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History of the 1960s

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on 11 June 2013

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Transcript of History of the 1960s

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The Feminine Mystique
National Organization for Women (NOW)
Respect by Aretha Franklin
Written by Betty Friedan in 1963
Friedan conducted a survey at her 15 year college reunion and found that many women were unhappy, supposedly without reason
Researched for five years before publishing her book
Friedan blames unhappiness on the "idealized image of femininity," the feminine mystique
Women confined to roles within the home, forsaking education and career aspirations
Woman Left Lonely by Janis Joplin
A woman left lonely
Will soon grow tired of waiting
She'll do crazy things, yeah
On lonely occasions

A simple conversation
With a new man now and again
Makes a touchy situation
When her good thing is coming to an end.

And when she gets lonely
She's thinking of her man
She knows he's taking her for granted
And she doesn't understand, no no no no
Oh the fevers of the night
They burn the unloved woman
Yeah those red-hot flames
Try to push old love aside

A woman left lonely
Just the victim of her man, yes she is
When he can't keep up his homework, no!
She's got to do the best she can, yeah!

A woman left lonely!
Oh what a lonely girl!
Lord, lord, lord!

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Talkin' John Birch Paranoid Society Blues
Written by singer-songwriter Bob Dylan in 1962
Parodies the government's extreme anti-communist ideas
John Birch Society: Political organization formed in 1958 to fight Communist threats in the US.
Bob Dylan thought this was a threat to free speech
Paranoid narrator is convinced that communists are infiltrating the country.
He joins the John Birch Society and begins searching for Reds everywhere
Finally, he begins to investigate himself
Masters of War
Written by Bob Dylan in 1963
Protest against the Cold War arms build-up
Many of the songs off his record were inspired by the fear of nuclear war
This particular song written in response to the Cuban Missile Crisis
Associated with the struggle for peace

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Lasted from 1957-1975
Between the Soviets and the United States
April 1961: Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man to orbit the earth in the Vostok 1
May 1961: Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space
May 1961: JFK's promise to the USA
February 1962: John Glenn becomes the first man to orbit earth
January 1967: 3 astronauts killed in a launch simulation fire
December 1968: Apollo 8 became the first manned space mission to orbit the moon
July 16th 1969: Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin, and Michael Collins became the first men to land on the moon
1963: Valentina Tereshkova becomes the the first woman in space aboard the Vostok 6
Space Oddity By David Bowie
Propaganda
"Glory to the Soviet people—the pioneer of space!"


"Soviet man – be proud, you opened the road to stars from Earth!"

How Did This Affect the American People?
Walt Disney has major impact on spreading support for the race to space
"Man in Space"
"Man and the Moon"
"Mars and Beyond"
Space travel
Car designs influenced to look more like space crafts
Popular Mechanics Magazine
Is for a little respect when you come home (just a little bit)
Baby (just a little bit) when you get home (just a little bit)
Yeah (just a little bit)

I'm about to give you all of my money
And all I'm askin' in return, honey
Is to give me my profits
When you get home (just a, just a, just a, just a)
Yeah baby (just a, just a, just a, just a)
When you get home (just a little bit)
Yeah (just a little bit)

(oo) What you want
(oo) Baby, I got
(oo) What you need
(oo) Do you know I got it?
(oo) All I'm askin'
(oo) Is for a little respect when you come home (just a little bit)
Hey baby (just a little bit) when you get home
(just a little bit) mister (just a little bit)

I ain't gonna do you wrong while you're gone
Ain't gonna do you wrong (oo) 'cause I don't wanna (oo)
All I'm askin' (oo)
Established in 1966 by Betty Friedan and Pauli Murray.
In March 1969, NOW attorney Sylvia Roberts argues the first sex discrimination case
Roberts argues that it was sex discrimination for Lorena Weeks, a secretary, to be restricted from higher-paying employment as a "switchman" (operates railroad tracks) because of a 30-pound lifting limit
The court ruled in Weeks v. Southern Bell that the weight limitation rule for women violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act
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The Beatles
The Rolling Stones
The Who
English rock band formed in Liverpool, in 1960
The most commercially successful and critically acclaimed act in the history of music
Best selling band in the United States
John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr

