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The Moche Civilization

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Alejandra Pineda

on 4 September 2012

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Transcript of The Moche Civilization

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli By this side of the world, the Moche Civilization was located. During AD 300-400, what is known as the Middle Moche period, they divided into two by the Paijan Desert. Northern Moche's capital was Sipan, and the Southern's was at the Huacas of Moche. They had a legal system, the imperial government directed the military to other lands. promotion in trade and and in economy led the Moche Civilization to success. their social structure also kept them in unity. Establishing and Maintaining Political Unity A.P Administrative institution
-centralized government
-elaborate legal system and bureaucracies Administrative Institution A.P The Moche's do not have any written record but, they did have technique called quipu recording system but, we have not dephired it yet. System of Record A.P The Moche's had no official and there were no records of them using transportation. The only transportation they might have had were their feet. Transportation Priests and warriors of Moche culture were highly revered, honored, and obeyed
The members of the high classes lived closest to the ceremonial pyramids and temples
Fights were held between two Moche Tribe members in order to gain a "prisoner" to later sacrifice to the gods
They had a polytheistic religion due to their beliefs in many gods, including "The Decapitator", which represented how the Moche would decapitate the people before sacrificing them
"The Decapitator" was part of the Moche iconography. This creature had features of land, air, and water animals: wings, crab legs, and spider legs, symbolizing its ability of omnipresence.
Human sacrification to the gods played a very big and important role in Moche culture and religion since they sacrificed humans in order to get enough crops, sun, and rain.
Priests would drink the blood of the sacrificed which was thought to give them strength from the soul of the deceased.
After the blood consumption the priests performed, a cannibalism ritual followed in which instead of sacrificing some humans, they ate certain body parts such as their legs and arms.
Human sacrifices would get worse every time the weather got bad and they had earthquakes or storms because the Moche thought the gods would send them the bad weather telling them that they wanted more worship. Religion Burial types of the deceased were based on their social rank. For example, the burials of the high class peoples included many grave goods.
Another important ritual that took part in the burials was the preparation of corpses called mummification.
Not only did the Moche offer humas to their gods, they also offered animals which they buried in the foundations of their buildings so their buildings could be blessed. And they offered goods such as food, bones, and pottery.
Marriage played a big role in Moche religion since it was a ceremony followed by cultural dances, offerings, music, and food. The marriage ceremony included a ritual in which a cooking pot was placed between the couple with maize flour and llama fat. They would set this on fire and then stir it together representing their equal roles in their new life together.
Something the Moche greatly believed in was smoking pipes of different herbs to ask for different favors from the gods. For example, women would smoke pipes of a certain herb of fertility in order to be able to have many children. While the Moche did not have a written language, no legal codes existed in their civilization. Legal Codes There existed large civic-ceremonial centers which produced many hand-made goods. These were located all over the empire. The goods produced were taken to rural agrarian villages and the villages would produce cultivated goods for the centers. Therefore, the powerful elite of the villages moved the lower-class peoples around to those centers and villages to work.
The non-powerful low-class peoples were also sent to work building networks of canals in order for the agricultural productivity to increase.
Not only did these labors exist but also the domestication of animals such as llamas, guinea pigs, and ducks in rural areas, fishing and hunting, and trading centers in large valleys.
The craftspeople also took a big role since they were big on weaving, using local metals and minerals to make tools, and pottery-making out of clay. Mobilization of labor and Resources The Moche were metallurgists and used wax, gold, silver, and copper to make tools for agriculture and crafting.
They used the fibers from plants to weave.
They also used herbs for rituals and medications they believed in.
The Moche made use of the animals' skin, teeth, and bones to make clothing and jewelry.
Since they were located near the coast, they used shells, especially the Spondylus shell, to make jewelry and other useful items such as bowls for their blood consumption rituals and mummification processes.
They would use the water from rivers and lakes for canals to improve their cultivation.
Rich soils found mostly on the banks of the rivers were used for crop cultivation as well as to make special clays for pottery and adobe for building their houses.
The Moche used cotton to make textiles and items found in nature to make dyes. Resources Used in Natural Environment The Decapitator
http://enloehs.wcpss.net/projects/candc/merg/rbmwrnmerg7/rdnmawrebmerg7.htm
http://archaeology.about.com/od/mterms/qt/moche.htm
http://www.everythingperu.com/the-moche-civilization.html
http://moche.tripod.com/Moche_Rel.html
http://66.39.52.159/erountree/Period%202.pdf
http://archaeology.about.com/od/mterms/qt/moche.htm Bibliography Priests and warriors, and other important people were members of the upper class and lived near the large ceremonial pyramids and other temple
Middle class was mostly of artisans, they surrounded the upper class
farmers, fisherman, servants, slaves, and beggars lived in the middle class
Priests and warriors were respected and obeyed Social Hierarchy Had canals and aqueducts
Large monumental pyramid shaped architecture called huacas
Huacas were large platform mounds, built put of thousands adobe bricks, on top of the tallest platforms were large patios, rooms, and corridors, and a high bench for the seat of the ruler Monumental Architecture Most of the Moche centers had two huacas, one larger than the other
between the 2 huacas could be found the Moche cities, including cemeteries, residential compounds, storage facilities, and craft workshops
Some planning of the centers is evident, sincce the layout of the Moche centers are very similiar, and organized along streets
Ordinary people at the Moche sites lived in rectangular adobe-brick compounds where several families resided
Within compounds, were rooms used for living and sleeping, craft workshops and storage facilities
Houses at the Moche sites are generally made of well standardized adobe-brick Urban Planning Traded lapis, lazuli, and spondylus shell objects from long distances
Also traded their craft work
Evidence has shown that they traded with Ecuador and Chile Trading
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