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What is an inclusive activity?

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Damian Hatton

on 21 September 2018

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Transcript of What is an inclusive activity?

What is an inclusive activity? A Universal Design Approach
Introduction to Presenters
Introduction to the S4D Knowledge Exchange
Overview of the Agenda
Eli A. Wolff
Director of the Power of Sport Lab / Co-founder of the Sport and Society Initiative at Brown University
Catherine Carty
UNESCO Chair Project Manager “Transforming the lives of People with Disabilities, their families and Communities, Through Physical Education, Sport, Recreation and Fitness” at the Institute of Technology Tralee/ Chair Global Partnership for Children with Disabilities, Physical Activity and Sport Taskforce.
Tom Keyte
Co-founder - inFocus Enterprises
2016-17 Learning Community
Sport for Development and Peace International Working Group
(SDPIWG). Harnessing the Power of Sport for Development and Peac
"The intentional use of sport, physical activity and play to attain specific development objectives in low- and middle-income countries and disadvantaged communities in high-income settings."
Sport and Disability Knowledge Exchange
Objectives of the Knowledge Exchange
‘Disability is an evolving concept, and that disability results from the interaction between persons with impairments and attitudinal and environmental barriers that hinders full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others’.

United Nations Conventions on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Article 1 of the Convention states: ‘Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others’.
The end product: a new theory of change
Across 2018 inFocus Enterprises are running a series of six interactive webinars (online workshops) that will bring together practitioners, funders and researchers working in the global field of sport for development (S4D)* and disability to share their experience and insights
Each of the webinars will explore a different topic related to S4D and disability through guided discussions and exercises, with a focus on exploring the commonalities and differences in S4D and disability work around the world.
The information generated from the webinars will be used to develop and refine a new theory of change (ToC) for S4D and Disability that will be publicly available as a resource in the S4D sector.
There is also the potential to pull together the learning from the six webinars into a journal article at the end of the year to share learning more widely.
Across 2016-17 the Laureus Sport for Good Foundation supported a learning community run by inFocus to work with 6 sport for development organisations around the world as part of a Learning Community
Exercise 1: Poll
How did you find out about the webinar today?
Why are we exploring Universal Design?
What is Universal Design?
A short history of Universal Design
Universal Design: Principles and Environments
User- Experts
How Universal is Universal Design?
Jim Rohn
"If you are not willing to risk the unusual, you will have to settle for the ordinary."

"Much of the discussion about socialism and individualism is entirely pointless, because of failure to agree on terminology.”
Theodore Roosevelt
"Universal Design is a framework for the design of places, things, information, communication and policy to be usable by the widest range of people operating in the widest range of situations without special or separate design. Most simply, Universal Design is human-centered design of everything with everyone in mind."
Part 2: Universal Design in Practice: The UTMF
Exercise 3:
How can we ensure that activities are as inclusive as possible across the 5 Universal Design environments?
Exercise 4: Open Question
What topic would you like to see the Sport and Disability Knowledge Exchange cover in future? Please enter into the question box.
The Universal Transformational Management Framework (UTMF)
What purpose does the UTMF serve?
Encouraging reflection on the benefits of embracing diversity
Stimulating knowledge growth
Promoting action to offer a universal service across all operational areas
Providing a guide for controlling and reviewing the organisation's practice
The UTMF is an all-encompassing framework that can be used as a management tool to facilitate the transformation of sport organisations with a view to providing universal services that include all citizens. Hence, we have at their disposal a framework that emphasizes the main areas of operation that should be considered while planning universal service provision.