English rock band formed in London in 1962
Symbols and leaders of rebellious youth
Rolling Stone magazine ranked them fourth on the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time" list

The same cigarettes as me
I can't get no, oh no no no
Hey hey hey, that's what I say
I can't get no satisfaction
I can't get no girl reaction
Cause I try and I try and I try and I try
I can't get no, I can't get no
When I'm ridin' round the world
And I'm doin' this and I'm signing that
And I'm tryin' to make some girl
Who tells me baby better come back later next week
Cause you see I'm on losing streak
I can't get no, oh no no no
Hey hey hey, that's what I say
I can't get no, I can't get no
I can't get no satisfaction
No satisfaction, no satisfaction, no satisfaction

I can't get no satisfaction
I can't get no satisfaction
'Cause I try and I try and I try and I try
I can't get no, I can't get no
When I'm drivin' in my car
And that man comes on the radio
And he's tellin' me more and more
About some useless information
Supposed to fire my imagination
I can't get no, oh no no no
Hey hey hey, that's what I say
I can't get no satisfaction
I can't get no satisfaction
'Cause I try and I try and I try and I try
I can't get no, I can't get no
When I'm watchin' my TV
And that man comes on to tell me
How white my shirts can be
But he can't be a man 'cause he doesn't smoke
I Can't Get No Satisfaction
Rock n Roll
I Can't Explain


Got a feeling inside (Can't explain)
It's a certain kind (Can't explain)
I feel hot and cold (Can't explain)
Yeah, down in my soul, yeah (Can't explain)

I said ... (Can't explain)
I'm feeling good now, yeah, but (Can't explain)

Dizzy in the head and I'm feeling blue
The things you've said, well, maybe they're true
I'm gettin' funny dreams again and again
I know what it means, but …

Can't explain
I think it's love
Try to say it to you
When I feel blue

But I can't explain (Can't explain)
Yeah, hear what I'm saying, girl (Can't explain)





Dizzy in the head and I'm feeling bad
The things you've said have got me real mad
I'm gettin' funny dreams again and again
I know what it means but

Can't explain
I think it's love
Try to say it to you
When I feel blue

But I can't explain (Can't explain)
Forgive me one more time, now (Can't explain)

(INSTRUMENTAL INTERLUDE)

I said I can't explain, yeah
You drive me out of my mind
Yeah, I'm the worrying kind, babe
I said I can't explain




President John F Kennedy was shot on November 22, 1963 while riding in the car with his wife, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, who was arrested less than two hours after the shooting
LBJ passes Civil Rights Act of 1964 to honor JFK’s civil rights activism
April 4th 1968, Martin Luther King Junior was assassinated in Memphis, TN
Killed by sniper James Earl Ray (although many, including MLK Jr's own family believe him to be innocent)
Mass riots ensued
1967
1967
1963
1965
Rock band formed in 1964
Members include Roger Daltrey (lead vocals/guitar), Pete Townshend (keyboards) and John Entwistle (bass), and Keith Moon (drums).
Known for energetic live performances, often involving instrument destruction
Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame their first year of eligibility (1990)
Got a man in europe, a man in the states
But the man in this room, just won't wait
Cause I need my sugar
Cause I need my sugar
Cause I need my sugar
I need my sugar fix about 10 twelves times a week

They say every dog will its day
the cheaters will get cheated but I here to say
I am just one gal that can't commit
when my man leaves the room I need another hit.
Cause I need my sugar fix about 10 twelve times.

