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Transcript of Gerunds
Andrea Lamas, WIlker Ballantine, and Jake Farris Gerunds Definition How Gerunds are Used as Subjects Baking cookies is an extremely intense pastime. Gerunds as Direct Objects Direct objects follow action verbs and tell who or what. A gerund is an "-ing" verb that functions as a noun. They are sometimes called "verbal nouns." In a sentence, gerunds can act as a subject, direct object, predicate nominative, or object of the preposition ex. Eating chocolate chip cookies is my favorite thing to do. Eating chocolate chip cookies is a gerund because it is an -ing verb phrase that is being used as a noun (the subject) and is needed in the sentence in order for it to make sense. In this sentence, the subject is "baking cookies". Without it, the sentence would not make sense. Therefore, it is a gerund. ex. Everyone loves eating cookies. Loves, in this sentence, is the action verb and eating cookies is what people love. (THINK: love what? eating cookies.) Gerunds as Objects of Prepositions The object of a preposition is the noun that follows the preposition. Gerunds, which act as nouns can be the object of the preposition. Ex. I will get a glass of milk before eating my cookies. Gerunds as Predicate Nominatives A gerund can act as a predicate noun. Ex: My favorite thing to do is baking. "Baking" is the predicate noun because the "favorite thing" is "baking". Test Test The loud beeping announced that the cookies were done. Test My plans for vacation include baking delicious cookies. Test Buying dark chocolate chips is my plan of action for today. Test The bakers kept the pastry kitchen clean by sweeping daily. Test Jake enjoys baking chocolate chip cookies. Test The thing I worry most about is burning the cookies. Test Gathering the ingredients can be a long process. Test The part I enjoy most is stirring the batter. Test I love the delicious, warm, goey, sticky stuff inside cooling chocolate chip cookies. Eating large amounts of cookies helps clear the head.