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Triangular Trade Routes

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Batavia Schools 5th Grade SS

on 16 January 2014

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Transcript of Triangular Trade Routes

Colonial Trade Routes:
The Triangular Trade

As the colonial economy grew, cities like...
New York
Became thriving trading centers
An important part of colonial trade
was the slave trade.
In this type of trade, ships brought captive Africans to the colonies, where they were sold and then forced to work as slaves.
West Indies
13 Colonies
Some of these trade routes became known as triangular trade routes. They got their name from their triangular shape.
Here is how one typical trade route would work
Ships would leave New England carrying rum (made from sugar), and iron products like guns and chains.
Once in Africa they would trade the goods they brought for gold and captive Africans
This part of the journey became known as the Middle Passage because it was the second out of three stops. Captive Africans suffered terribly during this leg of the journey. Many Africans died because of the horrible conditions suffered on the ship.
In the West Indies, the ships exchanged captive Africans and gold for sugar and molasses, a syrup made from sugarcane? (Sound familiar?)
Molasses and sugar were the key ingredients for Rum.
Many slaves were forced to work on sugar plantations. Others were brought north to the 13 Colonies
Once these ships made it back to colonial ports
they were unloaded, and using the sugar and molasses, colonist would make rum. This would start the process all over again.
Some Africans were used a household servants in the Northern Colonies but most were unloaded and sold to plantation owners. These Africans were forced to work without pay and not much time off.
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