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Methods of Paragraph Development

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celia carballo

on 24 March 2014

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Transcript of Methods of Paragraph Development

In chapter 4 we learned about paragraphs and their methods of development. We learned the 8 different methods of developing a paragraph. The methods include: Facts and statistics, examples, and illustration, process, comparison and contrast, cause and effect, classification and analysis, definition, and analogy. The writer chooses a method that he or she feels will best clarify and support the main point of the paragraph.
5. Cause & Effect
a. Cause- Refers to reasons
b. Effect- Refers to consequences/results
c. Used to explain complex events, problems, or issues

6. Analysis & Classification
a. Both involve taking apart a larger subject & explaining them separately to see how each relates as a whole.
b. Classification- Writer puts two or more things into classes or categories, following a consistent system
c. Analysis- only involves a single entity-parts are examined one at a time. *Particularly used in textbooks to explain or clarify how the parts of a whole work together

Learning the methods of paragraph development and how to use them properly is vital to the writing process. The method a writer implements and depends on the point he or she is trying to make in the paragraph. The methods enrich ones writing and allows it to flow smoothly.
1. Facts & Statistics
a. Fact- Verifiable objective information
b. Statistics- Data
example p.121

2. Example & Illustrations
a. Example- A specific instance of a more general concept
b. Illustration- An extended example
c. Both point to typical and concrete instances of general idea
d. In textbooks: use illustration to reinforce & add interest to explanation

Example: People will eat almost anything, it seems, as long as it's sweet. And until fairly recently, the mental programming served them just fine. when Columbus introduced cane to the New World, the anthropologist Sidney Mintz has noted, sugar was an exotic luxury. Most Europeans had never eaten sugar but they quickly developed a taste for it. By 1700, the Americans had become a vast sugar mill and the English were eating four pounds per person per year. By 1800, they were eating eighteen pounds; by 1900, ninety pounds.

1. How many types of the process method are there? And what are they?

2. What method gives a specific instance of a more general concept?

3. Which method examines a single idea and looks at its separate parts to see how it works as a whole?

4. What is the cause and effect method?

5. What do all 8 methods provide?
3. Process
a. Directive method- Shows reader how to perform task
b. Informative process- Describes how something works, developed or came into existence
c. Both use chronological order to make steps easy to identify

4. Comparison & Contrast
a. Used to explain similarities & difference between 2 subjects
b. May be used together or singly, depending on subject and the purpose.

7. Definition
a. Definition- Usually associated with a secondary development.
b. Used to clarify a term that may be open to verifying interpretations

8. Analogy
a. The most sophisticated and hardest to interpret
b. Linking of two unlike things with common characteristics
c. Explains concepts in new and inventive ways

Methods of Paragraph Development
What kind of method is used in each paragraph?
A first date can end up being categorized as successful, a clingy, a boastful or awkward. Successful first dates include both parties expressing information about what they like, who they are, and so forth. Usually, these dates will end in tentative plans for a second one. Clingy dates end up with one of the parties practically begging for information about the other. However, the non-clinger is not interested. On boastful dates, one member of the duo talks about all of his or her skills, talents, and abilities. The listening end of the pair is never asked about his or her life. Awkward first dates generally involve lots of silence or one or both of the partners not knowing how to act appropriate.
There are many steps to making pancakes. First, collect your ingredients. You will need, flour, sugar, milk, and eggs. You will also need a frying pan. Next, mix a cup of flour with half a cup of sugar. Add a teaspoon of salt. After that, mix the eggs and milk in a separate bowl. Add a tablespoon of oil. Then mix the liquids and solids together until you have a smooth batter. Pour some batter into a frying pan. Wait for the pancake to start to bubble. Then flip it over. Last, take the pancake out of the pan.
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