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Do's and Don'ts Before, During, and After an Earthquake

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by

Juliet De Torres

on 5 February 2014

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Transcript of Do's and Don'ts Before, During, and After an Earthquake


- a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action.
BEFORE
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Learn about its causes and effects. Speak about them in a calm and composed manner.
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Keep in a handy place a torch and a portable transistor radio.
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Arrange your home in such a way that it is possible to move more easily, keeping corridors clear of furniture and toys.
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Attach shelves, gas cylinders, vases and flowerpots to the walls of your home.
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Place heavy or bulky objects on the floor or on the lowest shelves.
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Teach all members of your family how to turn off the electricity, water and gas supply.
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Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home and know how to use it.

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Learn the earthquake plan at your school or workplace.

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STAY CALM!
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If you're inside a structurally sound building or home, STAY THERE! If possible, quickly open the door for exit.
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Stay away from glass windows, shelves, and other heavy objects.
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Beware of falling objects.
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Duck under a sturdy desk or table and protect your head with your arms.
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If you're outside, move to an open area.
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Stay away from trees, power lines, posts and concrete structures.
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Move away from steep slopes which may be affected by landslides.
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If your near the shore, move quickly to higher ground.
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If you are in a moving vehicle, STOP and get out! Do not attempt to cross bridges, overpasses, or flyovers.

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Eat something. You will feel better and more capable of helping others.
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If your home is badly damaged you will have to leave it. Collect water containers, food and ordinary and special medicines(for persons with heart complaints, diabetes, etc.)
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Do not re-enter badly damaged buildings and do not go near damaged structures.
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Do not walk around the streets to see what have happened. Keep clear of the streets to enable rescue vehicles to pass.

Do's and Don'ts Before, During, and After an Earthquake
What is Earthquake?
DURING
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Keep calm, switch on the transistor radio and obey any instructions you hear on the radio.
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Keep away from beaches and low banks of rivers. A huge wave may sweep it.
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Expect aftershocks.
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If you know that people have been buried, tell the rescue teams. Do not rush and do not worsen the situation of injured persons or your own situation.
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Do not drink water from open containers without having examined and filtered it through a sieve, a filter or an ordinary clean cloth.
AFTER
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