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Pemulwuy

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by

Ben Bater

on 19 November 2012

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Transcript of Pemulwuy

Pemulwuy 'The Rainbow Warrior' Born in 1750 at Botany Bay, Pemulwuy (prononced Pe-mul-wy) was a member of the Bediagal tribe. He was named after the Darug word ‘Pemul’ meaning earth, and his left foot had been clubbed, symbolising that he was a ‘smart man’. Pemulwuy was a great Australian warrior and a highly respected leader. He fought against the European invaders (first fleet) to save his peoples land, Pemulwuy was named ‘The Rainbow Warrior’ by fellow members of his tribe. He carried out a guerrilla war at the age of 30, which raged on from 1780 to 1802 claiming many Aboriginal and European lives. Early Life Early Life Pemulwuy was captured in 1797 but managed to escape from intensive care with an iron ball chained to his leg. He was wounded, but he survived and continued fighting the invaders. Pemulwuy's close escapes resulted in the Darug people believing that firearms could not kill him. Pemulwuy is noted for his resistance to the European settlement, for he pulled off daring attacks like spearing John Macintyre, Governor Philip’s Gamekeeper, who later died of the wound and ‘He stormed into the town of Parramatta at the head of 100 warriors.' Pemulwuy and the group he led were clearly at war with the British. His 12-year campaign and persistent attacks on crops and towns were not merely the acts of an outlaw or thief. They were acts of war, carried out by the people who were determined not to surrender their land and to show dominance to the invaders. After another 5 years of fighting for his people’s land he was ambushed and shot dead by the Fleet in 1802, at the age of 52. His head was cut off and sent to England where the head still remains today in a jar of alcohol. Interesting ‘As Europeans explored and invaded land around the world in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, they created many enemies, some weak, and some powerful – but none more implacably hostile or uncompromising as the Australian Pemulwuy.’ Governor Phillip, in signing Pemulwuy’s head to England, wrote, ‘Although a terrible pest to the colony, he was a brave and independent character.’ Impact There is a suburb in Sydney named after Pemulwuy, and many statues, plaques and information stands in museums or Town Squares. Pemulwuy’s story traveled Australia and the world shocking millions of people. His everlasting courage and will as a warrior was tremendous and many people still admire his fearlessness and bravery to stand up and fight for his country. 1. When was Pemulwuy born? Pemulwuy was born in 1750 at Botany Bay. 2. What is Pemulwuy recognised for? Pemulwuy was a great Australian warrior and a highly respected leader, who fought against the First Fleet for freedom. 3. Which tribe was Pemulwuy in? Pemulwuy was a member of the Bediagal tribe. 4. What on Pemulwuy's body symbolises that he is a smart man? Pemulwuy's left foot had been clubbed, symbolising that he was a ‘smart man’. 5. At what age did Pemulwuy start his campaign? Pemulwuy carried out a guerrilla war at the age of 30. 7. Who did Pemulwuy spear? Pemulwuy speared John Macintyre, Governor Philip’s Gamekeeper 8. Where and how did Pemulwuy escape? Pemulwuy managed to escape from intensive care with an iron ball chained to his leg. 9. At what age was Pemulwuy shot dead by the First Fleet? Pemulwuy was ambushed and shot dead by a member of the Fleet in 1802, at the age of 52. 6. How long did Pemulwuy's war rage on for? Pemulwuy's campaign lasted 12 long years. 10. Where is there a suburb named after Pemulwuy? There is a suburb in Sydney named after Pemulwuy. QUIZ!
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