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Artuad and the Theatre of Cruelty

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Stephen Green

on 13 May 2015

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Transcript of Artuad and the Theatre of Cruelty

Tric-trac du ciel (poetry), Galerie Simon (Paris), 1923.
L'ombilic des limbes (poetry and essays), Nouvelle Revue Francaise (Paris), 1925, published as "The Umbilicus of Limbo" in Antonin Artaud: Selected Writings, Farrar Straus (New York, NY), 1976.
Le Pese-nerfs (poetry), Collection "Pour vos beau yeux" (Paris), 1925, published with Fragments d'un journal d'enfer, Cahiers du Sud (Marseilles), 1927, published as "The Nerve Meter" and "Fragments of a Diary of Hell" in Antonin Artaud: Selected Writings.
Correspondance avec Jacques Riviere, Nouvelle Revue Francaise, 1927, published as Artaud-Riviere Correspondence in journal Exodus, 1960.
L'Art et la mort (essays), Denoel (Paris), 1929, published as "Art and Death" in Antonin Artaud: Selected Writings.
(With Roger Vitrac) Le Theatre Alfred Jarry et l'hostilite du publique (essays), Nouvelle Revue Francaise, 1930.
(Translator) G. M. Lewis, The Monk, Denoel and Steele (Paris), 1931.
(Translator) Ludwig Lewisohn, The Case of Mr. Crump, Denoel, 1932.
Le Theatre de la cruaute (manifesto), Denoel, 1933.
Heliogabale; ou, l'anarchiste couronne (novel), Denoel and Steele, 1934, published as "Heliogabalus; or, The Anarchist Crowned" in Antonin Artaud: Selected Writings.
Les Cenci (drama), produced at the Theatre Alfred Jarry, Paris, 1935, translation by Simon Watson-Taylor published as The Cenci, Calder and Boyars (London), 1969, Grove (New York, NY), 1970.
Le Theatre de Seraphin, Belmont (Paris), 1936, published as "The Theater of the Seraphim" in Antonin Artaud: Selected Writings.
(As Le Revele) Les Nouvelles revelations de l'etre (prophetic writings), Denoel, 1937, selections published as "The New Revelations of Being" in Antonin Artaud: Selected Writings.
Le Theatre et son double, Gallimard, 1938, published as The Theater and Its Double, Grove Press (New York, NY), 1958.
D'un Voyage au pays de Tarahumaras (essays), Fontaine (Paris), 1945, also published as "Concerning a Journey to the Land of the Tarahumaras" in City Lights Journal, 1964.
Lettres de Rodez, GLM (Paris), 1946, published as "Letters from Rodez" in Antonin Artaud: Selected Writings.
Artaud le momo (poetry), Bordas (Paris), 1947, published as Artaud the Momo, Black Sparrow Press (Santa Barbara, CA), 1976.
Ce-git, precede de la culture indienne (poetry), K Editeur (Paris), 1947, published as "Indian Culture" and "Here Lies" in Antonin Artaud: Selected Writings.
Van Gogh, le suicide de la societe (essay), K Editeur, 1947, published as "Van Gogh: The Man Suicided by Society" in The Tiger's Eye, 1949.
Lettre contre la Cabbale, Haumont (Paris), 1949.
Supplement aux Lettres de Rodez, suivi de Coleridge, le traitre (letters and essay), GLM, 1949.
Lettres d'Antonin Artaud a Jean-Louis Barrault, Bordas, 1952.
La Vie et mort de Satan le feu, Arcanes (Paris), 1953, translation by Alastair Hamilton and Victor Corti published as The Death of Satan, and Other Mystical Writings, Calder and Boyars, 1974.
Les Tarahumaras (letters and essays), L'Arbalete (Isere, France), 1955, published as The Peyote Dance, Farrar Straus, 1976.
Galapagos, les iles du bout du monde (travel), Brodeur (Paris), 1955.
Autre chose que l'enfant beau, Brodeur, 1957.
Voici un endroit, PAB (Paris), 1958.
Mexico (travel), Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico City), 1962.
Lettres a Anais Nin, Editions du Seuil (Paris), 1965.
Lettres a Genica Athanasiou, Gallimard, 1970.
Letter to Andre Breton, translated by Clayton Eshleman, Black Sparrow Press, 1974.
Nouvelles escrits de Rodez (letters and essays), Gallimard, 1977.
Lettres a Anie Besnard, Le Nouveau Commerce (Paris), 1978.
Messages revolutionnaires, Gallimard, 1979.
(Author of commentary) Marcel Bealu, Contes du demi-sommeil, Phebus (Paris), 1979.
L'arve et l'aume; suivi de, 24 lettres a Marc Barbezat, L'Arbalete (Decines, France), 1989.
“I cannot conceive any work of art as having a separate existence from life itself”
- Antonin Artaud, The Theater and Its Double

elaborate props
magic tricks
special lighting
Sounds and tones.
primitive gestures
themes of rape, torture, and murder.
The Myth
Wrote few theatrical pieces.
Directed few plays.
Little success on stage.
Left work open to many interpretations.

What is it?
First introduced by Antonin Artuad
Unleash unconscious responses normally inaccessible.
Not an escape. Realization of deepest fears.
Artuad and the Theatre of Cruelty
The Legend
Drug addiction
Locked in an Asylum
Electro shock Therapy
Loathed sex.
Searched for the Tarahumara in Mexico.
Deported from Ireland, claimed to have walking stick owned by St. Patrick.
His works
violent natural forces are cruel
the single most important fact one should be aware of.
Mental illness?
The Man
Born in 1896 in France
1920's joined the Surrealists
1926 founded Theatre Alfred Jerry
Abandoned Surrealists because of politics.
Distrusted words and spoken dialouge.
Major influence on Beckett and more.

Existence is evil;
Goodness is an act of will, an effort;
To live well, or to live a 'good' life requires an act of will, of effort, to counteract the inherent evil abroad in the universe;
Therefore: it is cruel to have to continually make the effort to live without evil.
Pictures and videos

Antonin (Marie Joseph) Artaud." Contemporary Authors Online. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Literature Resources from Gale. Web. 13 Apr. 2015.
Completed plays.
Spurt of Blood
Full transcript