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Creating a Power Supply Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles

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Jamal Perry

on 16 April 2015

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Transcript of Creating a Power Supply Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles

Proposal to Increase the Usage of Electric Vehicles
Adam Buehler
Hannah Emerling
Mingjun Hou
Jordan Page
Jamal Perry

Worldwide Progress
President Obama has initiated an plan for 1 million electric vehicles
Vehicle Production has dramatically increased
Other countries are increasing the research and production of vehicles, why cant the U.S. Government continue to expand its research?
Researching Electric Vehicles
The U.S. government must acknowledge and advertise preexisting research
The government must demonstrate both to consumers and automobile makers their benefits
Introduction
The State of CO2 Emissions
For centuries, CO2 has been cycling throughout the Earth and its atmosphere through plants and animals
Humans have disrupted that cycle, increasing the CO2 in the air
CO2 is greenhouse gas, so it traps heat, warming the Earth

Proposed Solution
The U.S. Government should give incentives for the installation of electric vehicle charging stations
Incentives should be modeled to have appealing programs for employers, businesses, and residential locations
Implementations will increase consumer confidence in investing in this revolutionary transportation technology
Increase Charging Stations Nationwide
Only 9,165 public charging stations nationwide
Installing practical charging stations is expensive
National government action is necessary to initiate change
Renewable Energy
Wind and Solar Energy
Many cities already taking advantage of solar hot spots
Honolulu, San Jose, San Diego
more than 50 watts of installed solar photovoltaic capacity per person
8/10 largest wind farms are already in the US
Health benefits to switching to renewable energies
Expanding the Grid
Flexible Consumption
Use smart phones as a tool
avoid high demand times and charge at at night.
Emerging Technology--Electric Vehicles
Produce no CO2 and use sustainable energies from electricity.
Make the automotive industry to become a major target for reduction of CO2.
Increase the efficiency of the vehicles as a whole.
Has made the government and the automakers to focus more on improving the efficiency for transportation industry.
Aim to create a sustainable world for generations to generations.
Conclusion
Issues of Concern
Necessity of Implementation
Incentives align with guidelines set by the Rocky Mountain Institute's Project Get Ready
Project Get Ready necessitates charge stations at the workplace, in public zones, and in residential locations
Introduction
Will help to create a more sustainable world
Reduces the amount of emissions
Create vehicles that are more efficient, demanding less power
How Research Benefits Companies
Research has already improved the weight and price of the battery in EVs
Manufacturing costs have decreased due to increasing knowledge
Reducing gas mileage incentives consumer purchase
If production costs decrease and sparks consumer purchase then the information must be expressed to automobile companies
Consumer Benefits
Decrease in fuel costs for consumer
Need to stimulate research in renewable energy and efficiency of electric vehicles to decrease use of power grid
Electric vehicles have a lower ownership cost after 3-5 years
Developing a way to have charging stations available for people who live in apartments by initiating action plans
Strong Power Grid
Infrastructure must be expanded
Connect new solar farms and wind farms with submarine cables
Job creation
Bio Mass
Organic energy that can be used as fuel
Use biomass when sun and wind is not strong
CO2 Emissions In US
By Type:
The Biggest Contributors:
Electricity: 38%
Transportation: 32%
Electric Vehicles Can Reduce CO2 Emissions
Gasoline Engines
6% of Gasoline is used to accelerate vehicles
19% is used for other functions
The remaining 75% is rejected energy
Electric Vehicles
80% of electric energy stored in batteries accelerates a vehicle
Quick Facts
In 2006, Gasoline Vehicles consumed 135,694x10^6 Gallons of Gasoline
This results in 1,439x10^6 tons of CO2
Gasoline Vehicles
Electric Vehicles
From Production and Charging, there would be 607x10^6 tons of CO2 emitted
What About the Power Grid?
Electric vehicles would need .128 to .155 Kwh of electricity per mile
This adds up to 804x10^6 Kwh more of electricity will need produced
This is a 58% Decrease in CO2 output
This is a 20% increase in electricity production requirement
Moving Forward
The Government Must:
Encourage car companies to make electric vehicles
Offer incentives to make charging stations mainstream
Expand the power grid to sustain electric vehicles
Siluk, S. (2014, April 3). US used more energy, put out more CO2, in 2013 - Gridovate. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
Agenbroad, J., & Holland, B. (2014). Pulling Back the Veil on EV Charging Station Costs. Retrieved March 3, 2015, from http://blog.rmi.org/blog_2014_04_29_pulling_back_the_veil_on_ev_charging_station_costs.

Station Locator Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC). (2014). Alternative Fueling Station Locator. Retrieved March 3, 2015, from http://www.afdc.energy.gov/locator/stations/?fuel=ELEC.

