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WW2 Battle D Day

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Harsh Iddya

on 19 July 2013

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Transcript of WW2 Battle D Day

D-Day
Operation Bodyguard
Used by the Allies to deceive Hitler
Made Nazis think Allied invasion would come at a later date
Threatened places like the Pas-de- Calais and the Balkans
But we know that wasn't the true attack...
Who
Allies were led by General Eisenhower.
About 1.25

Million

American Troops
About 1.22 Million
British

and
Commonwealth Troops
About 30 Thousand
Canadian Troops

The defending Germans were led by
Adolf Hitler
They had about 450 thousand troops

What
When
Why
?
Sword Beach
Juno Beach
Gold Beach
Omaha Beach
Pointe de Hoc
Utah Beach
How
0000:
3 airborne divisions (1 BR, 2 USA) dropped paratroopers from Douglas C-47 aircrafts behind enemy lines.


Operation Bodyguard (and other ploys) had been used to deceive Nazis
Canada`s Historical Significance
Canada's military strength was acknowledged, and they given their own beach
Canada led the battle at Juno Beach
Canada fought as equals with USA and Britain
Canada faced the second toughest defense... and won
Canada advanced the most into France on the first day
Canadian soldiers were given a memorial, called the Juno Beach Center
D-Day also known as Operation Overlord was the Allied invasion of Europe
This was the biggest amphibious military operation in history. The Allies attacked from air, sea and eventually land.
Liberate the rest of Europe
0100:
Their job was to secure
bridges and exit roads and cut
off German communications.
They confused and delayed
German defenses.
0300:
They were accompanied by troops flying in Hadrian and other types of gliders escorted by Lockheed P-38s.





0520:
Over 1000 RAF bombers blasted at the defenses at Normandy. The B-17 Flying Fortress and Avro Lancaster played a major role in the bombings.





0535:
Landing Craft Tanks
blasted at the enemy defenses
to provide cover for the troops.
Warships bombard costal defenses.
0600:
DD tanks are
released from Allied
Landing Tank Crafts.
0630-0800:
Troops land on beaches
British, American and Canadian troops stormed ashore from Landing Craft Vehicles.
The troops on the beach were accompanied by tanks, M4 Sherman and MK V1 Centaur to name a few.
Heavy artillery such as Howitzers and M2 Mortars were used by assault troops. They also carried machine guns for example the Thompson M1A1

START OF JUNO BEACH
0800:
The first Canadian beachhead
is established in Courseulles in
Mike Sector by the Regina Rifles,
covered by the DD tanks of the
1st Hussars.
1000:
Canadian soldiers are on the beach in all sectors. Reserve troops begin to reach the beach. The assault troops rushed German defenses with Sten-guns and grenades.
1030:
Beach-head gained.






1200:
All units of the Third Canadian Division are on shore at Juno Beach.




1800:
The Canadians capture Courseulles and Bernieres.
The North Shore Regiment capture St-Aubin.
Highland Regiment captures Colombiers-sur-seulles.
The 1st Hussar reaches its objective 15 kilometres from the beach at the Caen-Bayeux Highway intersection.
Allies' Historical Significance
Start of Allied invasion of Europe
Key to Allies' victory
Start of France's liberation
Turning point of World War II
Largest amphibious operation in history
Battles of
World War II
Tuesday 6th June, 1944
Official Start: 0000 (12:00 AM)
Troops dropped: 0630 (06:30 AM)
Operation Overlord ended at the end of August
"As we moved farther from the mother ship and closer to shore, it came as a shock to realize that the assault fleet just behind us had completely disappeared from view. Suddenly there was just us and an awful lot of ocean or English Channel if you prefer. All that remained within sight was our own fleet of ten assault craft, moving abreast in the early-morning silence in a gradually extending line facing the shore, the A Company boats on the right and the B Company boats on the left. Daylight. We had never felt so alone in our lives."
- Charles Cromwell Martin, Battle Diary, 1994, p. 4


On the run-in Doug Reed and I were standing up eagerly, watching for shore.
We began singing "The Bells Are Ringing for Me and My Gal" and continued until we saw the steeple of the church at our landing site. I said, "Doug, there's the church, I thought it wasn't supposed to be there."
It suffered one shell hole in the steeple. We soon saw the big hotel that is a famous painting now.
Then we saw the five pillboxes mounted on top of the sea-wall. These were our first objective. About five hundred yards out, they had us in the sights of their small arms and began shooting. We had never been under real fire and realized it when bullets were hitting our assault craft. I said to Doug, as if we should be surprised, "they're shooting at us" and we ducked down below the armour.
- Doug Hester, Queen's Own Rifles, from Canadians, A Battalion at War, p. 3


