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WW2 Battle D Day
Transcript of WW2 Battle D Day
Used by the Allies to deceive Hitler
Made Nazis think Allied invasion would come at a later date
Threatened places like the Pas-de- Calais and the Balkans
But we know that wasn't the true attack...
Allies were led by General Eisenhower.
About 1.22 Million
About 30 Thousand
The defending Germans were led by
They had about 450 thousand troops
Pointe de Hoc
3 airborne divisions (1 BR, 2 USA) dropped paratroopers from Douglas C-47 aircrafts behind enemy lines.
Operation Bodyguard (and other ploys) had been used to deceive Nazis
Canada`s Historical Significance
Canada's military strength was acknowledged, and they given their own beach
Canada led the battle at Juno Beach
Canada fought as equals with USA and Britain
Canada faced the second toughest defense... and won
Canada advanced the most into France on the first day
Canadian soldiers were given a memorial, called the Juno Beach Center
D-Day also known as Operation Overlord was the Allied invasion of Europe
This was the biggest amphibious military operation in history. The Allies attacked from air, sea and eventually land.
Liberate the rest of Europe
Their job was to secure
bridges and exit roads and cut
off German communications.
They confused and delayed
They were accompanied by troops flying in Hadrian and other types of gliders escorted by Lockheed P-38s.
Over 1000 RAF bombers blasted at the defenses at Normandy. The B-17 Flying Fortress and Avro Lancaster played a major role in the bombings.
Landing Craft Tanks
blasted at the enemy defenses
to provide cover for the troops.
Warships bombard costal defenses.
DD tanks are
released from Allied
Landing Tank Crafts.
Troops land on beaches
British, American and Canadian troops stormed ashore from Landing Craft Vehicles.
The troops on the beach were accompanied by tanks, M4 Sherman and MK V1 Centaur to name a few.
Heavy artillery such as Howitzers and M2 Mortars were used by assault troops. They also carried machine guns for example the Thompson M1A1
START OF JUNO BEACH
The first Canadian beachhead
is established in Courseulles in
Mike Sector by the Regina Rifles,
covered by the DD tanks of the
Canadian soldiers are on the beach in all sectors. Reserve troops begin to reach the beach. The assault troops rushed German defenses with Sten-guns and grenades.
All units of the Third Canadian Division are on shore at Juno Beach.
The Canadians capture Courseulles and Bernieres.
The North Shore Regiment capture St-Aubin.
Highland Regiment captures Colombiers-sur-seulles.
The 1st Hussar reaches its objective 15 kilometres from the beach at the Caen-Bayeux Highway intersection.
Allies' Historical Significance
Start of Allied invasion of Europe
Key to Allies' victory
Start of France's liberation
Turning point of World War II
Largest amphibious operation in history
World War II
Tuesday 6th June, 1944
Official Start: 0000 (12:00 AM)
Troops dropped: 0630 (06:30 AM)
Operation Overlord ended at the end of August
"As we moved farther from the mother ship and closer to shore, it came as a shock to realize that the assault fleet just behind us had completely disappeared from view. Suddenly there was just us and an awful lot of ocean or English Channel if you prefer. All that remained within sight was our own fleet of ten assault craft, moving abreast in the early-morning silence in a gradually extending line facing the shore, the A Company boats on the right and the B Company boats on the left. Daylight. We had never felt so alone in our lives."
- Charles Cromwell Martin, Battle Diary, 1994, p. 4
On the run-in Doug Reed and I were standing up eagerly, watching for shore.
We began singing "The Bells Are Ringing for Me and My Gal" and continued until we saw the steeple of the church at our landing site. I said, "Doug, there's the church, I thought it wasn't supposed to be there."
It suffered one shell hole in the steeple. We soon saw the big hotel that is a famous painting now.
Then we saw the five pillboxes mounted on top of the sea-wall. These were our first objective. About five hundred yards out, they had us in the sights of their small arms and began shooting. We had never been under real fire and realized it when bullets were hitting our assault craft. I said to Doug, as if we should be surprised, "they're shooting at us" and we ducked down below the armour.
- Doug Hester, Queen's Own Rifles, from Canadians, A Battalion at War, p. 3
This was done to establish a beachhead for troops and supplies
Make Germany fight a war on two fronts, to spread out its army
The Queen's Own Rifles land at Nan Sector.
The soldiers have to run under fire from hidden German artillery. Only a few men of the first company survive.
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