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Child Labor

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Rachel Sherman

on 6 March 2014

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Transcript of Child Labor

Child Labor
Child Labour
:

Annotated Map
People who support child labor
People who do not support child labor
Bibliography
An Abuse Of The Innocent
What is child labour?
Work that shouldn’t be done by children because they are either too young or are working in dangerous/unsuitable conditions



Types of child labour:
agricultural labour
mining
manufacturing
domestic service
scavenging
begging
construction
armed conflicts
sexual exploitation
drug trafficking

Child Labour: The Facts
In 2012 there were “about 215 million children around the world work, often full-time.”
“According to the United Nations, however, some 115 million children are forced to work in the worst categories. These include slavery, prostitution, and military work.”

Child Labour is present in...
“Despite its fast-growing economy, China has witnessed a substantial increase in child labor risks over the past year, ranking 20th compared with 53rd a year earlier.
The report said that unofficial estimates suggested that 100,000 children are employed in the country's manufacturing sector.”
Eritrea
Somalia
Democratic Republic of Congo
Myanmar
Sudan
Afghanistan
Pakistan
Zimbabwe
Yemen
Religion and Values
Parents don’t see a need to education and send their children to school rather than to work
In Ethiopia for example, it is both socially & religiously encouraged to produce large families in order to help share the work load (usually agriculturally or through small businesses)

Many families religiously have large families but are unable to provide for all their children, because they live in poverty, so they sell their children hoping they will have a better life.
Children are expected to follow in their parents footsteps and are made to help other members of the family


History of Child Labour: Europe and North America
Discussion Question
What's you perspective on the issue of child labour? Do you think the negative outcomes of child labour out weigh the negative? Or vice versa?
Human vs. Physical Geography
1700-1800 - Industrial boom, machines started to replace people, children were cheaper and easier to control to work the machines
1818 - 2 million school aged children were working 50-70 hours a week, they usually came from poverty
a little over a century later - child labour was outlawed
Human Geography
Economic - children cheaper than adults
Culture - family expectations
Physical Geography

Egypt:
labours in Egypt are divided between different sectors with the agricultural sector representing the highest percentage 77.7 per cent.
Resource - children are used as resources to find resources
Military - a type of child labour is child soldiers
Sudan:
1 of the top 10 worst countries for child labour
DR Congo: In DR Congo child labour is a prevalent issue. Taken from the UNICEF website about a younger girl working in the all day smashing rocks in harsh conditions.

"For today’s work, she will earn a meagre 3,000 francs, the equivalent of US$3.30. It is enough to buy rice and vegetables for her family.

“I can see my friends going to school and it hurts me,” she said. “I want to leave this work and return to school.”"
Myanmar:
"Child labor is widespread in Burma/Myanmar. Despite a compulsory education law, almost 40 percent of children never enroll in school, and only 25 to 35 percent complete the 5-year primary school course. '
Afghanistan:
"in Afghanistan aged 7-14 are at risk of leaving school and drifting into exploitative work situations, according to a new report by a Kabul-based think-tank. "
“Child labour not only prevents children from acquiring the skills and education they need for a better future, it also perpetuates poverty and affects national economies through losses in competitiveness, productivity and potential income. Withdrawing children from child labour, providing them with education and assisting their families with training and employment opportunities contribute directly to creating decent work for adults.”

-International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)
Education
give he/she time to develop (mentally and physically)

give he/she the skills to acquire a job
“If you educate a woman, she is more likely to get married later, have a better economic situation, have less kids, etc.”
Very poor families (are in need of money)
Ethiopia, Pakistan, Burundi, Afghanistan, Zimbabwe, Democratic of the Congo, Sudan, Somalia, North Korea, Myanmar...
Need this money to survive
If children could not work, it will affect many families because they will not have enough money to live
Typically choose the worse jobs - better money
Large companies: Victoria Secret, Forever 21, Urban Outfitters, Toys "R" Us, Hershey's,
Pakistan:
Child labour is most prevelent in the city of Multan
About the International Programme on the Elimination of
Child Labour (IPEC). (n.d.). International Labour
Organization. Retrieved March 5, 2014, from

http://
www.ilo.int/ipecprogramme/lang--en/index.htm
Child Labour. (n.d.). - Youth 17 +. Retrieved January 28, 2014,
from
http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/acdi-cida/ACDI-CIDA.nsf/
eng/NAT-43105337-KGK
Child Labour. (n.d.). UN News Center. Retrieved January 3, 2014, from
http://www.un.org/en/globalissues/briefingpapers/childlabour/
Hunt, K. (1970, January 1). The 10 worst countries for child
labor. CNN. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from
http://
www.cnn.com/2013/10/15/world/child-labor-index-2014/
TOKAREV, A. (2012, March 7). WORLD | real matters. | WNG.ORG. WORLD. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from
http://www.worldmag.com/2012/03/in_support_of_child_labor
McKenna, L. (2012, January 6). Child Labor Is Making A Disturbing Resurgence Around The World. Business Insider. Retrieved March 5, 2014, from
http://www.businessinsider.com/countries-worst-child-labor-risks-2012-1?op=1
Harrison, D. (2008, December 30). It's official: child labour is a good thing. The Telegraph. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/canada/1482368/Its-official-child-labour-is-a-good-thing.html
Business Pundit. (2012, May 1). Business Pundit RSS. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from
http://www.businesspundit.com/5-giant-companies-who-use-slave-labor/?img=42010
Zimbabwe:
Out of the 1.3 million orphans in Zimbabwe about 100,000 of them are living on their own in child-headed households
Somalia:
1999- 42% of children between the ages of 5-14 worked
Yemen:
There are over 1.3 million children involved in child labour
Eritrea:
About 38.4% of children between 10 to 14 years are working in Eritrea
Full transcript