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Eating Disorders

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dioselina solis

on 9 October 2013

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Transcript of Eating Disorders

Eating disorders involve serious problems in eating behavior, such as extreme and unhealthy reduction of food intake or severe overeating, as well as feelings of distress or extreme concern about body shape or weight.
Dont consume enough carbohydrates, fats, proteins
Most Common are Anorexia and bulimia
Anorexia
Bulimia
A person with bulimia eats an excessive amount of food in a short period of time (binging) and then tries to prevent weight gain by getting rid of the food (purging).
purging is when you make yourself vomit or by taking laxatives
Eating Disorders
What Are Eating Disorders
physical effects
stomach ulcers
osteoporosis
hair loss
digestive problems
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
tooth decay, toothaches, swollen gums, gum disease (gingivitis), and erosion of tooth enamel (caused by acid in the mouth from vomiting)
psychological effects
out of control feelings
mood changes
avoidance of others
constantly thinking about food
depression/ self harm, substance abuse or suicide attempts
Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by extreme dieting, severe weight loss and resulting malnourishment.
The body is denied the essential nutrients it needs to function normally.
The average calories that a person with anorexia consume is 600–800 calories per day, but extreme cases of complete self-starvation are known.
Binge And Purge Cycle
symptoms
Excessive exercise
Refusing to maintain a normal weight or above-normal weight for their age and height
they see themselves as being overweight even when they are very thin
consume very small quantities of food that leads to self starvation(trying to go as long as possible without eating)
skipping meals or making excuses for not eating
Obsessive interest in cooking or preparing food for others
Aggressive when forced to eat "forbidden foods"
cutting food into tiny pieces
Frequent comments about feeling overweight
denial of hunger, even when starving(food restriction)
Behavior
extreme weight loss /thin appearance(15% below ideal body weight)
abnormal blood counts
fatigue
dizziness or fainting
dry skin
intolerance of cold
irregular heart rhythms
low blood pressure
dehydration
osteoporosis, the loss of bone calcium, which may result in broken bones
Treatment For Anorexia And Bulimia
Restore weight loss
Treat psychological issues such as depression, self-esteem, and interpersonal conflicts
Achieve long-term recovery and remission
Bulimia: main goal is to stop the binge and purge cycle
Anorexia: 3 Phases
Establish healthy and consistent eating habits, three meals a day at regular times
Encourage healthy, not excessive, exercise
Treat psychological issues such as mood or anxiety disorders
A normal, healthy amount of food for an average teenager or adult is about 1,800- 2,600 calories a day. During a bingeing episode, tend to eat 20 to 25 times that amount, which is more than 50,000 calories.
they feel like they cannot control the amount of food eaten
very secretive about eating and don't eat around other people
Goes to the bathroom a lot after eating (to purge)
Binge and Purge cycle
Full transcript