistic, understated way: while their clothes fit, they still allow room for sensual movement.
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Italy is full of art museums. The Roman and Renaissance art stand out in Italy. We can say that the Italian art influenced lots of artists and artistic styles in the story. Italy gave rise to many artistic and intelectual moviments among which the Renaissance, Mannerism and Baroque. Famous italian artists: Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Botticelli, Caravaggio, Archimboldo, Donatello, Fra Angelico, Tintoretto, Bernini and Titian. The current Italian generation of artists includes names such as Bettarini and Anselmi.
Music as always played an important role in italian culture. Many music instruments and music terms were invented in Italy. The art of Opera was born in Italy and many of the existing classical music forms can trace their roots back to innovations of sixteenth and seventeenth century Italian music.
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Leonardo da Vinci was a leading artist and intellectual of the Italian Renaissance who's known for his enduring works "The Last Supper" and "Mona Lisa."
Leonardo was born on April 15, 1452, "at the third hour of the night" in the Tuscan hill town of Vinci, in the lower valley of the Arno River in the territory of Florence. He was the illegitimate son of Messer Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci, a Florentine notary, and Caterina, a peasant who may have been a slave from the Middle East. Leonardo had no surname in the modern sense, "da Vinci" simply meaning "of Vinci": his full birth name was "Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci", meaning "Leonardo, son of (Mes)ser Piero from Vinci."
Court records of 1476 show that Leonardo and three other young men were charged with sodomy, and acquitted. From that date until 1478 there is no record of his work or even of his whereabouts, although it is assumed that Leonardo had his own workshop in Florence between 1476 and 1481. He was commissioned to paint an altarpiece in 1478 for the Chapel of St Bernard and The Adoration of the Magi in 1481 for the Monks of San Donato a Scopeto.

Mona Lisa, 1503-1506, is a very famous work of art by Leonardo da Vinci, the painting depicts the figure of a woman with a shy smile and an expression introspective,in 1516 Leonardo took the work from Italy to France when he was working at the court of King Francis I, who would have bought the picture.
Generally known as Mona Lisa, this picture (which is assumed not sure, be Lisa Ghreardini) enchanted generations of adults and children. Besides the mysterious smile, one of the most intriguing elements of the framework is a strange scene and ghostly ago, with the bridge and the winding road that leads to a bleak and wild landscape. Da Vinci developed the technique of "sfumato" (smoky), in subtle way of dealing with light and shade "blurring" tones and colors. He diluted the edges of the Mona Lisa's lips on your skin, naturally and realistically.
Also worked with the "sfumato" model's eyes do not seem to have eyebrows or eyelashes and give the impression to follow the observer, no matter where eleveja the picture.
Currently the board is in the Louvre in Paris of France


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