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Gobi Desert

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Emerson Alderson

on 5 September 2012

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Transcript of Gobi Desert

Gobi Desert The Gobi Desert is the fifth largest desert in
the world. It is situated on the borderlands of Southern
Mongolia and Northern China. It is around 1920 kilometres
long. It has been reported that the desert is so long it would
take a year to go from end to end; and at the narrowest
point it would take a month to cross it. In Mongolian, the
word ‘Gobi’ means large and dry which means the Gobi is
well named. FLORA GOBI IN THE WORLD CLOSER VIEW Four different species of plants are the Sauxal Tree, Saltwort, Wild Onions and Tamarix. You could say the Saxual tree is the most important plant of the Gobi Desert. Throughout the rock and sand in this desert, the sauxal tree is one of the only sources of water. Both humans and animals are able to harvest the moisture because it is found behind the trees bark. This isn’t the only tree able to survive in the Gobi though. Both the Sauxal Tree and Wild Onions provide things to the fauna of the desert. Wild Onions provide a food source to animals. The plant is said to have a hazelnut taste. The plant Tamarix is part of the desert shrubbery. It is able to survive the extreme temperatures and low rainfall. It adds a bit of colour to the scenery of the Gobi. The Saltwort is quite a special plant. It can be found where not many other plants can survive which is the salty part of the desert. The saltwort is a weed-like plant which has a huge tolerance to salt. To survive in the Gobi Desert, the plants have to
come up with specific adaptions which are suitable
to the type of plant they are. Some plants have to
absorb carbon dioxide at night instead of during the
day whereas some need to get to better water supplies.
To do so they grow extra-long roots. Other plants
display fewer leaves to help them gather more water
when it rains. ADAPTATIONS MEDICAL PURPOSES There is one type of plant which is found in the
Gobi Desert that can be used for medical purposes.
This plant is the Wild Onions. Wild Onions is mainly
used for cold, cough, angina, bacterial infections and
asthma treatment. We crush up this plant and it can
be used to cure colds. It has been told that Native
American’s eat the wild onions species Allium tricoccum
to cure colds. You can also use the juice found in Wild
Onions as an antiseptic to clean wounds and cuts. FAUNA INSECTS Scorpion FISH Grayling
Lenok Trout
Taimen Of Mongolia REPTILES Plate Tailed Gecko
Central Asian Viper MAMMALS Snow Leopard
Gobi Bear
Bactarian Camel BIRDS Golden Eagle AMPHIBIANS SALTWORT WILD ONIONS Hangai Mountain Range I think the most interesting animal from
the Gobi Desert is the Gobi Bear. The Gobi
Bear is a very rare, light brown bear which
is found throughout 3 main locations in the
Gobi Desert in the southwest Mongolia. There
are 22-28 of these bears left in the whole world
and a third of them are females. They are quite
small for a bear weighing 80-120 kilograms and
are classified as critically threatened with
extinction. Their threats include harvesting for
Chinese medicine, increasing illegal mining,
trophy hunting and many of them die because
of climate change. HOW DOES IT SURVIVE? The Gobi Bear is barely surviving with only
22-28 of these bears left in the world. They
are on the endangered animals list. They are
omnivores with a diet consisting of lizards,
mice, berries, grass roots etc. They also eat
insects and grass hoppers. These bears practice
hibernation or winter sleep. ADAPTATIONS The animal has made many adaptations in
order to survive. The Gobi Bear goes
underground in order to escape the boiling
heat during the summer. The Gobi Bear also
has light brown fur. This is to dissipate the
extreme heat. FOODCHAIN Describe the desert food chain: As you can see in
the diagram below the larger predators are at the
top of the food chain. This is because they are
usually faster, larger, stronger or more skilled than
other animals. This makes it easier for them to
catch and kill their prey. This category includes
mainly hawks and big birds and the Kit Fox. Next
are the smaller predators, carnivores and the
insectivores consisting of tarantulas, scorpions,
lizards and snakes. These animals prey on all the
animals below them in the food chain because they
are weaker or smaller. Underneath them are the plant
eaters and primary consumers. These animals are too
small to prey on any other animals because they are too
small so these animals are herbivores and eat plants
instead. Those are animals such as insects, lizards,
rodent’s kangaroo and rats. Lastly on the bottom are
the primary producers. All of these are plants. They
basically drink the rain that falls to give them the
nutrients they need to keep growing. NATIVE PEOPLE The native people of the Gobi Desert are
basically the people who live there now.
They are the Mongolians. They have lived
there their whole lives and through all
their generations. The main occupation of
these people is nomadic cattle raising. This
is how most of the people over there get
their money although agriculture is major
in regions where the Chinese are concentrated. PRESENT DAY
INHABITANTS Most of the people living in the Gobi Desert
are Mongolian but since the 1950’s the
population of the Han Chinese in Inner Mongolia
has been steadily increasing. In the Gobi there
are usually fewer than 3 people per square mile
because it is so cold and provides very little