The Universal Transformational Management Framework (UTMF) is composed of fourteen elements, which are essential factors that fitness managers should acknowledge and, if necessary, address with a view to inclusivizing service provision.
Introducing the Framework
An Example of the UTMF Framework
Sport for Development
"Sport development primarily focuses on developing sport, or more specifically a certain sport. Often carried out by (Inter)national federations as well as umbrella organisations such as the IOC, FIFA and UEFA, it involves strategically developing a specific sport or a number of selected sports through investments, increased publicity or other means. The aim is to introduce more people to the sport, involving them as players, fans, sponsors or advocates."
Sport Development
Sport for development is about generating social development through the use of sport. It works on three levels: supporting an individual to learn and grow, a community to improve their living conditions, and, in the long term, a nation to overcome conflict or its effects. Sport is a tool for development. Those who work in the field have the task of demonstrating the efficacy of this tool in comparison with others on the path towards positive social change.
Sport for Development
Universal Design for Learning (UDL):
Applying Universal Design Concepts to Postsecondary Teaching
The Seven Principles of Universal Design, Action Magazine, December 2006
By Rosemarie Rossetti, Copyright © 2006 Rosemarie Rossetti
Publication copyright © 2006 United Spinal Association, http://www.unitedspinal.org/
Jutta Engelhardt, Swiss Academy for Development, on SportandDev.org
Health Condition
Social Participation
Personal Factors
Environmental Factors
Body Functions & Structures
WHO and Universal Design
“International classification of functioning. Source : Adapted from World Health Organization (2001).”
Inclusion spectrum. Source : Adapted from Interactive (2013) in Misener & Darcy (2014)
Part 1 : An introduction to Universal Design
Exercise 2: Poll
Are you familiar with the concept of Universal Design?
When we worked on the 2016-17 learning community a question kept arising:
- What is an 'inclusive activity'
In the final webinar of the 2016-17 learning community it was suggested to look at the concept of Universal Design to explore what we mean by an inclusive activity...
Institute for Human Centered Design
Universal design is also known as:
Inclusive Design
Lifespan Design
The various terms have generally been considered as synonyms but there is an increasing dialogue that questions whether 'universal' and 'inclusive' are synonymous or different.
Evolved from removing physical barriers
to people with disabilities to integration of all
people within all environments. Coincided
with passage of civil rights for individuals with disabilities, including the
Architectural Barriers Act of 1968
, the
Rehabilitation Act of 1973
, and the
Education of the Handicapped Act of 1975.
Ron Mace
, an internationally renowned architect, product designer and educator, is credited with conceiving the term “universal design.” He founded the Center for Universal Design at North Carolina State University (www.design.ncsu.edu/cud) in Raleigh in 1989.
In 1997, a committee of 10, under Mace’s leadership, wrote the seven principles of universal design.
© Center for Universal Design
Began to be considered in Europe, Japan,
and the United States
Information & Communication

Adapted from the Institute for Human Centered Design
4 Environments
Equitable Use
Flexibility in Use
Simple, Intuitive Use
Perceptible Information
Tolerance for Error
Low Physical Effort
Size and Space for Approach & Use
Center for Universal Design
7 Principles
"A user/expert can be anyone who has developed natural experience in dealing with the challenges of our built environment. User/experts include parents managing with toddlers, older people with changing vision or stamina, people of short stature, limited grasp or who use wheelchairs. These diverse people have developed strategies for coping with the barriers and hazards they encounter everyday. The experience of the user/expert is usually in strong contrast to the life experience of most designers and is invaluable in evaluating both existing products and places as well as new designs in development."

[Ostroff, Elaine. INNOVATION, the Quarterly Journal of the Industrial Designers Society of America (IDSA), Volume 16, No. 1 1997.]

Universal Design has been mistakenly described as the search for a one-size-fits-all design. Universal Design does encourage designers to consider the wide-ranging abilities of their users.
And where possible, an optimal design that caters for
as many people as possible
should be sought after. But a more universal solution can also incorporate...... specialised solutions to meet particular needs.
The aim is to provide the same (or equivalent) experiences, activities and services to everyone. It is
accepted that these may have to be provided through slightly different routes or interfaces
, but designers should strive to create a design that does not exclude or segregate.
The Centre for Excellence in Universal Design (CEUD) was established by the National Disability Authority (NDA)
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