This was done to establish a beachhead for troops and supplies
Make Germany fight a war on two fronts, to spread out its army
0830:
The Queen's Own Rifles land at Nan Sector.
The soldiers have to run under fire from hidden German artillery. Only a few men of the first company survive.
La Fin

Normandy, France
Where
Picture References
Ace Pilots. (2013.). B17 flying fortress [photograph.]. Retrieved from http:// acepilots.com/planes/b17.html
Canadian Forces. (2011.). The cap badge of the Queen's Own Rifles of Canada [photograph.]. Retrieved http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:QOR_badge.jpg
D-Day Overlord. (n.d.). 105 mm M2A1 howitzer [photograph.]. Retrieved from http://www.dday- overlord.com/eng/105mm_m2_howitzer.html
D-Day Overlord. (n.d.). M2 60 mm mortar [photograph.]. Retrieved from http://www.dday- overlord.com/eng/m2_60_mm_mortar.htm
D-Day Overlord. (n.d.). Thompson M1A1 [photograph.]. Retrieved from http://www.dday- overlord.com/eng/thompson_submachine_gun.htm
How Stuff Works. (2013.). Douglas C-47 [photograph.]. Retrieved from http://science.howstuffworks.com/douglas-c-47.html
Imperial War Museums. (1944.). A Crusader I tank emerges from a tank landing craft [photograph.]. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:IWM-H-19057-Crusader-landing- 19420426.jpg
Imperial War Museums. (1944.). Sherman DD [photograph.]. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:DD-Tank.jpg
Library and Archives Canada. (1944.). Canadian troops landing at Juno beach, D-Day [photograph.]. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/featured/juno-beach
Lockheed Corporation. (n.d.). Lockheed P-38 Lightning fighter-interceptor [photograph.]. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/media/59923/Lockheed-P-38-Lightning-fighter- interceptor-which-first-flew-in
Nobility. (2012.). Allied paratroopers during World War II [photograph.]. Retrieved from http://nobility.org/2012/11/05/patton-d-day-advice/
Time Magazine. (2013.). Large graphical D-Day landings map [map.]. Retrieved from http://www.ila-chateau.com/normandy-hotel-chateau-canisy/location-map
The Royal Regina Rifles. (2008.). This is a logo for The Royal Regina Rifles [photograph.]. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:RoyalReginaRifles.jpg
USAAF. (1943.). Waco CG-4A glider in flight [photograph.]. Retrieved from http://www.timemoneyandblood.com/HTML/normandy/airborneAssault/waco.html
WWII Vehicles. (2013.). Avro Lancaster bomber of 15 Squadron [photograph.]. Retrieved from http://www.wwiivehicles.com/unitedkingdom/aircraft/bomber/lancaster.asp






References
AETN UK. (2013). D-Day. Retrieved from http://www.history.co.uk/explore-history/ww2/d-day.html
Canada at War. (3 December, 2006). Canadians on D-Day: June 6th 1944. Retrieved from http://www.canadaatwar.ca/content-14/world-war-ii/canadians-on-d-day/
CBC. (5 June, 2009). Canadian Troops Honored for Role in D-Day Invasion. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2009/06/05/dday-normandy-france-navy- war436.html
D-day-overlord.com . (n.d). Material Used During the Battle of Normandy. Retrieved from http://www.dday-overlord.com/eng/material.html
Juno Beach Center. (2013). D-Day. Retrieved from http://www.junobeach.org/e/2/can-eve-rod-nor-e.html
The Canadian Encyclopedia. (2012). Juno Beach. Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/featured/juno-beach
The National WWII Museum. (n.d). D-Day: June 6, 1944. Retrieved from http://www.nationalww2museum.org/learn/education/for-students/ww2-history/d-day- june-6-1944.html
US Army. (n.d). D-Day Airborne and Beach Assault. Retrieved from http://www.army.mil/d-day/beaches.html
Cultural Institute. (2013). D-Day. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/#!exhibit:exhibitId=gQcirO57
References
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/interactive/animations/wwtwo_map_d_day/index_embed.shtml
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/interactive/animations/wwtwo_map_d_day/index_embed.shtml
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