moisture. There are lots of visitors to the Gobi
thought. There are traditionally a lot of nomadic
people going there. FOOD, SHELTER AND
LIFESTYLE People living at the Gobi desert are nomadic
they live where there is a supply of water.
People mainly keep moving upstream to ensure
there is enough water for everyone. This means
their shelter is a felt-covered yurt which is
circular. Yurts are easily packed up and set up
making it better for the people since they are
nomadic. These shelters have barely changed
throughout their 2000 years of use. FOLKLORE A piece of interesting folklore is the
Mongolian Death Worm. The Mongolian
Death Worm is a creature reported to
exist in the Gobi Desert which is
considered a cryptid, an animal whose
sightings and reports are disputed and
unconfirmed. It is said to be bright red
and have a body o.6 - 1.5 m. Apparently,
the worm has the ability to turn
anything it touches yellow and
corroded and it can kill from a discharge
by means of electric discharge. Man-Made Environmental
Problems The main man-made environmental
problem in the area is desertification.
Desertification is the degradation of
land in any dry land. Desertification is
caused by a variety of factors, such as
climate change and human activities.
Desertification is a significant global
ecological and environmental problem
which is occurring in deserts and other
dry places around the world. TEMPERATURE The temperature over the course of
the year varies quite a lot. It can be
as cold as -40 Degrees in the winter
and it can get to as hot as 122 Degrees
in the summer. In winter the Gobi can
be quite cold. Sometimes there is frost
and occasionally snow on the sand
dunes. Also being located on a plateau
around 910-1,520 metres above sea level
can contribute to the low temperatures. RAINFALL The average rainfall per year for the
Gobi Desert is 194 millimetres or 7.6
inches. There is additional moisture
which reaches parts of the Gobi in
winter when the wind blows slow
from the Siberian Steppes. UNUSUAL PHENOMENON
OCCURRING IN WEATHER An unusual phenomenon that occurs
in the weather in this place is the rapid
changes of temperature. Not only does
the temperature change instantly
throughout the year but some of the
biggest changes can occur in the time
period of 24 hours. This is sometimes
by as much as 32 Degrees Celsius. CLIMATIC GRAPH TYPE OF DESERT The Gobi Desert is an arid Desert
because it receives less then 250
millimetres of precipitation
each year. SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE GOBI AND THE MOJAVE DIFFERENCES
BETWEEN THE
GOBI AND THE
MOJAVE The differences between the Mojave
Desert and the Gobi Desert are:
The Mojaveans built their homes around Springs, along trails and later along roads whereas people from the Gobi followed the water because they were nomadic.
The Mojave Desert receives less than 330 millimetres of rainfall each year making it a semiarid desert. The Gobi Desert is an arid desert receiving 194 millimetres of rainfall each year. The Mojave Desert has around 1750- 2000 different species of plants which is triple the amount of the plant species the Gobi has. The Gobi has about 600 different species of plants.
The Gobi Desert doesn't have any major cities running along it or near it whereas the Mojave has California and Las Vegas near it.
The Gobi desert is located on the borderlands of Southern Mongolia and Northern China. The Mojave Desert can be found in the United States. The similarities between the Mojave
Desert and Gobi Desert are:
There aren't many sand dunes in the Mojave Desert or the Gobi Desert. Both deserts have quite mountainous terrain.
There is extreme temperature changes in both the Mojave Desert and the Gobi Desert. These changes occur mainly at sunset.
There aren't many people living at either of the deserts. This tends to be because of the climate and temperature.
Both deserts have the same physical feature of sandy soil. BIBLIOGRAPHY • http://www.mongolia-travel-guide.com/gobi-desert-plants.html
Date Accessed: 9/8/12
• http://www.bluepeak.net/mongolia/gobi.html
Date Accessed: 13/8/12
• http://www.desertusa.com/du_gobi_life.html
Date Accessed: 28/8/12
• http://www.bluepeak.net/mongolia/gobi.html
Date Accessed: 25/8/12
• http://www.world-climates.com/city-climate-dalanzadgad-mongolia-asia/
Date Accessed: 25/8/12
• http://www.mongolia-travel-guide.com/gobi-desert-map.html Date Accessed: 25/8/12
• http://www.desertusa.com/du_gobi.html
Date Accessed: 25/8/12
• http://www.buzzle.com/articles/gobi-desert-animals.html
Date Accessed: 28/8/12
• http://gobidesert.org/content/people
Date Accessed: 28/8/12
• http://www.reference.com/browse/gobi+desert+food+chain
Date Accessed: 27/8/12
• http://www.livestrong.com/article/157589-uses-for-wild-onion/
Date Accessed: 27/8/12
• http://www.ehow.com/info_8193693_information-uses-wild-onion.html
Date Accessed: 27/8/12
• http://gobidesert.org/content/plants
Date Accessed: 27/8/12
• http://www.mongolia-travel-guide.com/gobi-desert-plants.html
Date Accessed: 27/8/12 The Gobi Desert is 1,295,000 square kilometres whereas the Mojave Desert is 65,000 kilometres squared. This means that the Gobi Desert is a lot bigger.
The main animals of the Mojave Desert are bighorn sheep, chuckwalla, sidewinder, zebra-tailed lizard whereas the main animals of the Gobi Bear, Snow Leopard, Golden Eagle and Grayling.
Although both deserts have extreme temperature changes the Mojave Desert is a hot desert whilst the Gobi Desert is a cold desert. MOJAVE DESERT
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