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Social Change in the 1960s

Mastery Flow Chart

John Stanier

on 20 September 2012

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Transcript of Social Change in the 1960s

How Much did Social Attitudes Change 1955-75? photo (cc) Malte Sörensen @ flickr What were the attitudes towards women in the 1950s?
What were the attitudes towards women in 1975?
Why had the role of women changed in some ways?
Why had the role of women stayed the same in some ways?
Did attitudes to all women change, or only certain groups? Women To what extent did attitudes change towards women 1955-75? How did the people of Britain greet the passengers of the Windrush?
What does "Love Thy Neighbour" tell us about attitudes towards people of a different race by the mid 1970s?
Why did some people's attitude towards people of a different race change for the better during the 1960s?
Why did some people's attitude change for the worse? Race To what extent was there a change in attitudes towards people of a different race 1955-75? What were people's attitudes towards promiscuous behaviour in the 1950s?
What were people's attitudes towards promiscuous behaviour in the 1970s?
What caused this change in attitudes?
Did everyone change their attitude?
Were there any types of promiscuous behaviour that still weren't tolerated by 1970? Sex To what extent was there a change in attitudes towards sex 1955-75 Sexual intercourse began in 1963
(Which was rather late for me)
Between the end of the Chatterley ban
And the Beatles' first LP.
Philip Larkin Why were teenagers lives and attitudes changing in the late
What different youth "tribes" developed in the 1960s and what were their attitudes and beliefs?
How did teenagers attitudes towards music and fashion differ to the that of the previous generation?
In what ways did people's attitudes towards teenagers change in the 1960s?

Youth To what extent did the attitudes of teenagers change 1955-75? Did attitudes towards teenagers change 1955-75? The Abolition of Empire day was celebrated on 24 May 1962. Yet 51 former British colonies remained in the Commonwealth. People from these countries had the right t o settle in Britain. In the 1950s and early 1960s people arrived from the West Indies, India, Africa and Hong Kong. Most arrived with the hope they could stay long enough to pay for their boat ticket, send money home and then return with wealth to live on. The British government encouraged immigration in the 1950s. Low-paid and unskilled jobs in transport and the NHS needed filling. Posters appeared in the Caribbean showing an attractive native on the footplate of a London Bus. Discrimination soon turned into aggression. Violent riots broke out in 1958 between local whites and black immigrants in Notting Hill, London and Nottingham. In 1959, Kelso Cochrane, a 32-year old Antiguan was stabbed to death by a gang of 6 white youths. A survey of 1965 showed half of people would refuse to live next to a black person. Nine out of ten disapproved of mixed marriages. In 1967 the National Front was set up. A strongly racist and violent group. Bengalis in the East End were targeted. Girls were kicked out of school, stones flung, some streets were “no go” areas. From Bradford to Luton “Paki-bashing” became a common occurrence. “The effect of this immigration has been to make Britons feel strangers in their own country, their wives unable to obtain hospital beds in childbirth, their children unable to obtain school places, their homes and neighbourhoods changed beyond recognition, their plans and prospects for the future defeated.

As I look ahead, I am filled with foreboding. Like the Roman, I seem to see the River Tiber foaming with much blood.”

Enoch Powell, front bench Tory MP in a speech to Conservatives in Wolverhamptn, 1968 Until 1970, women could be paid less than men. They often had jobs as secretaries or in the service sector. Yet childminders were rare in the 1960s. Working mothers were often portrayed as unnatural and selfish by the media. Developments in contraception and the divorce laws were liberating for women but they also were for men. Many women were left feeling uncertain about the relationships they were in. By the end of the 1960s inequalities and stereotypes still existed. Yet girls had a better education and more opportunities than a decade before. Bearing an illegitimate child was no longer such a sin neither was living together outside of marriage. Yet men no longer held doors open for women. Because of frustration at the slow rate of change, in the late 1960s many Feminist books were published, such as “The Female Eunuch” by Germaine Greer and women’s Lib groups began to meet. They did not have wide spread support.
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