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Darfur: genocide

Genocide in Darfur
by

Rebecca Thiessen

on 11 May 2011

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Transcript of Darfur: genocide

The conflict mainly involved the official Sudanese military, police, and a Sudanese militia group with recruits mostly from the Arab tribes of the northern Rizeigat called the Janjaweed. The other combatants are made up of rebel groups, specifically the SLM/A and the JEM, which were recruited primarily from the non Arab Muslim ethic groups, Fur, Zaghawa and the Masalit. The Darfur Genocide started in February 2003 and is centered in the Darfur region of Sudan It is an ongoing civil war that started when the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) accused the Sudanese government of oppressing non- Arab Sudanese in favor of Sudanese Arabians.


To stop the uprising, the Sudanese government responded viciously and targeted ethic groups from which the rebels received much of their support from
As a result the casualties of civilians were huge. Over 400 villages were completely destroyed and millions of civilians were forced to flee their homes
Buildings were burned, water sources tainted, irrigation systems torn up, food and seed stock were destroyed and fruit trees were cut down. Even a massive amount of cattle had been stolen. Men and boys were killed, women and girls were abducted and raped, and all of their agriculture production was destroyed Many people died from lack of food and water after being forced out of their homes From direct attacks and poor living conditions its been estimated that as many as 300,000 people have died between 2003 and 2005 alone
Although the Sudanese government publicly denies that it supports the Janjaweed, it’s been proven that they have been providing financial assistance and weapons to the militia and organizing joint attacks against civilians
The genocide has so far claimed over 400 000 lives and 2500 000 have lost their homes. Everyday more than a hundred people continue to die. They Sudanese government disagrees on these estimates and seems to be unwilling to address the human rights crisis that they’ve been faced with. Thousands of civilians have crossed Chad to avoid the continuing violence in Darfur. With the refugees and locals sharing the limited resources there the competition for food, water and firewood is intense Darfur is underdeveloped and the economic need is huge. This has caused a lot of conflicts. The more the war goes on the less amount of food is grown and cattle is raised which puts Darfur in more need The Conflict has been going on in Darfur since 2003 and is still continuing today The outcome of it is unclear. A truce was signed in 2010, though low level violence still continues. The UN has started a joint UN/AU peacekeeping force in Darfur and helping promote economical development. As well as encouraging peace talks bewteen the Rebel groups and the Sudanese government Also to promote peace in Sudan, Since 2006 Canada has contributed $760 million towards peace and humanitarian goals and engaging in the Darfur peace process Canada has helped by spending $170 million to support the 7,000 African Union peacekeeping soldiers in the region. Help Darfur Now is a non-profit organization founded by three high school students, whose mission is to raise awareness of and funds for the victims of the genocide in Darfur, Sudan. Around the country and across the globe, the Save Darfur Coalition is inspiring action, raising awareness and speaking truth to power on behalf of the people of Darfur. Working with world leaders, we are demanding an end to the genocide, and our efforts are getting results. Darfur Genocide By Brandy & Rebecca
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