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Smart and Modern Textiles

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Adeline Tsui

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of Smart and Modern Textiles

SMART AND MODERN TEXTILES What is SMART textiles? SMART : Euratex's definition of SMART textiles is : Passive textile structure capable of responding to external stimulation i.e. from pressure, temperature, light, low voltage current etc. The definition generally means that SMART textiles is a form of textiles that utilizes materials which aids it purpose, and can 'sense' what is around it. For example, a textiles company explains it as : Smart materials respond to differences in temperature or light and change in some way. They are called smart because they sense conditions in their environment and respond to those conditions. Smart materials appear to 'think' and some have a 'memory' as they revert back to their original state. The term 'smart' can be ambiguous as in some cases it is difficult to distinguish between modern and smart. The picture on the right shows a
shirt designed in America concerning
SMART textiles. The shirt is normally
black and white, but once under sun
light, it will change colour due to the
UVB light rays. This is how the
fabric 'senses' its surroundings. What is MODERN textiles? They can also 'sense' other things regarding
thermal, chemical, magnetic and mechanical changes in the environment MODERN: A textile company explained MODERN textiles as : Modern materials are developed through the invention of new or improved processes, for example, as a result of 'man' made materials/ingredients or human intervention, in other words not naturally occurring changes. They are altered to perform a particular function. Many smart and modern materials are developed for specialised applications but some eventually become available for general use. SMART AND MODERN : The main definition of MODERN AND SMART fabrics are fabrics and materials that are designed to maximize for example lightness, breathability, waterproofing etc, or to react to heat or light. They are usually manufactured using microfibres. Different people have different definitions of SMART AND MODERN textiles, here are examples: However, SMART textiles are in general named this way as they are 'smart' due to their design concerning maximum lightness, breatheability and reactions to heat and light etc. EXAMPLES OF FABRICS Microfibre Woven polyester lightweight
good drape
shower-proof raincoats
active sportswear
fashion clothing NAME TECHNOLOGY PROPERTIES FINAL USE Polar fleece brushed polyester
warp knit lightweight
warm fleece jumpers and jackets
blankets Gore-Tex Laminated membrane breathable
waterproof All-weather jackets and shoes Micro-encapsulated Different micro-capsules
embedded in the fibre or fabric gives off an aromatic
scentcan reduce body
odour can provide
vitamins or reduce skin
irritation underwear
anti-bacterial socks
medical textiles Heat sensitive Thermochromic Micro-encapsulated
dye can change colour
in response to heat
(lasts for 5-10 washes) children's clothes
sports clothing
firefighters' clothing
wound dressings Light sensitive Photochromic dyes Smart pigments change
colour in response to sunlight T-shirts
military clothing The accurate definition MODERN textiles is literally the same as SMART textiles, though the only difference is that SMART textiles react to its external surroundings, for example, if a baby was wearing clothes made for SMART materials and had a fever, the fabric would change colour to inform the parents, though MODERN textiles lack this ability. Why use SMART AND MODERN textiles? SMART AND MODERN textiles use materials designed to reach the maximum effectiveness, whether its for thermal insulation, light sensitivity etc, the products are made to be the best of its kind.
It also helps people during emergencies, for example, referring to the baby example, the clothes made of SMART materials could help parents in emergencies as the colour of the clothes would change colour if the baby had a fever. SMART AND MODERN textiles can help with decreasing the production of clothes as well, as thermal insulating materials can stop people from buying lots of blankets etc, as just one product will provide enough heat. SMART AND MODERN textiles have alot of benefits if used properly.
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