Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Revolutions 1820-1848

Europe post Napoleon

sean meade

on 14 January 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Revolutions 1820-1848

Frederick William IV
Habsburg Empire
Issue of Nationalism

July Revolution
Deposed Charles X
Charles X
Louis Philippe
Celebrating Liberty using
Romantic style
Liberty Leading the People
-Bad Harvests 1845/6
(Remember Ireland)
-Unemployment, financial crisis
-Stubborn Inaction of Louis Philippe's
the "Bourgeoisie Monarchy"
-Lack of legislation
-Complacent chief minister, Francois Guizot

-Vote increased from 100,000 to 200,000
so only the rich
-Electoral reform refused
-Barricades 2/22
-L.P. abdicated for Grandson 2/24
-People proclaim a Provisional Republic
-Constitution of 2nd Republic
-10 Men executive
-All men could vote
-End Slavery in colonies
-No death penalty
-10 Hour work day
Moderates- universal suffrage was enough
Radicals- Critical of Capitalism, for individualism and utopian society, appalled at poverty and urban poor, committed to socialism

Depression, unemployment increased
Lous Blanc and Worker Albert
-Pressed for socialist right to work
*Cooperative workshops (not capitalistic)
Temporary relief
Flood to Paris for National Workshops that were created. 10,000 in March 120,000 by June w/ 80,000 w/o jobs
Elections- April:
New Constituent Assembly
500 Moderate Republicans (Alexis de Tocqueville)
300 Monarchists
100 Radical Socialist
-Violent Reaction from Peasants, Middle, and Upper class
Louis Blanc dropped from Exec. Comm.
Workers invaded Constituent Assembly
National Guard suppressed the uprising**
6/22 Workshops dissolved
Either work in provinces or join the army
Class war** Barricades, Violence***
JUNE DAYS- 10,000 killed/wounded
General Louis Cavaignac was victorius
*+* Louis Napoleon was a landslide victory in 12/1848
Propertied class wanted order
-Semi Authoritarian
-Demand for liberal constitution
-Revolt of workers, students, middle class liberals, peasants
Monarch, aristocracy, and the regular army recover nerve and
reassert authority
-Demand Nationalism
Louis Kossuth
-National Autonomy
-Full Civil Liberties
-Universal Suffrage
Greece fought
the Ottoman Empire
-The Western powers helped with thier navies
-Russia gained some access and protectorate of regions in the Balkans!!
No reaction:
Then- Peasant disorder and new Viennes Student worker demands 3/13
Habsburg Ferdinand I capitulated;
Promised reforms, liberal constitution
*** Metternich fled to London
Unstable coalition
3/20Serfdom Abolished- peasants happy (-: LOST INTEREST
Now most peasants a possible ally, especially those in army
**Conflicting National Aspirations:
Hungary- Liberal Democracy, widespread voting, civil liberties, end fuedal obligations. Nationalism
-+*Minority groups saw unification as unacceptable; Croats, Serbs, Romanians, etc
Bohemia based, Prague
Led by Palacky (Historian)
Conflict with German Nationals
+ Urban workers act as radical as French
Split: Middle Class and Socialists
Socialist workshops, (burshcenshaften), and universal male suffrage
Sophia, Archduchess, rallied forces of Aristocracy (Aunt of Otto in Greece)
Crushed the rebellion
Ferdinand I abdicated
Franz Joseph, son of Sophia inherits, crowned 12/1848
Nobles and Church agreed
** Prince Alfred Windischgratz bombarded Prague 6/17
Crushed the revolt
July 1848 N. Italy pacified with army
October Vienna retaken, 4,000 casualties

Hungary- the army struggled, so Russia w/ Nicholas Ient a hand
6/6/1849 130,00o troops
Hungary ruled as conquered country until 1866

Constitution, liberalism, 38 states (klein oder gross)
Middle Class: Pro liberal constituional monarchy
Influenced by fall of L.P. in France
Berlin- Not Granted
FW IV, insane, vacillated
Forced to salute corpses
Caved in on 3/21- Promis of L. Const.
2 businessmen from the Rhineland to form a gov't
-Workers want more!! : Universal voting, ministry of labor
minimum wage, 10 hr work day (3/26/1848). Scared Middle class!!
-Aristocracy, wanted less (Otto von Bismarck joined)

Assembly to write a constitution

Frankfurt Assembly 5/18 820 men, 200 lawyers, 100 professors, 140 businessmen,
judges, officials, doctors, etc.

Denmark (Schleswig and Holstein an issue); Holstein mostly German, ruled by Frederick VII.
He wanted to incorporate them. German revolt
Called for Prussia to stop Denmark.
Liberal Constitution
Elect FW IV as emperor w/o Pr. or Austria
Authoritarian assertion of power
Disbanded Prussian Constituent Assembly
**Limited Constitution, reasserted divine right
He would not accept a "crown from the gutter"
Prussia renounced claim to unify
Confederation re-established
Ferdinand VII
July Monarchy of Louis Philippe
-Orlean branch of Bourbon family
-Fought in 1792 Revolutionary army
"King of the French People" symbolic
also "Citizen King" and "Bourgeoisie Monarchy"
Suffrage extended from 100K-170,000
Moderate liberals dominate
-Chief Minister Guizot: Arrogance and
insensitivity- "enriche vous"
Issues: Constitutionalism
-need for a Constitution
Other Issues:
Nationalism and Multinationalism
-a key issue for Austria
Secret Societies
-desire for a national liberal state

Moderate Liberals and Constitutional
Nationalism and republicanism

-Social agenda of Liberals
-Social problems of Capitalism
Charles X, brother of Louis XVI
and Louis XVIII
-Emigres property was restored
-Censored the Press
-Church gained greater control of education
-Dissolved new Chamber of Deputies which many Liberals had won election to
-Deprived rich Bourgeoisie the right to vot
-Curbed the press.
Rebellion of Bourgeoisie, Students, Workers
led to
Abdication in favor of
Louis Philippe
-Over speculation, business failures,
unemployment, reduced wages

Selfish, entrenched, unresponsive,
cracked down on radials, assassination

50 Killed when Guizot was dismissed,
who said; get rich, then you can vote

Radical Republicans
-critical of capitalism
-support of utopian societies
-appalled at poverty and urban poor
-committed to socialism
Full transcript