Developing Infrastructure Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC). (2015). Developing Infrastructure to Charge Plug-In Electric Vehicles. Retrieved March 3, 2015, from http://www.afdc.energy.gov/fuels/electricity_infrastructure.html.

Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI). (2009). Project Get Ready. Retrieved March 3, 2015, from http://www.rmi.org/Content/Files/Project Get Ready Menu.pdf.

Carbon Dioxide has become the most frequent and most common emission in the U.S.
Burning of fossil fuels contributed to most of CO2 emissions in the United States.
Improvement of either electricity production or transportation by using less CO2 emitting substances could greatly reduce the amounts of carbon dioxide emissions in the atmosphere.

Problem Facing--Infrastructure
Most urgent attention is about the power stations for the electric vehicles.
Introduction of electric vehicles calls for the United States to improve its power grid.
How to Solve the Problem?
Expansion of power grid.
Transition to alternative fuels.
Government incentives--encourage researches, installation discount and tax relief.
Increase awareness of the public to use electric vehicles.
Future
A shift toward electric vehicles may face a great deal of problems. The benefits that come along however makes the electric vehicles a worthy consideration.
It is a journey to improving our environment and lifestyle of the people involved.
It is now upon the government to look at these issues through the same lens.
Source: Department of Energy, One Million Electric Vehicles by 2015, Rep., at 11 (2011), from
http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/pdfs/1_million_electric_vehicles_rpt.pdf.
Source: Department of Energy, One Million Electric Vehicles by 2015, Rep., at 11 (2011), from
http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/pdfs/1_million_electric_vehicles_rpt.pdf.
Source: U.S. backs off goal of one million electric cars by 2015. (2013, January 21). Retrieved March 6,
2015, from Reuters.com website: http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/01/31/
us-autos-greencars-chu-idUSBRE90U1B020130131
Source: Germany Boosts Electric Vehicle Development. (n.d.). Retrieved March 1, 2015, from Worldwatch
Institute website: http://www.worldwatch.org/node/6251

Source: Department of Energy, One Million Electric Vehicles by 2015, Rep., at 11 (2011), from
http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/pdfs/1_million_electric_vehicles_rpt.pdf.
Outline of Programs
Employers
Rebate for installing five Level 2 stations
$750 for wall mounted
$1000 for pedestal
Extra rebate of same value for every additional twenty stations
Businesses
Gives funding for up to half the cost of installation
Residential Locations
$750 rebate for installing Level 2 station
Energinet. (2011, October 26). Smart grid Denmark [Video file]. Retrieved from
Fox, C. (Ed.). (n.d.). The 20 best cities for solar power. Retrieved from Huffington Post website:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/04/17/best-cities-solar-power_n_5162615.html
Plumer, B. (Ed.). (2013, July 15). These maps show the best places to put solar and wind power.
Retrieved March 6, 2015, from Washington Pose website: http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/
wonkblog/wp/2013/07/15/
these-maps-show-the-best-places-to-put-solar-and-wind-power-its-not-where-you-think/
Top 10 biggest wind farms. (2013, September 30). Retrieved March 6, 2015, from Power Technology
website: http://www.power-technology.com/features/
feature-biggest-wind-farms-in-the-world-texas/
Biomass energy resources in the United States. (n.d.). Retrieved March 6, 2015, from Tribal Energy
and Environmental Information website: http://teeic.indianaffairs.gov/er/biomass/restech/dist/
index.htm
Air quality information for the Sacramento region. (n.d.). Retrieved March 6, 2015, from Spare the
Air website: http://www.sparetheair.com/health.cfm?page=healthoverall
Carbon Dioxide Emissions. (2014, July 2). Retrieved March 6, 2015. From http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/gases/co2.html.
Carbon Dioxide Emissions. (2014, July 2). Retrieved March 6, 2015. From http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/gases/co2.html.
Saxton, T. (2009, November 17). Electric Vehicle Efficiency Analysis. Retrieved March 6, 2015. From http://www.saxton.org/EV/efficiency.php.
Lovins TED Talk: We Must Win the Oil Endgame. (2008, January 8). Retrieved March 6, 2015. From http://www.rmi.org/lovins+ted+winning+the+oil+endgame.
Sobral, M.C, Jabbour A. B. L. Sousa, and Jabbour C. J. Chiappetta. "Green Benefits from Adopting Lean Manufacturing: a Case Study from the Automotive Sector." Environmental Quality Management. 22.3 (2013):
65-72. Print.

Sobral, M.C, Jabbour A. B. L. Sousa, and Jabbour C. J. Chiappetta. "Green Benefits from Adopting Lean Manufacturing: a Case Study from the Automotive Sector." Environmental Quality Management. 22.3 (2013): 65-72. Print.

Source: Department of Energy. Map 1. Public electric vehicle charging stations in the United Sates, June 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2015, from http://www.bls.gov/green/electric_vehicles/map_1.jpg
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