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The History Culture and Cuisine of India
Transcript of The History Culture and Cuisine of India
Pop = 1,065,070,607
Slightly larger than 1/3 of the U.S.
Pop Density = 839
Life expectancy =60\62
Urban Pop = 28%
Fertility rate = 3
Literacy rate = 70\48
Daily Caloric Intake = 2,459
Annual Alcohol Consumption = roughly 1 litre
GDP = $2,670
Physicians per 100,000 = 51
Overweight = 15\14%
Obese Pop = 0.9\1.1
Annual Meat Consumption = 11 lbs
# of McDonalds restaurants = 46
% of beef in a Big Mac in India = 0%
Cigarette consumption per year = 129
% of pop living on less than 2$ a day = 80%
Undernourished pop = 21%
% of pop with access to safe sanitation = 28%
# of nuclear weapons tests conducted in 1998 = 5
# of people killed by the Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004 - 11,000
Third largest purchasing economy in the world
Second largest labour force in the world.
Worlds largest arms importer, accounting for 10% of funds spent on international purchases.
India boasts the second fastest growing automotive industry in the world.
There are some 135,000 traffic related deaths in India per year.
Jayant 48, Sangeeta 42, Neha 19, Akshay 15
Early Modern India
600 AD-1600 AD
This period is largely defined by ethnic regionalism, meaning that no one local kingdom was able to conquer it neighbours and therefore set up a larger territorial empire for itself.
Harsha of Kannauj 606-647
Between 200 BC and 300 AD, because of migration and invasions, what we know as Hinduism emerged and spread throughout India becoming the dominant religion.
During the 10th century nomadic Muslim tribes from Central Asia began making inroads into India. By 1206 AD they had created what we now know as the Delhi Sultanate.
The lone holdouts were a group known as the
whose origins are still unknown but who remained unconquered during this period.
Mughal Empire 1600- 1820's.
Hallmarks of the Mughal style:
All things Persian came into vogue
Relative peace through out the empire thus
Increase of trade, agriculture, centralization of rule and centralization of commerce.
Introduction of a unified tax system that has paid in a uniform silver currency.
Enter the British East India Company who by 1765 had control of the Bengal region.
Initially began as a trading company, accompanied by British soldiers and engaged in the outfitting of the Empire with goods.
By 1820 had completely subdued the entire Indian subcontinent, been enfolded into the British Government, and begun to ship raw materials home rather than just trinkets, spice and tea.
"India for the British"
Important people and dates in Modern India
1848 Lord Dalhousie appointed head of BEIC
Indian Rebellion 1857. Squashed by 1858. Led to the dissolving of BEIC and direct rule of India as a Colony of the British Empire.
Creation of the Indian National Congress in 1885
The railway, telegraph and commercialization of agriculture were introduced very shortly after they were in Britain.
After WWI the non-violent movement of non-cooperation for Indian self-rule began. The leader and enduring symbol of the movement was Mohandas Gandhi.
India achieved Independence in 1947. The nation immediately partitioned itself into India and the Dominion of Pakistan.
India has managed to be the only new country created since WWII to maintain a democratic form of government.
What do you think?
In 1947 India's population was 390 million, with a 6.5% Muslim minority. After Partition India had 330 million people. 60 million people immigrated to East and West Pakistan.
A population survey taken in 1951 found that in both Pakistan and India there were over 7 million displaced people who had moved for the safety of being part of the religious majority.
There are no concrete numbers but it is believed that between 200,000 and 1,000,000 people were killed in the violence that accompanied this mass migration
The other beginning of note from this period was the advent of Sikhism in the Punjab region of India.