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Central Idea

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by

Pam Graetz

on 27 June 2014

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Transcript of Central Idea

Central Idea
The main point
in a selection.
I do not want
to just read books;
I want
to climb inside them and live there.

What's it all about?
SUMMARIZE
PLOT
The storyline of a selection.
Check the clock!!!
FORESHADOWING
Blood, Sweat, and Cheers!
CONFLICT
Or it can be internal (within the character).
It can be external (between a character and an outside force).
State the key points of the selection in a shortened version.
PARAPHRASE
Restate the selection in your own words
to make the meaning more clear.
Introduction/exposition to—
setting, characters, background.
Rising action.
Climax.
Falling action.
Resolution.
Hinting in the selection to suggest
FLASHBACK
Interrupting the current action of a selection
The struggle / problem in a story or drama.
CLIMAX
The turning point OR

RESOLUTION
When the conflict or problem is solved.
the most intense, exciting, or suspenseful part
of the selection.
What a character!
CHARACTER
Person, animal, or creature
in the selection.
CHARACTERIZATION
How characters are created.
STATIC CHARACTERIZATION
DYNAMIC CHARACTERIZATION
INDIRECT
CHARACTERIZATION
Speech.
Physical Appearance.
Actions.
Thoughts.
Feelings.
DIRECT
CHARACTERIZATION
Adjectives and adverbs are used.
Straight-forward explanations tell
what the characters are like.
The characters are described directly.
To know the character's personality,
the reader must pay attetion to certain things.
Speech.
Actions.
Physical appearance.
Thoughts.
Feelings.
When a character
doesn’t change much,
if at all.
When a character goes
through a lot of changes.
When a character is well-known by the reader.
When a character is well-described.
FLAT CHARACTERIZATION
ROUND CHARACTERIZATION
When a character is not well-described.
When a character is not well-known by the reader.
Who's in charge here?
NARRATOR
The teller of the story.
Central Idea
The central idea
is
the main point
in a piece of writing.
The narrator can be part of,
the action of the story.
or outside of,
POINT OF VIEW
Perspective or viewpoint from which the story is told.
1st PERSON POINT OF VIEW
and uses pronouns like
and uses pronouns like
The narrator is outside the action
I,
me,
and we.
he,
she,
it,
and they.
Why did you do that?
The reason an author writes.
AUTHOR'S PURPOSE
To nform or explain.
To ersuade, or maybe even argue.
To ntertain.
as easy as
PIE
. . .
P
I
E
The Mind VS The Heart
SUBJECTIVE SELECTIONS
OBJECTIVE SELECTIONS
The author states
details that can be proven.
The author states facts.
The author shares
personal beliefs that cannot be proven.
The author shares opinions and feelings.
Which one do you listen to?
The words or style the author uses to suggest a mood.
How the author makes the reader feel.
MOOD
TONE
How the author feels.
Oh! That hit a nerve!
What is it saying?
The unifying subject,
EXPLICIT QUESTION
When the answer is right there in the selection.
IMPLICIT QUESTION
(It's going to take some thought to answer this!)
SYMBOLISM
Using an object/character
An intelligent
INFERENCE
Supported by
A reference to
ALLUSION
THEME
central lesson,
or timeless
Examples would be
REALLY
WHAT???
Were you expecting
MORE?
Now, that's...
IRONIC!
(Like a commercial about not smoking.)
(Like the news.)
(Like your best video game.)
Examples could be hopeful, depressed, agitated.
When the answer is NOT right there in the seletion.
so the reader has to think about it a little...
or a lot.
and
idea.
universal
friendship,
love,
or redemption.
thought.
evidence.
characters,
events,
elements of
or
another literary work
to represent something
Make your best guess!
Hey,
what's the big idea?
Now the plot thickens...
1st:
2nd:
3rd:
4th:
5th:
to show events that took place at an earlier time.
what might happen later.
Do we ever
really know someone?
Can we be honest?
Guess who!!!
To change or not to change?
What a blockhead!
3rd PERSON POINT OF VIEW
The narrator is a character in the action
Seeing Eye to Eye
YOU VS. SANTA
3rd PERSON, LIMITED
The narrator knows. . .
just one character's perspetive.
(Like you!)
3rd, PERSON OMNISCIENT
The narrator knows. . .
EVERYTHING!
(Like Santa!)
Imagine this!
REALISTIC FICTION
– A story that can actually happen
Diary of a Wimpy Kid
Dear Dumb Diary
Shiloh
HISTORICAL FICTION
A story where the setting is historical
The Watsons Go to Birmingham
Dear America
Bud Not Buddy
SCIENCE FICTION
A story that uses science,
real or imagined,
The City of Ember
A Wrinkle in Time
The Giver
FANTASY
A story that has
Harry Potter
Dune
Frogs
HORROR
A story that is shocking or terrifying,
A Natural History of Ghosts
Goosebumps
Spooky Ohio
MYSTERY
A story that solves crimes or secrets.
Sherlock Holmes
The Agency Novels
The Hardy Boys
MYTHOLOGY
Stories about the actions
Percy Jackson
Greek Gods
Hercules
FABLES, FAIRY TALES
FOLKLORE, LEGENDS
A story that has supernatural creatures
The Sorceror's Apprentice
Cinderella
Alladin
Literary
Genres
Characters
and is true to life
and the characters are fictional.
that is sometimes set in the future,
or is on another planet.
other "worldy" characters or settings.
or it evokes a feeling of terror in the reader.
of gods and godesses in other cultures.
or animals that speak.
Beyond
and behind
the Reading
Full transcript