Somethimes it feels like substance abuse
The way need I need my sugar won't cept no excuse
one of these days diabetes may hit
End all my sugarin' and all have to quit
Cause I need a sugar fix about 10 12 times a week

Oh did you hear the news?
Coming out of Memphis Tennessee yesterday
Yes fellow, I know you had to've heard the news
That happened down in Memphis, Tennessee yesterday
There came a sniper
And wiped Martin Luther King's Life away

On the 14th of April in the year 1968
On the 14th of April in the year 1968
You know there come a mean man
Pop a bullet through Dr. King's head

Oh when his and kids came down
All they could do is moan
Oh when his and kids came down
All they could do is moan
Now the world's in revolt
Because Dr. King is gone
Oh did you hear the news?
Coming out of Memphis Tennessee yesterday
Yes fellow, I know you had to've heard the news
That happened down in Memphis, Tennessee yesterday
There came a sniper
And wipes Martin Luther King's Life away

On the 14th of April in the year 1968
On the 14th of April in the year 1968
You know there come a mean man
Pop a bullet through Dr. King's head

Oh when his and kids came down
All they could do is moan
Oh when his and kids came down
All they could do is moan
Now the world's in revolt
Because Dr. King is gone

They say the the darker the berry the sweeter the juice
And I'm one brown gal with mean sweet tooth
When I go out at night and paint the town
I like lots of sweet honeys hanging round
Cause I I need my sugar fix bout 10 twelves times a week

They say the nearer bone the sweeter the meat
If I can't my bone I won't complete
So if I can shake my old man now
give em the slip and go cattin on the town
Cause I need a sugar fix bout 10 12 times a week

Gonna cut up wide and that's the truth
Get my fill of men I got my youth
Cause I need my sugar
Cause I need my sugar
I need my sugar fix about 10 twelves times a week

1968
Tribute to MLK Jr.
by Otis Spann
And the night comes again to the circle studded sky
The stars settle slowly, in loneliness they lie
'Til the Universe explodes as a falling star is raised
Planets are paralyzed, mountains are amazed
But they all glow brighter from the brilliance of the blaze
With the speed of insanity then He died

In the green fields a turnin', baby is born
His cries crease the wind and mingle with the morn
An assault upon the order, changing of the guard
Chosen for a challenge that is hopelessly hard
And the only single sound is the sighing of the stars
But to the silence of distance they are sworn

So dance, dance, dance
Teach us to be true
Come, dance, dance, dance
'Cause we love you

Images of innocence charge Him go on
But the decadence of destiny is looking for a pawn
To a nightmare of knowledge he opens up the gate
Binding revelation is laid upon His plate
That beneath the greatest love is a hurricane of hate
And God help the critic of the dawn

The Crucifixion
by Phil Ochs
1966
Significance:
Ochs compared the deaths of Jesus Christ and President John F. Kennedy as part of a "cycle of sacrifice" in which people build up heroes and then celebrate their destruction

Robert Kennedy was killed on June 5, 1968
Shot by Sirhan Sirhan, who shot Kennedy due to his support of Israel
Kennedy's celebration for winning the California Primary morphed into a wake
Brother Ted Kennedy's eulogy; “My brother need not be idealized, or enlarged in death beyond what he was in life; to be remembered simply as a good and decent man, who saw wrong and tried to right it, saw suffering and tried to heal it, saw war and tried to stop it.”

Women's Revolution
Stop In the Name of Love- The Supremes
A woman begs for her cheating man to come back and make her life complete
Early 1960's women sang devoting themselves to their loved ones
Dominant mood of female pop & love songs
Women is Losers- Janis Joplin (1967)
Growth of feminism
New attitudes towards public display of sexuality
Songs are far more assertive towards end of 60s
Women flaunted sexuality but discrimination prevailed
Song about the double standard using satire
Tet Offensive
January 30, 1968
Viet Cong attack South Vietnam Cities
Political victory for North Vietnam
Three Days of Peace and Music
Protesting Vietnam War
Represents the decade
Hippies
500,000 people attended
Legacy/Influence
Divided the nation
America invincible
Hippie generation
Want peace
Introduction of protest music
Phil Ochs
I Ain't Marching Anymore (1965)
I Have a Dream
March on Washington
Civil and economic rights for African Americans
200,000-300,000 people
Sam Cooke - A Change is Gonna Come (1963)
Major Acts
24th Amendment
Abolished poll tax
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
Bans racial discrimination
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Outlawed discriminatory voting practices
Bob Dylan - Times They are a Changin' (1964)
Black Panther Party
Black Power Movement
Self-determination
racial pride
Fight oppression
Full transcript