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The elements and principles of art

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Shirley Betancourt

on 1 November 2012

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Transcript of The elements and principles of art

The Elements and Principles
of Art in Photography Line A point moving in space Shape A shape is created when a line meets itself. They can be either geometric or organic. A form is similar to a shape but while a shape is 2D, a form is 3D. and Form Value Value is the quality of light and dark, both in terms of color and shades of gray. Color Color is the light in a photograph Space Space is the two-dimensional arrangement of objects in a photograph. Texture It appeals to the sense of touch. The elements of Art The Principles of Design Pattern The repetition of any elements of art. Balance The appearance of equal visual weight within a composition. Unity When all the individual parts of your photograph come together and support each other to make one unified image. Variety All diverse art elements and principles found in a picture. Movement and Rhythm Movement refers to how the viewer's eye travels through a picture. Rhythm is a type of movement that is created by the organized repetition of art elements. Emphasis It refers to dominance and subordination- giving some objects greater visual importance or reducting the visual importance. It can also mean that an object in the image stands out from the rest. Proportion The relationship between the size of objects or components in an image. By: Shirley Betancourt This photo shows vertical lines that make up the bamboos and horizontal lines inside the bamboos, which makes rectangle-like shapes. This photo shows a plantain leaf. There's a diagonal line going from the bottom to the top and a bunch of horizontal lines going across. The shapes in this photo are portrayed in the windows. Some of the shapes are organic and some are circles, squares, oval-like, and rectangles. The columns make a cylinder shape, which is a form. This photo shows a flower and a dragonfly. The petals and the dragonfly's wings make a oval-like shape. Also, the leaves in the background make organic shapes. This photo portrays a snail and it's a good example to show texture. The snail looks rough and slimy. The colors and the shiny stuff on it, makes it look slimy and the little bumps makes it look rough. When you look at this picture, you can already imagine what it will feel like just because of the details on it. This is another good example of texture because just from looking at it, you can already feel its pointy. The upside-down cone-like shapes in the middle makes it look pointy. This photo shows the warm colors. The warm colors are related with warm things. This photo is mostly orange, yellow, and red. You can see the orange color in her face from the fire. Which makes it look like it's hot. This photo shows symmetrical balance. What is found in one side of the image is found on the other side. This photo shows that because of the reflection of the landscape on the surface of the water. This photo shows space because the object is surrounded by a neutral color. The space that surrounds a photo is called negative space. This photo shows emphasis because the photographer makes the water drops look bigger than what they're actually like. This photo shows space because the background can look 2D but the ice cream cones look 3D because of their position. This photo shows the cool colors. The blue in this image gives it that icy feeling. It also gives a relaxed and calmed mood. This is a photo that shows value because you can see where the light is on the image and the shadow of the apple. You can also see all the different types of reds that are all throughout the apple. This photo shows value because you can see black,white, and shades of gray all throughout the image. You can see the whites more in the center and bottom of the rose. You can see the black in the background and you can see gray at the top of the petals and in the background also. This image is also a good example of emphasis because the object is in color and the background is in black and white which makes the object stands out from the whole photograph. This photograph shows pattern because you can see all throughout the hands how the element of art line is repeated. It also has shape and balance. This photograph portrays a staircase. This stair have two sides and both sides are exactly the same, which makes it symmetrical and a great example to show balance. This image shows a set of stairs going in a circular motion from the bottom to the top. This is a good example to show movement because when you look at this picture, it takes your eye through the whole image to land on a focal point, which in this case is the black circle at the top of the photo. This photo portrays a mini waterfall. It shows movement because it drags your eyes from where the waterfall begins to wherever it ends. This is a photograph that shows variety because there are all different types and colors of sea shells in this image. The elements and principles of art represented in this picture are color, line, unity, and pattern. This image portrays unity because when you look at it, it has a lot of different objects but the cool thing about it is that all those objects can together to form a unified photograph. In this photo there is a bridge, a road, trees, and a beautiful sky that shows a sunrise. This picture portrays three canoes in the water. The canoes are in the right hand corner. Also, in the surface of the water there's a reflection of trees. This photo shows unity because there's a lot of objects and they all come together to form an unified image.
This photograph shows a river in a forest. The river is kinda in a rocky place, the water is running between the rocks. The forest is in the back and the water is coming down from the top of the picture to the bottom. This picture shows proportion because the rocks in the front look bigger than the rocks in the back and the trees in the forest. This photograph shows a land and a sky. It is very plain but it is also a good example to show proportion because the sky looks very big. The sky takes up almost the whole picture. The ground looks like a small stripe at the the bottom of the image. This photo portrays different types of spices, they're in bowls. There are placed in different rows, there's three rows. The spices are in different colors, textures, and shapes, which is variety. This image is a cemetery. The graves shows pattern because they're repeated throughout the whole picture. They start in the front and continue to the back. The
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